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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

State-Level

Understanding the Differences in How Adolescents Leave Foster Care

Understanding the Differences in How Adolescents Leave Foster Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This policy brief from Chapin Hall explores how young people leave foster care among those who first enter care between ages 13 and 17. The researchers used data from a longitudinal foster care archive of approximately 3 million children nationwide. They analyzed reasons for leaving care by age at first admission and by placement history. They found that age at entry and placement history are both linked to youth outcomes. For example, teenagers who first enter care at age 15 have the highest chance of running away and are less likely to reach permanency than those who entered care earlier in their adolescence, in part because they are more likely to reach the age of majority while in care. Similarly, the types and configuration of placements and the number of placement changes affect the chances of youth reaching permanency or running away while in foster care.

Accession number
25762
Authors
Wulczyn, F., Huhr, S., Schmits, F., Wilkins, A.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
The Center for State Child Welfare Data
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/Understanding-the-Differe…

This Is How Im Going to Make a Life for Myself: An Analysis of FAFSA Data and Barriers to Financial Aid for Unaccompanied Homeless Youth

This Is How Im Going to Make a Life for Myself: An Analysis of FAFSA Data and Barriers to Financial Aid for Unaccompanied Homeless Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from SchoolHouse Connection looks at the challenges that many unaccompanied homeless students encounter when they apply for federal financial aid. Using data from the U.S. Department of Education, the report outlines ongoing barriers such as the definition of “youth” for 22- and 23-year-olds and required homeless determination from school districts, homeless service providers, or post-secondary institutions. This report provides state-level data and recommendations for policy and practice changes going forward.

Accession number
25803
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Schoolhouse Connection

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the SchoolHouse Connection website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/new-report-highlights-fafsa-chall…

Supporting Young People Transitioning from Foster Care: Findings from a National Survey

Supporting Young People Transitioning from Foster Care: Findings from a National Survey
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Prepared for the Better Housing Coalition and Children’s Society of Virginia, this report from Child Trends focuses on older youth transitioning from foster care using federal outcome data and findings from a policy scan and national survey on services targeted to this population. The authors present the information in six key services areas: post-secondary education, employment/career development, financial capability, affordable housing, health/ mental health care, and permanent relationships with supportive adults. They offer the following recommendations based on the areas of strength for Virginia: keep monitoring data to inform decision making, build strong relationships across the state, and connect with similarly situated states. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25773
Authors
Fryar, G., Jordan, E., DeVooght, K
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Child Trends

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Trends website at: https://www.childtrends.org/publications/supporting-young-people-transi…

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project looks at existing state criminal record relief laws for survivors of human trafficking. Many survivors have arrest records and court documents for offenses stemming from their victimization in the commercial sex industry or labor sectors. As a result, survivors face barriers that affect their independence, stability, and safety. The authors assess the effectiveness of each state’s current laws, if any, and provide recommendations for improving and implementing meaningful laws to help survivors. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25746
Authors
Marsh, E., Anthony, B., Emerson, J., Mogulescu, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/criminal-record-relief-laws-survivors-human-…

State Index on Youth Homelessness

State Index on Youth Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

In partnership with the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty, the True Colors Fund developed the State Index on Youth Homelessness (the Index) as a summary of some of the legal, systemic, and environmental barriers youth experiencing homelessness face. The Index looks at 61 metrics in all 50 states and District of Columbia. The metrics evaluate each state’s laws and policies, systems, and environments that affect youth experiencing homelessness and influence state policy and program implementation. The Index provides recommendations for each state on how to better protect the safety, development, health, and dignity of youth experiencing homelessness.

Accession number
25677
Authors
Rush, J., Santos, M.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

True Colors Fund and the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the True Colors Fund website at: https://truecolorsfund.org/index/

Results of the Support Systems for Rural Homeless Youth (SSRHY) Demonstration Projects 2008-2015

Results of the Support Systems for Rural Homeless Youth (SSRHY) Demonstration Projects 2008-2015
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Family and Youth Services Bureau (FSYB) presents the results from a collaborative initiative with the Children’s Bureau called the Support Systems (SSRHY) for Rural Homeless Youth: A Collaborative State and Local Demonstration. This initiative focused on improving the circumstances of rural youth by strengthening their connection to support services, community, education, and employment. The SSRHY Demonstration funded six projects in rural areas of Colorado, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Vermont. Each project worked with transition age youth who had few or no connections to supportive family structures or community support systems. The report outlines the key findings from each project related to collaboration, services, and youth outcomes.

Accession number
25669
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Family and Youth Services Bureau

Year published new
2018
Availability

Full report available free of charge on the FYSB website at: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/fysb/resource/results-of-ssrhy-demonstration-pr…

Pay for Success Project Assessment Tool

Pay for Success Project Assessment Tool
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Urban Institute designed this toolkit for individuals, governments, and organizations currently working on a pay for success (PFS) project or considering initiating a PFS project. This assessment tool describes the core elements of PFS projects and explains the importance of each core element. It also provides stakeholders with a scoring system to help distinguish the strengths and weaknesses of a proposed project and generates recommendations for remedying any weaknesses. Stakeholders can use this tool at any stage of project development. Completing this assessment also helps build the business case for a proposed project that scores well in each area.

Accession number
25689
Authors
Milner, J., Eldridge, M., Walsh, K., Roman, J.K.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Urban Institute

Series
Pay for Success Initiative
Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the Urban Institute website at: https://pfs.urban.org/library/pfs-guidance-briefs-and-reports/content/p…

Memo from CalYOUTH: Early Findings on the Impact of Extended Foster Care on Foster Youths Postsecondary Education Enrollment and Persistence

Memo from CalYOUTH: Early Findings on the Impact of Extended Foster Care on Foster Youths Postsecondary Education Enrollment and Persistence
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from Chapin Hall presents a study using data from a large sample of youth from California child welfare records to estimate the impact of extended foster care on postsecondary education outcomes. The sample includes youth who were in the child welfare system before and after the state of California extended foster care to age 21. The study looks at three outcomes: enrollment by age 21, persistence by age 21, and the number of semesters completed by age 21. The researchers found that extended foster care increases the likelihood that youth under supervised care will enroll in postsecondary education before turning 21 but does not increase the rates of persistence or the number of semesters completed among this youth population. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25736
Authors
Okpych, N.J., Park, S., Courtney, M.E.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/CalYouth-College-Enrollme…

Measuring Success: Accountability for Alternative Education

Measuring Success: Accountability for Alternative Education
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

In this brief, the American Youth Policy Forum, in collaboration with Civic Enterprises, discusses alternative education and how states can develop accountability systems that accurately measure the quality of alternative settings. It also discusses how states can use accountability as a tool for ongoing improvement of alternative education.

Accession number
25708
Authors
Deeds, C., DePaoli, J.
Type new
Brief
Organization

American Youth Policy Forum

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the AYPF website at: https://www.aypf.org/resource/measuring-success/

Human Trafficking: Coordinating Resources

Human Trafficking: Coordinating Resources
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Children’s Bureau shares what grantees have learned about coordinating specialized resources and services for child and youth victims of trafficking at the state and local levels. They suggest focusing on broad-based awareness, establishing regional and statewide multidisciplinary teams, and sharing information to build service capacity. The brief highlights two programs successfully coordinating resources in their communities.

Accession number
25834
Type new
Brief
Organization

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Childrens Bureau

Series
Grantee Lessons Learned
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/trafficking_resources.pdf