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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

State Policy

Supporting Young People Transitioning from Foster Care: Findings from a National Survey

Supporting Young People Transitioning from Foster Care: Findings from a National Survey
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Prepared for the Better Housing Coalition and Children’s Society of Virginia, this report from Child Trends focuses on older youth transitioning from foster care using federal outcome data and findings from a policy scan and national survey on services targeted to this population. The authors present the information in six key services areas: post-secondary education, employment/career development, financial capability, affordable housing, health/ mental health care, and permanent relationships with supportive adults. They offer the following recommendations based on the areas of strength for Virginia: keep monitoring data to inform decision making, build strong relationships across the state, and connect with similarly situated states. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25773
Authors
Fryar, G., Jordan, E., DeVooght, K
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Child Trends

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Trends website at: https://www.childtrends.org/publications/supporting-young-people-transi…

State Index on Youth Homelessness

State Index on Youth Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

In partnership with the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty, the True Colors Fund developed the State Index on Youth Homelessness (the Index) as a summary of some of the legal, systemic, and environmental barriers youth experiencing homelessness face. The Index looks at 61 metrics in all 50 states and District of Columbia. The metrics evaluate each state’s laws and policies, systems, and environments that affect youth experiencing homelessness and influence state policy and program implementation. The Index provides recommendations for each state on how to better protect the safety, development, health, and dignity of youth experiencing homelessness.

Accession number
25677
Authors
Rush, J., Santos, M.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

True Colors Fund and the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the True Colors Fund website at: https://truecolorsfund.org/index/

Pay for Success Feasibility Tool Kit: Considerations for State and Local Leaders

Pay for Success Feasibility Tool Kit: Considerations for State and Local Leaders
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This toolkit from the US Department of Education provides general information about Pay for Success (PFS) projects, which are projects that support evidence-based approaches by leveraging private investment to address societal problems and challenges while typically using government funds only when a project meets measurable, positive outcomes. This toolkit is an introductory guide for state and local governments and other stakeholders interested in exploring the possibility of a PFS project for education or related societal issues. It provides information to support stakeholders in determining if PFS is a viable financing strategy for them, lays out steps usually involved in conducting a feasibility study, and highlights critical questions and important safeguards to consider in using PFS. The Appendix includes tools that may be useful for PFS projects, including definitions of terms used throughout the document.

Accession number
25688
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the US Department of Education website at: https://www2.ed.gov/about/inits/ed/pay-for-success/pay-for-success-tool…

Opening Doors for Young Parents

Opening Doors for Young Parents
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Annie E. Casey Foundation focuses on the barriers facing teens and young adults who are parenting. It presents national and state-level data about challenges related to housing instability, health concerns, delayed education, and limited employment options that affect these young parents and their children. The report provides recommendations for local, state, and federal policymakers to combine and target resources available to all parents and young people to close any gaps in services for young families. It highlights existing programs that support young families. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25784
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Anne E. Casey Foundation

Series
Policy Report Kids Count
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the AECF website at: https://www.aecf.org/resources/opening-doors-for-young-parents/

No Barriers: A Legal Advocates Guide to Ensuring Compliance with the Education Program of the McKinney-Vento Law

No Barriers: A Legal Advocates Guide to Ensuring Compliance with the Education Program of the McKinney-Vento Law
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This manual provides legal advocates an understanding of the relevant provisions of the McKinney-Vento Act and the tools needed to implement these legal protections for homeless children and youth. The first section summarizes the key concepts and provisions of McKinney-Vento as well as the appellate process for homeless students who receive adverse determinations from their school systems. In addition, the manual delineates the responsibilities of state educational agencies (SEAs) and local educational agencies (LEAs). The second section covers other federal and state education laws, initiatives, and resources that are relevant to helping homeless children and youth succeed in school. The third section focuses on specific populations of homeless children and youth who may face additional barriers to their education. The fourth section outlines challenges to implementing, enforcing, and complying with McKinney-Vento. The criminalization of youth homelessness is also addressed. The fifth section is a compliance list of dos and don’ts to avoid expensive and time-consuming litigation. The last section on lessons learned from previous litigation presents case summaries related to procedural and substantive issues. 

Accession number
25466
Authors
National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Year published new
2016
Availability

The full document is available for free download on the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty website at: https://www.nlchp.org/documents/NoBarriers

Implementing Change: State and Local Governments Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice

Implementing Change: State and Local Governments Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) developed this issue brief to help state and local governments better understand their role in addressing the intersections between juvenile justice and youth homelessness. It includes principle and practice recommendations from CJJ for government leaders to help prevent young people from experiencing homelessness or being criminalized for behaviors that stem from a lack of stable housing. CJJ includes local examples from communities that demonstrate the Principles for Change.

Accession number
25698
Type new
Brief
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Series
Implementing Change
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/State%20an…

Housing Not Handcuffs: Ending the Criminalization of Homelessness in U.S. Cities

Housing Not Handcuffs: Ending the Criminalization of Homelessness in U.S. Cities
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty (the Law Center) provides an overview of criminalization measures in effect across the country and looks at trends in the criminalization of homelessness, based on an analysis of the laws in 187 cities that the Law Center has tracked since 2006. This report analyzes local trends related to the enforcement of these laws and describes the growing federal trend to oppose and discourage local criminalization policies and practices. Next, the report discusses the ineffectiveness of laws criminally or civilly punishing life-sustaining activities among those experiencing homelessness, the cost of these laws to taxpayers, and how they often violate homeless persons’ constitutional and human rights. Finally, the Law Center recommends alternative practices for federal, state, and local governments to address the problem of visible homelessness in a sensible, humane, and legal way. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25720
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Law Center on Homelessness

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Law Centers website at: https://nlchp.org//wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Housing-Not-Handcuffs.pdf

Fostering Youth Transitions: Using Data to Drive Policy and Practice Decisions

Fostering Youth Transitions: Using Data to Drive Policy and Practice Decisions
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Annie E. Casey Foundation draws on national and state-level data to illustrate the challenges of young people who are in the foster care system. Data indicate that half of older teens age out without reuniting or connecting with family, one-third move from home to foster care multiple times, half have multiple placements, one-third stay in group homes or institutions, and less than a quarter receive adequate transition services. This report is designed to show state policymakers and other key stakeholders the need for better policies and practices to help improve outcomes for young people in foster care.

Accession number
25654
Type new
Brief
Organization

Annie E. Casey Foundation

Series
Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the Annie E. Casey Foundation website at: https://www.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-fosteringyouthtransitions-2018…

Building Systems of Integrated Student Support: A Policy Brief for Local and State Leaders

Building Systems of Integrated Student Support: A Policy Brief for Local and State Leaders
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Center for Promise at Boston University in collaboration with the Center for Optimized Student Support at Boston College provides an overview of how integrated student support (ISS) systems help promote academic success and improve life outcomes by removing barriers and coordinating services and resources. The brief provides policymakers and stakeholders at the state and local levels with policy recommendations and guidance about ISS for children, youth, and families. This brief includes examples of ISS systems implemented at state and local levels.

Accession number
25723
Authors
J. Wasser Gish
Type new
Brief
Organization

Americas Promise Alliance

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Americas Promise Alliance website at: https://www.americaspromise.org/resource/building-systems-integrated-st…

Addressing the Intersections of Juvenile Justice Involvement and Youth Homelessness: Principles for Change

Addressing the Intersections of Juvenile Justice Involvement and Youth Homelessness: Principles for Change
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses the intersection between system-involved youth and runaway and homeless youth. It cites data from interviews with 656 runaway and homeless youth (ages 14 to 21) in 11 cities that show nearly 78 percent of the participants had at least one interaction with law enforcement. In addition, 7 percent of survey participants directly attributed their first homelessness experience with exiting jail or prison. In Part I of the report, the authors describe each of the 10 Principles of Change developed by the Coalition for Juvenile Justice in collaboration with the National Network for Youth and the National League of Cities Institute for Youth, Education, and Families. The principles provide a roadmap for communities to help young people avoid experiencing juvenile justice system involvement or youth homelessness. In Part II, the report gives specific resources and examples related to each Principle of Change. Appendix I outlines a case study of Davidson County, Tennessee, as a juvenile court system working to decriminalize and address youth homelessness. Appendix II describes state-level efforts in Maryland, South Carolina, and Vermont that focus on homelessness among system-involved youth. 

Accession number
25457
Authors
Pilnik, L., Bardine, D., Furr, L., Maury, M., Sickmund, M., Smoot, N., Szanyi, J,
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Year published new
2018
Availability

Full report available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/ckfinder/files/FINAL%20Pr…