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Using a Person-Centered Approach to Examine the Impact of Homelessness on School Absences

Using a Person-Centered Approach to Examine the Impact of Homelessness on School Absences
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that used a person-centered approach to compare the number of school absences of homeless students with their housed peers. The researchers designed this study to test the theory that homeless students often miss an inordinate amount of school days and are thought to be at the end of the “continuum of poverty.” Using school administrative data collected over one school year for an entire school district, the researchers found that homeless children as an aggregate do not miss significantly more days of school than housed students receiving free lunch. However, they found that homelessness and poverty dramatically increase the number of absences for children who are in the higher percentiles of absences, meaning homelessness has a greater impact on those who miss more days of school in general compared with regular attendees. Findings from this study indicate that homelessness may exacerbate problems rather than cause them. The researchers discuss implications for practice and propose directions for future study. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25542
Authors
Canfield, J.P., Nolan, J., Harley, D., Hardy, A., Elliott, W.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal

Volume new
33
Year published new
2016
Availability

This Is Housing First for Youth: A Program Model Guide

This Is Housing First for Youth: A Program Model Guide
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide provides information about the Housing First for Youth (HF4Y) program model. HF4Y is a rights-based intervention developed in Canada for young people (ages 13 to 24) who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless. The program is designed to provide immediate access to safe, affordable, and appropriate housing. This guide describes the program’s five core principles: a right to housing without preconditions; youth choice, youth voice, and self-determination; positive youth development and wellness orientation; individualized, client-driven supports with no time limits; and social inclusion and community integration. It also includes sections about service delivery and data management, as well as three program case studies. The guide defines the HF4Y program and philosophy and delineates it from the original Housing First movement that focuses on the adult homeless population. The author outlines the types of housing, called models of accommodation, which are consistent with the HF4Y program framework. In addition, the guide includes the range of supports beyond housing for youth who participate in an HF4Y program. These supports are in the following areas: health, well-being, life skills, employment, education, and socialization.

Accession number
25451
Authors
Gaetz, S.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Canadian Observatory on Homelessness

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Canadian Observatory on Homelessness website at: http://homelesshub.ca/sites/default/files/COH-AWH-HF4Y.pdf

Student Homelessness in New York City: School Instability Factors

Student Homelessness in New York City: School Instability Factors
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness (ICPH) is part of its Student Homelessness in New York City series. In this report, ICPH looks at disruptions that often coincide with the experience of housing stability, such as mid-year transfers and chronic absenteeism, can threaten the educational stability. Consequently, these school instability factors may negatively affect academic performance and ruin a student’s ability to graduate. This report focuses on mid-year transfers and chronic absenteeism and how to support students experiencing homelessness so they can fully experience the same educational opportunities as their housed peers. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25726
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the ICPH website at: https://www.icphusa.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/SH_SchoolInstability…

Student Homelessness in New York City: Disparities in Academic Achievement

Student Homelessness in New York City: Disparities in Academic Achievement
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness (ICPH) is part of its Student Homelessness in New York City series. In this report, ICPH looks at the disparities in academic performance between students who have experienced homelessness and their housed peers using data from state-mandated English Language Arts (ELA) and math exams. Homeless students were more likely to score at the lowest performance level on state assessments. ICPH determined that attendance and school instability are two of the strongest factors correlated with student performance. This disparity in academic performance leaves homeless students at a disadvantage to prepare adequately for future coursework and eventually graduate from high school. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25858
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Institute for Children, Poverty & Homelessness

Series
Student Homelessness in New York City
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the ICPH website at: https://www.icphusa.org/reports/disparities-in-academic-achievement/

Partnering to Support Educational Success for Runaway and Homeless Youth

Partnering to Support Educational Success for Runaway and Homeless Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) provides an overview of the federal Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) and Runaway and Homeless Youth (RHY) programs and reviews the McKinney-Vento and Runway and Homeless Youth Act requirements related to cross-systems collaboration. NCHE suggests strategies to promote cross-system collaboration to support the education of runaway and homeless youth. The brief includes two partnership profiles and additional resources.

Accession number
25721
Type new
Brief
Organization

National Center for Homeless Education

Series
Best Practices in Interagency Collaboration Brief Series
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCHE website at: https://nche.ed.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/rhy-lea-collab.pdf

Implementing Change: The State Advisory Groups Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice

Implementing Change: The State Advisory Groups Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) developed this issue brief to help State Advisory Groups (SAGs) better understand their role in addressing the intersections between juvenile justice and youth homelessness. CJJ encourages SAGs to educate state lawmakers and local agencies about the intersection of these two issues, undertake research to improve policies and practices, and partner with organizations to reduce criminalization for unstably housed youth and prevent homelessness among system-involved youth.

Accession number
25697
Type new
Brief
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Series
Implementing Change
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/State%20Ad…

Implementing Change: School Personnels Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice

Implementing Change: School Personnels Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) developed this issue brief to help school personnel better understand their role in addressing the intersections between juvenile justice and youth homelessness. It includes principle and practice recommendations from CJJ for administrators, teachers, counseling staff, and other school staff to help prevent young people from experiencing homelessness or being criminalized for behaviors that stem from a lack of stable housing. CJJ contends that by following these guidelines, school personnel and educators can help lessen contact students have with the juvenile justice system and can positively influence youth, the school, and the entire community. 

Accession number
25699
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Series
Implementing Change
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/School%20P…

Homeless Students Count: How States and School Districts Can Comply With the New McKinney-Vento Education Law Post-ESSA

Homeless Students Count: How States and School Districts Can Comply With the New McKinney-Vento Education Law Post-ESSA
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide discusses the issues that state- and school-level educators may encounter in their efforts to fully comply with McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act requirements. Overall, McKinney-Vento guarantees that homeless children and youth are identified, enrolled, attending, and succeeding in school. This guide covers the following issues: 1) insufficient funding to meet educational needs of homeless students, 2) compliance difficulties with inadequate staffing levels and training, 3) lack of technical assistance and training for effective monitoring, 4) school policies and criminal laws that create barriers for homeless students, 5) inconsistent dispute resolution policies across districts, 6) credit accrual problems for highly mobile students, 7) sporadic access to early childhood education, and 8) privacy concerns related to residency verification policies. Recommendations to resolve these issues and to comply with McKinney-Vento are provided.

Accession number
25464
Authors
National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty website at: https://www.nlchp.org/documents/Homeless-Students-Count

Extracurricular Activities and Transportation for Students Experiencing Homelessness

Extracurricular Activities and Transportation for Students Experiencing Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) summarizes key provisions in the McKinney-Vento Assistance Act regarding extracurricular activities for students experiencing homelessness. This resource discusses the requirements of providing transportation to and from these activities and strategies for funding transportation.

Accession number
25703
Type new
Brief
Organization

National Center for Homeless Education

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the NCHE website at: https://nche.ed.gov/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/extra-curr-trans.pdf

Community Saturation Sourcebook: A Field Plan for Youth-Serving Program Providers

Community Saturation Sourcebook: A Field Plan for Youth-Serving Program Providers
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This sourcebook from the FYSB Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program presents a targeted communication strategy for youth-serving providers on how to develop and implement a community saturation approach to promote healthy outcomes for youth. The sourcebook provides a field plan for using community saturation and a how-to guide for planning effective activities.

Accession number
25822
Authors
Research Triangle Institute
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

FYSB Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on The Exchange website at: https://teenpregnancy.acf.hhs.gov/resources/community-saturation-source…