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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Runaway

Understanding the Differences in How Adolescents Leave Foster Care

Understanding the Differences in How Adolescents Leave Foster Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This policy brief from Chapin Hall explores how young people leave foster care among those who first enter care between ages 13 and 17. The researchers used data from a longitudinal foster care archive of approximately 3 million children nationwide. They analyzed reasons for leaving care by age at first admission and by placement history. They found that age at entry and placement history are both linked to youth outcomes. For example, teenagers who first enter care at age 15 have the highest chance of running away and are less likely to reach permanency than those who entered care earlier in their adolescence, in part because they are more likely to reach the age of majority while in care. Similarly, the types and configuration of placements and the number of placement changes affect the chances of youth reaching permanency or running away while in foster care.

Accession number
25762
Authors
Wulczyn, F., Huhr, S., Schmits, F., Wilkins, A.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
The Center for State Child Welfare Data
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/Understanding-the-Differe…

Family Functioning and Predictors of Runaway Behavior Among At-Risk Youth

Family Functioning and Predictors of Runaway Behavior Among At-Risk Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that examined the predictors of runaway behavior among at-risk youth participating in a parent-youth mediation program. The researchers used longitudinal data from 111 at-risk families to identify proximal predictors of runaway behavior over a 12-week period (10 percent of youth in the study ran away during this time). They found that poorer youth- and parent-rated family functioning, past runaway behavior, and other problems (e.g. substance abuse, delinquency) predicted running away. However, poorer perceived academic functioning was not a predictor of running away. The results show a relationship between youth-rated family functioning and runaway behavior. However, this effect became insignificant after accounting for past runaway behavior and other problem behaviors, both of which remained significant predictors. These findings suggest that youth who run away may be engaged in a more pervasive pattern of problematic behavior and that screening and prevention programs need to address the cycle of adolescent defiant behavior associated with running away. The authors discuss recommendations for clinical practice with this at-risk population.

Accession number
25531
Authors
Holliday, S.B., Edelen, M.O., Tucker, J.S.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, CA

Journal Name

Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal

Volume new
34
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available by subscription or article purchase at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10560-016-0459-z

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This volume of the journal Cityscape from the US Department Housing and Urban Development includes a collection of peer-reviewed research on youth homelessness. The stated objective of the journal is to bring high-quality research on housing and community development issues to scholars, government officials, and practitioners. This volume covers housing and homelessness issues related to LGBTQ youth, youth service engagement, out-of-care placements, identity preservation, and coordinated housing programs for juvenile courts. Two additional articles provide information about youth homelessness in Canada and Australia.

Accession number
25665
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research

Journal Name

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research

Volume new
20
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the HUD Office of Policy Development and Research website at: https://www.huduser.gov/portal/periodicals/cityscpe/vol20num3/Cityscape…