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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Victimization

Victimization and Resilience Among Sexual and Gender Minority Homeless Youth Engaging in Survival Sex

Victimization and Resilience Among Sexual and Gender Minority Homeless Youth Engaging in Survival Sex
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

Yes

Abstract

This journal article explores how a diverse group of sexual and gender minority (SGM) homeless youth described and understood their victimization experiences occurring before they were homeless and those occurring after they were homeless and engaging in survival sex; and how these youths manifested resilience when living on the street. The sample consisted of 283 racially/ethnically diverse youth between the ages of 15 and 26 years (M = 19.6, SD = 1.28) living in a large U.S. city. Participants identified their gender as male (47%), female (36%), transgender (15%), or queer and other (3%) and their sexual orientation as bisexual (37%), gay (23%), lesbian (15%), heterosexual (13%), or queer and other (13%). (author abstract modified)

Authors
Alessi, E.J., Greenfield, B., Manning, D., Dank, M.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Year published new
2020

Understanding the Link Between Victimization and Alcohol Use Among Homeless Youth Using Ecological Momentary Assessment

Understanding the Link Between Victimization and Alcohol Use Among Homeless Youth Using Ecological Momentary Assessment
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that used ecological momentary assessment to look at victimization and alcohol use among homeless youth. Prior research on this topic was retrospective and thus did not capture the sequencing of events. The researchers used short message service surveying with 150 homeless youth ages 16 to 22 over 30 days. The results reveal that experiencing physical or sexual victimization on a specific day was positively associated with youth’s drinking alcohol later that day. Because this study method allows for such specificity, the authors contend that they can link a specific victimization experience with a current drinking episode. Thus, the time ordering of daily events in the current study is a significant improvement over prior research. Understanding the timing between victimization and drinking alcohol is also important for intervention with this underserved population. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25604
Authors
Tyler, K.A., Olson, K., Ray, C.M.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World

Volume new
4
Year published new
2018
Availability

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project looks at existing state criminal record relief laws for survivors of human trafficking. Many survivors have arrest records and court documents for offenses stemming from their victimization in the commercial sex industry or labor sectors. As a result, survivors face barriers that affect their independence, stability, and safety. The authors assess the effectiveness of each state’s current laws, if any, and provide recommendations for improving and implementing meaningful laws to help survivors. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25746
Authors
Marsh, E., Anthony, B., Emerson, J., Mogulescu, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/criminal-record-relief-laws-survivors-human-…

Predictors of Adolescents First Episode of Homelessness Following Substance Use Treatment

Predictors of Adolescents First Episode of Homelessness Following Substance Use Treatment
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that sought to identify predictors of a young person’s first episode of homelessness during the 12 months after substance use treatment entry. The researchers used data from a longitudinal study of adolescents (n=17,911; aged 12 to 17 years) receiving substance use treatment throughout the U.S. The participants completed surveys at intake and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month intervals after intake. After excluding adolescents who reported previous experiences of homelessness, 5% of the study participants reported their first episode of homelessness over the 12 months after treatment intake. The final models indicate that those who were older, male, reported more victimization experiences, mental health problems, family problems, deviant peer relationships, and substance use problems (more treatment episodes and illicit drug dependence) were more likely to report experiencing homelessness. The findings show that Hispanic/Latino adolescents were less likely to experience homelessness compared with white adolescents. The results point to the important risk and protective factors that can be assessed at treatment entry to identify adolescents at greater risk of experiencing their first episode of homelessness. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25884
Authors
DiGuiseppi, G.T., Davis, J.P., Leightley, D., Rice, E.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Adolescent Health

Volume new
66
Year published new
2020
Availability

Human Trafficking and Child Welfare: A Guide for Caseworkers

Human Trafficking and Child Welfare: A Guide for Caseworkers
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Children’s Bureau looks at how child welfare caseworkers can identify and support children and youth who are victims of human trafficking and those who are at increased risk for victimization. It provides background information about the issue, strategies caseworkers can use to identify and support victims and potential victims, and tools and resources to assist them in this effort.

Accession number
25749
Type new
Brief
Organization

Childrens Bureau

Series
Bulletin for Professionals
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/trafficking_caseworkers.pdf

Experiences of Female Sex Trafficking Survivors: A Phenomenological Analysis

Experiences of Female Sex Trafficking Survivors: A Phenomenological Analysis
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article presents a study that sought to explore the experiences of 15 female survivors of sex trafficking who shared their stories on equalitynow.org. Using phenomenology, the study of consciousness and direct experiences, the researchers analyzed the experiences of female survivors of sexual human trafficking and how they processed those experiences. The analysis resulted in six themes and 10 subthemes that describe the lived experiences of female survivors of sex trafficking. The researchers discuss clinical implications and future research recommendations.

Accession number
25639
Authors
Sukach, T., Gonzalez, N., Pickens, J.C.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

The Qualitative Report

Volume new
23
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol23/iss6/10/

A Social Capital Approach to Identifying Correlates of Perceived Social Support Among Homeless Youth

A Social Capital Approach to Identifying Correlates of Perceived Social Support Among Homeless Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that sought to characterize the social support networks of homeless youth and identify salient correlates of these different sources of social support. The authors recruited a sample of 1,046 youth, ages 13 to 24, from three homeless youth drop-in centers in Los Angeles. The participants completed a computerized self-administered survey and a social network interview. The researchers examined whether homelessness backgrounds, victimization experiences, and risky behaviors were associated with different emotional and instrumental forms of social capital. They defined social capital as the ability of homeless youth to accumulate resources through their personal relationships. Among this sample, the rates of emotional support were greater than instrumental support; however, the rates of overall social capital were low, with only about 25 percent reporting support from any one source. These findings suggest the need for careful consideration of support systems when providing services to homeless youth. Specifically, it may be important to assess the common supports used by youth to help them develop and maintain their social networks. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25512
Authors
Barman-Adhikari, A., Bowen, E., Bender, K., Brown, S., Rice, E.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Child and Youth Care Forum

Volume new
45
Year published new
2016
Availability

Article available for download online at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10566-016-9352-3

A Six-Year Analysis of Sex Traffickers of Minors: Exploring Characteristics and Sex Trafficking Patterns

A Six-Year Analysis of Sex Traffickers of Minors: Exploring Characteristics and Sex Trafficking Patterns
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Arizona School of Social Work Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research, in collaboration with The McCain Institute for International Leadership, published this report about their study that uses a systematic search method to determine the incidence of arrests for sex trafficking of a minor in the United States from 2010 to 2015. The researchers collected data through a structured online search that produced a six-year picture of the arrests of the specific charge of sex trafficking of minors. The findings from this report include individual and case details including characteristics of the sex traffickers (i.e., age, gender, race, professions, and gang involvement), details about how they recruited and victimized their minor victims, and information about their case resolution. The researchers developed a web-based information dashboard to visualize the six-year data and to allow for visual comparisons by state and over time. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25692
Authors
Roe-Sepowitz, D., Gallagher, J., Hogan, K., Ward, T., Denecour, N., Bracy, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Arizona State University School of Social Work Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge on the ASU Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research website at: https://socialwork.asu.edu/sites/default/files/ASU-Sex-Traffickers-of-M…