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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

State Laws

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses how the juvenile justice system has generally handled domestic child sex trafficking (DCST) cases and how victim-centered approaches are now emerging from the field. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges interviewed judges from different areas of the country, both urban and rural, who have implemented court-based reforms for DCST cases. This report presents the major themes and lessons learned from these interviews and serves as a practical guide for judges who wish to improve outcomes for the children and youth involved in their DCST cases.

Accession number
25755
Authors
Bohannan, T., Cullen, C., Devault, A., Ely, C., Siegel, G., Trescher, S.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Series
Technical Assistance Bulletin
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCJFCJ website at: https://www.ncjfcj.org/DCST-Judicial-Voices

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project looks at existing state criminal record relief laws for survivors of human trafficking. Many survivors have arrest records and court documents for offenses stemming from their victimization in the commercial sex industry or labor sectors. As a result, survivors face barriers that affect their independence, stability, and safety. The authors assess the effectiveness of each state’s current laws, if any, and provide recommendations for improving and implementing meaningful laws to help survivors. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25746
Authors
Marsh, E., Anthony, B., Emerson, J., Mogulescu, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/criminal-record-relief-laws-survivors-human-…

State Laws Supporting College Students Experiencing Homelessness

State Laws Supporting College Students Experiencing Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide provides information about existing state laws that help college students who are experiencing homelessness. Both California and Louisiana require the designation of single points of contact in public colleges and universities. These two states also mandate housing priority be granted to current and former foster care and homeless students. In addition, California law requires priority enrollment for these students. California, Florida, and Maryland offer different tuition and fee waivers to attend college. Colorado and Louisiana have laws related to in-state tuition. As of February 2017, Texas was developing legislation to support students dealing with homelessness. 

Accession number
25454
Authors
Schoolhouse Connection
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Schoolhouse Connection website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/stateh…

State Laws on High School Graduation for Students Experiencing Homelessness

State Laws on High School Graduation for Students Experiencing Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide provides information about how the federal Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) law of 2015 focuses on high school graduation among students who experience homelessness. A list of amendments to the law related to state requirements for homeless students is included. It provides a summary of existing state laws that complement federal requirements from California, New Mexico, Texas, and Washington. 

Accession number
25453
Authors
Schoolhouse Connection
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Schoolhouse Connection website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/statec…

State Index on Youth Homelessness

State Index on Youth Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

In partnership with the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty, the True Colors Fund developed the State Index on Youth Homelessness (the Index) as a summary of some of the legal, systemic, and environmental barriers youth experiencing homelessness face. The Index looks at 61 metrics in all 50 states and District of Columbia. The metrics evaluate each state’s laws and policies, systems, and environments that affect youth experiencing homelessness and influence state policy and program implementation. The Index provides recommendations for each state on how to better protect the safety, development, health, and dignity of youth experiencing homelessness.

Accession number
25677
Authors
Rush, J., Santos, M.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

True Colors Fund and the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the True Colors Fund website at: https://truecolorsfund.org/index/

Responding to Trauma Through Policies to Create Supportive Learning Environments

Responding to Trauma Through Policies to Create Supportive Learning Environments
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Child Trends published this brief to help state policymakers and educators develop supportive learning environments that meet the needs of students with a history of traumatic experiences and ensure that all students succeed in school. The authors define a supportive learning environment as a school that provides a safe and positive school culture and climate and attends to the physical, mental, social, emotional, and academic needs of all students. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25713
Authors
Harper, K., Temkin, D.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Child Trends

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Trends website at: https://www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/RespondingTrauma…

No Barriers: A Legal Advocates Guide to Ensuring Compliance with the Education Program of the McKinney-Vento Law

No Barriers: A Legal Advocates Guide to Ensuring Compliance with the Education Program of the McKinney-Vento Law
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This manual provides legal advocates an understanding of the relevant provisions of the McKinney-Vento Act and the tools needed to implement these legal protections for homeless children and youth. The first section summarizes the key concepts and provisions of McKinney-Vento as well as the appellate process for homeless students who receive adverse determinations from their school systems. In addition, the manual delineates the responsibilities of state educational agencies (SEAs) and local educational agencies (LEAs). The second section covers other federal and state education laws, initiatives, and resources that are relevant to helping homeless children and youth succeed in school. The third section focuses on specific populations of homeless children and youth who may face additional barriers to their education. The fourth section outlines challenges to implementing, enforcing, and complying with McKinney-Vento. The criminalization of youth homelessness is also addressed. The fifth section is a compliance list of dos and don’ts to avoid expensive and time-consuming litigation. The last section on lessons learned from previous litigation presents case summaries related to procedural and substantive issues. 

Accession number
25466
Authors
National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Year published new
2016
Availability

The full document is available for free download on the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty website at: https://www.nlchp.org/documents/NoBarriers

Implementing Change: The State Advisory Groups Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice

Implementing Change: The State Advisory Groups Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) developed this issue brief to help State Advisory Groups (SAGs) better understand their role in addressing the intersections between juvenile justice and youth homelessness. CJJ encourages SAGs to educate state lawmakers and local agencies about the intersection of these two issues, undertake research to improve policies and practices, and partner with organizations to reduce criminalization for unstably housed youth and prevent homelessness among system-involved youth.

Accession number
25697
Type new
Brief
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Series
Implementing Change
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/State%20Ad…

Implementing Change: State and Local Governments Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice

Implementing Change: State and Local Governments Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) developed this issue brief to help state and local governments better understand their role in addressing the intersections between juvenile justice and youth homelessness. It includes principle and practice recommendations from CJJ for government leaders to help prevent young people from experiencing homelessness or being criminalized for behaviors that stem from a lack of stable housing. CJJ includes local examples from communities that demonstrate the Principles for Change.

Accession number
25698
Type new
Brief
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Series
Implementing Change
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/State%20an…

Implementing Change: Law Enforcements Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice

Implementing Change: Law Enforcements Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) developed this issue brief to help law enforcement better understand its role in addressing the intersections between juvenile justice and youth homelessness. It provides recommendations based on the CJJ Principles for Change and highlights local examples of successful implementation of these recommendations. CJJ contends that through proper training and by collaborating with local leaders, homeless programs, juvenile justice agencies, and other stakeholders, law enforcement can play an important role in improving outcomes for vulnerable youth and ensuring that young people do not experience homelessness as a result of justice involvement, or come into contact with the system as a result of their lack of stable and secure housing.

Accession number
25696
Type new
Brief
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Series
Implementing Change
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/Law%20Enfo…