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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Wisconsin

Pretesting a Human Trafficking Screening Tool in the Child Welfare and Runaway and Homeless Youth Systems

Pretesting a Human Trafficking Screening Tool in the Child Welfare and Runaway and Homeless Youth Systems
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Despite the fact that youth involved in the child welfare (CW) and runaway and homeless youth (RHY) systems are particularly vulnerable to being trafficked, there is no consensus screening tool to identify trafficking experiences among such youth. In order to better serve youth trafficking victims, a Human Trafficking Screening Tool (HTST), along with a Short Form version (HTST-SF), was developed and pretested with 617 RHY- and CW-involved youth, ages 12 to 24, across 14 RHY and CW settings in New York, Texas, and Wisconsin in 2016. The survey captured their trafficking experiences as well as demographic characteristics and other life experiences related to trafficking (e.g., running away, drug abuse). Overall, the HTST and HTST-SF performed equally well at capturing trafficking experiences for most youth. Practitioners assessed the tool as easy to administer and the youths responses as truthful and indicating understanding of the questions. Responses to the HTST were correlated to known trafficking risk factors and outcomes, including running away from home, being kicked out of ones home, abusing prescription or over-the-counter drugs, trading sex for something of value on their own, being arrested, and seeking help. In addition, the HTST correctly predicted trafficking victimization. Additional testing of youth under age 18 and youth in CW settings, in addition to further validation work with a nationally representative sample of youth, is recommended. (Author Abstract Modified)  

Accession number
25402
Authors
Dank, M., Yahner, J., Yu, L., Vasquez-Noriega, C., Gelatt, J., Pergamit, M.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York, NY

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge at HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation: https://aspe.hhs.gov/system/files/pdf/257786/Pretesting.pdf.

Hunger in Higher Education: Experiences and Correlates of Food Insecurity Among Wisconsin Undergraduates from Low-Income Families

Hunger in Higher Education: Experiences and Correlates of Food Insecurity Among Wisconsin Undergraduates from Low-Income Families
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a mixed-methods study of low-income students at 42 public colleges and universities in Wisconsin to show the daily experiences of food insecurity and to examine the food security status across different student backgrounds. From survey and interview data, the results indicate that students who grew up in food-insecure homes, self-identify as a racial/ethnic minority, live off-campus, and attend college in an urban area are significantly more likely to report the lowest level of food security often associated with hunger. Students explain that the lack of time and money are their biggest barriers to food security. Most rely on friends or family for support, while few use the social safety net, in part, due to eligibility restrictions. The authors discuss the need for a multifaceted response to promote food security and student success.

Accession number
25635
Authors
Broton, K.M., Weaver, K.E., Mai, M.,
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Social Sciences

Volume new
10
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available to download free of charge: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-0760/7/10/179/htm