Skip to main content
National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Trafficking

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses how the juvenile justice system has generally handled domestic child sex trafficking (DCST) cases and how victim-centered approaches are now emerging from the field. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges interviewed judges from different areas of the country, both urban and rural, who have implemented court-based reforms for DCST cases. This report presents the major themes and lessons learned from these interviews and serves as a practical guide for judges who wish to improve outcomes for the children and youth involved in their DCST cases.

Accession number
25755
Authors
Bohannan, T., Cullen, C., Devault, A., Ely, C., Siegel, G., Trescher, S.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Series
Technical Assistance Bulletin
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCJFCJ website at: https://www.ncjfcj.org/DCST-Judicial-Voices

Toolkit for Building Survivor-Informed Organizations

Toolkit for Building Survivor-Informed Organizations
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This toolkit from the National Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance Center (NHTTA), a service of the ACF Office on Trafficking in Persons, is a collection of new and existing resources that build organizational capacity to collaborate with and support staff, volunteers, and consultants working for survivor advocacy. This toolkit is for anti-trafficking organizations, coalitions, task forces, volunteer programs, and other organizations who support those impacted by human trafficking. NHTTA plans to expand this toolkit continually using feedback from diverse stakeholders.

Accession number
25743
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

National Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance Center

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the OTIP website at: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/otip/resource/nhttacorgtoolkit

The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States

The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

To compile the largest data set on human trafficking in the United States, Polaris analyzed more than 32,000 cases of human trafficking documented between December 2007 and December 2016 through its operation of the National Human Trafficking Hotline and the BeFree Textline. From this data analysis, the researchers developed a classification system that identifies 25 types of human trafficking throughout the United States including escort services, domestic work, traveling sales crews, peddling and begging, agriculture, pornography, and commercial cleaning services, among others. Each category has its own business model, trafficker and victim profiles, recruitment strategies, and control methods that facilitate human trafficking. Using this research, stakeholders can begin to develop strategic campaigns to spur systematic action, unite disparate efforts, allocate limited resources, and facilitate effective interventions to combat this traditionally low-risk, high-profit crime. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25509
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2017
Availability

Full report available on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/sites/default/files/Polaris-Typology-of-Mode…

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project looks at existing state criminal record relief laws for survivors of human trafficking. Many survivors have arrest records and court documents for offenses stemming from their victimization in the commercial sex industry or labor sectors. As a result, survivors face barriers that affect their independence, stability, and safety. The authors assess the effectiveness of each state’s current laws, if any, and provide recommendations for improving and implementing meaningful laws to help survivors. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25746
Authors
Marsh, E., Anthony, B., Emerson, J., Mogulescu, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/criminal-record-relief-laws-survivors-human-…

Screening for Human Trafficking among Homeless Young Adults

Screening for Human Trafficking among Homeless Young Adults
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop a screening tool for sex trafficking, labor trafficking, or both among homeless young adults. It also looked at whether homeless youth who have experienced trafficking have different needs than those who have not. The researchers pretested a screening tool with 307 participants, ages 18 to 22, who were receiving services from Covenant House in New Jersey. From this testing, they validated Quick Youth Indicators for Trafficking (QYIT), a user-friendly screening tool that does not require trafficking expertise to administer in the field. During this process, the researchers found that labor trafficking is a significant form of trafficking among homeless youth. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25754
Authors
Chisolm-Straker, M., Sze, J., Einbond, J., White, J., Stoklosa, H.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Children and Youth Services Review

Volume new
98
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download from journal homepage at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190740918307540?via…

Responding to Youth Homelessness: A Key Strategy for Preventing Human Trafficking

Responding to Youth Homelessness: A Key Strategy for Preventing Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The National Network for Youth (NN4Y) released this white paper as a call to action to prevent youth homelessness as a key strategy to also prevent human trafficking given the high rate of co-occurrence. Multiple studies indicate that 19 to 40 percent of youth and young adults experiencing homelessness are also victims of trafficking. The author compiles and summarizes current research about the prevalence of youth homelessness and labor and sex trafficking and discusses some of the common pathways and circumstances that make youth vulnerable to both homelessness and trafficking. The paper outlines the organization’s recommendations for policymakers, educators, youth service providers, and law enforcement to prevent young people from experiencing homelessness or trafficking and specifies what vulnerable youth need to avoid being trafficked.

Accession number
25623
Authors
Pilnik, L.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Network for Youth

Year published new
2018
Availability

Full text available for free on the National Network for Youth website: https://www.nn4youth.org/wp-content/uploads/NN4Y-2018-white-paper-human…

Part V: Missing School Due to Safety Concerns

Part V: Missing School Due to Safety Concerns
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This research brief from SchoolHouse Connection looks at demographic and risk factor data of high school students experiencing homelessness compared with students not experiencing homelessness. It uses the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) results from 17 states during the 2016-2017 school year. According to these data, more than 28% of students experiencing homelessness miss school due to safety concerns, which is nearly five times higher compared with their stably housed peers. These safety concerns include navigating through dangerous neighborhoods, often before sunrise and after dark, and being bullied by their classmates. This brief provides action steps schools can take to help these students feel safe and increase their attendance.

Accession number
25806
Type new
Brief
Organization

Schoolhouse Connection

Series
Student Homelessness: Lessons from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the SchoolHouse Connection website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/YRBS-m…

On-Ramps, Intersections, and Exit Routes: A Roadmap for Systems and Industries to Prevent and Disrupt Human Trafficking

On-Ramps, Intersections, and Exit Routes: A Roadmap for Systems and Industries to Prevent and Disrupt Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project discusses how human trafficking business models attempt to intersect with and use legitimate businesses to recruit and exploit victims. These legitimate business industries include financial services, social media, hospitality, transportation, health care, and housing and homelessness systems. This report, a follow-up to The Typology of Modern Slavery, also looks at how victims can work with the same business systems to help free themselves from trafficking and begin to rebuild their lives. Polaris examines how businesses could help prevent and impede trafficking and provide aid to survivors. The report includes ideas and personal narratives shared with the authors by survivors of trafficking.

Accession number
25745
Authors
Anthony, B.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2018
Availability

Full report available for free on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/sites/default/files/A%20Roadmap%20for%20Syst…

Implementation of Human Trafficking Education and Treatment Algorithm in the Emergency Department

Implementation of Human Trafficking Education and Treatment Algorithm in the Emergency Department
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a project to implement a screening system and treatment algorithm in an emergency department (ED) to improve the identification and rescue of human trafficking victims. After conducting a literature review on human trafficking, a multidisciplinary team completed a gap analysis between evidence-based best practices and current practices of a level 2 trauma center at a community hospital in southwestern Pennsylvania. The project ED had no standardized education or screening process for human trafficking. The project used a two-pronged identification approach that included embedding medical red flags from a risk-assessment tool into the electronic medical record and creating a silent notification process. Survey results from the ED participants indicated 75 percent reported that the education improved their competence level about human trafficking. The team assessed the success of implementation by the number of victims whom ED staff identified through either approach and how many accepted intervention.

Accession number
25585
Authors
Egyud, A., Stephens, K., Swanson-Bierman, B., DiCuccio, M., Whiteman, K.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Emergency Nursing

Series
Practice Improvement
Volume new
43
Year published new
2017
Availability

Full-text article available for free download at: https://www.jenonline.org/article/S0099-1767(17)30041-7/pdf

Human Trafficking and Child Welfare: A Guide for Caseworkers

Human Trafficking and Child Welfare: A Guide for Caseworkers
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Children’s Bureau looks at how child welfare caseworkers can identify and support children and youth who are victims of human trafficking and those who are at increased risk for victimization. It provides background information about the issue, strategies caseworkers can use to identify and support victims and potential victims, and tools and resources to assist them in this effort.

Accession number
25749
Type new
Brief
Organization

Childrens Bureau

Series
Bulletin for Professionals
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/trafficking_caseworkers.pdf