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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Resilience

Youth Thrive: Research Briefs and Action Sheets

Youth Thrive: Research Briefs and Action Sheets
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This packet from the Center for the Study of Social Policy provides an overview of the five protective factors from the Youth Thrive curriculum: resilience, social connections, adolescent development, concrete support and services, and cognitive and social-emotional competence. The packet includes an action sheet for service providers on how they can implement each protective factor with youth in their care. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25817
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Center for the Study of Social Policy

Series
Protective and Promotive Factors
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the CSSP website at: https://cssp.org/resource/youth-thrive-research-briefs-action-sheets/

Risk and Resilience: Differences in Risk Factors and Health Outcomes Between Homeless and Non-Homeless Students in 2017 YRBS Data

Risk and Resilience: Differences in Risk Factors and Health Outcomes Between Homeless and Non-Homeless Students in 2017 YRBS Data
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from SchoolHouse Connection presents a study that used 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) data from 17 states. Starting in 2017, YRBS included two questions related to homelessness for the first time since its inception in 1990 by the CDC. The researchers compared seven self-reported risk factors and health outcomes of high school students experiencing homelessness with their housed peers. The findings indicate youth experiencing homelessness have poorer health outcomes and exhibit higher risk behaviors. For instance, homeless youth are more likely to experience dating violence, misuse prescription pain medication, and attempt suicide. This report also includes qualitative data from interviews with 49 young people who participated in the SchoolHouse Connection’s Youth Leadership and Scholarship Program and the National Network for Youth’s National Youth Advisory Council. The researchers outline policies and practices to help school systems improve their implementation of the protections and supports provided to homeless children and youth by federal law.

Accession number
25656
Authors
Brown, K., Duffield, B., Owens, C.R.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Schoolhouse Connection

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the SchoolHouse Connection website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/risk-and-resilience-differences-i…

Project Awareness: Fostering Social Justice Youth Development to Counter Youth Experiences of Housing Instability, Trauma and Injustice

Project Awareness: Fostering Social Justice Youth Development to Counter Youth Experiences of Housing Instability, Trauma and Injustice
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that used Youth Participatory Action Research (YPAR) methods coupled with Social Justice Youth Development with six youth experiencing housing instability who were accessing educational, life skill, and developmental services from a drop-in center in Chicago. The participants were active members of youth-centered research workshops. The study aimed to address three questions: 1) In what ways do current youth programs and policies support and/or limit positive youth development (PYD) among unaccompanied youth experiencing housing instability? 2) How might a YPAR approach support PYD of youth experiencing housing instability? 3) How do factors of housing instability, trauma, and race shape the developmental trajectories of unaccompanied youth aged 18-24? Findings from this study reveal the need for increased funding for community-based, PYD services; consistent, yet flexible workshops for highly mobile youth; and safe spaces in which youth can explore and analyze the sociopolitical contexts shaping their experiences to inform their approaches in navigating various social systems and structures. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25526
Authors
Aviles, A.M., Grigalunas, N.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, College of Education and Human Development, University of Delaware, Newark, DE

Journal Name

Children and Youth Services Review

Volume new
84
Year published new
2018
Availability

Full-text article available for free download at; https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190740917304383

Nothing Is for Free...: Youth Attitudes About Engaging Resources While Unstably Housed

Nothing Is for Free...: Youth Attitudes About Engaging Resources While Unstably Housed
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article presents findings from a national study of 215 youth, ages 13 to 25, experiencing housing instability in five US counties. The researchers used life-course interviews, a housing timeline tool, and background survey data to explore the participants use and rejection of both formal and informal resources. From their analysis, the researchers created a model of “youth logics of engagement” that shaped how youth interpreted the costs versus benefits of using available resources. The model includes the interrelated factors of identity protection, accumulated experience, and personal agency. The researchers contend youth may unintentionally expose themselves to physical risks by avoiding resources they believe might comprise their emotional, psychological, or relational well-being.

Accession number
25664
Authors
Samuels, G.M., Cerven, C., Curry, S.R., Robinson, S.R.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research

Journal Name

Cityscape

Volume new
20
Year published new
2018
Availability

Entire journal issue available free of charge on the HUD Office of Policy Development and Research website at: https://www.huduser.gov/portal/periodicals/cityscpe/vol20num3/Cityscape…

Mentoring At-Risk Youth: An Examination of Strain and Mentor Response Strategies

Mentoring At-Risk Youth: An Examination of Strain and Mentor Response Strategies
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that used qualitative in-depth interviews with 13 mentors in a school-based program to learn about their perceptions of the strain experienced by their mentees, and how they respond to it during sessions. The study looked at a national mentorship program implemented in two middle schools in a southeastern metropolitan area of the US. The researchers focused on emotional regulation, conflict resolution, future orientation, and active listening as positive coping strategies associated with enhanced resilience among at-risk youth. The study considers how these four positive strategies fit into the mentors’ descriptions of their approaches and the implications for intervention programming. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25600
Authors
Wesley, J.K., Dzoba, N.P., Miller, H.V., Rasche, C.E.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

American Journal of Criminal Justice

Volume new
42
Year published new
2017
Availability

Human Trafficking Prevalence and Child Welfare Risk Factors Among Homeless Youth: A Multi-City Study

Human Trafficking Prevalence and Child Welfare Risk Factors Among Homeless Youth: A Multi-City Study
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report is from a study by The Field Center for Children’s Policy, Practice & Research at the University of Pennsylvania that interviewed 270 homeless youth in Philadelphia, Phoenix, and Washington, DC to learn about the prevalence of human trafficking, prior child maltreatment, out-of-home placements, and protective factors among young people who were sex trafficked or engaged in the sex trade to survive. Of those interviewed, 20 percent were victims of human trafficking, including 17 percent who were victims of sex trafficking and 6 percent who were victims of labor trafficking. Among all the participants, 14 percent engaged in “survival sex” to meet their basic needs. A total of 36 percent of those interviewed reported engaging in a commercial sex act at some point in their lives. This study was a part of a larger initiative by Covenant House International to research human trafficking among homeless youth encompassing nearly 1,000 young people across 13 cities. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25483
Authors
Schilling Wolfe, D., Greeson, J.K.P., Wasch, S., Treglia, D.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download at The Field Center for Children’s Policy, Practice & Research website at: https://fieldcenteratpenn.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/6230-R10-Field…

Campus of Opportunity: A Qualitative Analysis of Homeless Students in Community College

Campus of Opportunity: A Qualitative Analysis of Homeless Students in Community College
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study conducted to address the following research questions: What might be learned from the narratives of homeless youth and their experiences in postsecondary education? How might community colleges promote interpersonal and institutional resilience for homeless students? Homeless youth have received little attention in the research literature on community colleges, which are gateways of access to higher education for many underrepresented students. Using qualitative research techniques, the study, framed around resilience theory, reviews the experiences of homeless youth attending community college and explores the ways these colleges might serve as sites for fostering resilience and stability in homeless students lives. Results suggest that although homeless students do benefit from enrolling in community college, some of the benefits are not salient to them and they are unable to take full advantage of institutional resources.  

Accession number
25394
Authors
Gupton, J.T.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN

Journal Name

Community College Review

Volume new
45
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available by subscription or purchase at the journal website: http://journals.sagepub.com/toc/crwa/45/3.

Adverse Community Experiences and Resilience: A Framework for Addressing and Preventing Community Trauma

Adverse Community Experiences and Resilience: A Framework for Addressing and Preventing Community Trauma
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report looks at the relationship between community trauma and negative health and wellness outcomes at both individual and community levels, especially in areas that experience higher rates of violence. It outlines strategies to address and prevent community trauma and increase resilience by enlisting the help of those with lived experience in neighborhoods with high rates of violence. The report discusses how young people are affected by community trauma and ways to help them overcome these barriers and improve their outcomes.

Accession number
25852
Authors
Davis, R., Pinderhughes, H., Williams, M.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Prevention Institute

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the Prevention Institute website at: https://www.preventioninstitute.org/publications/adverse-community-expe…

Adolescent Connectedness With Parents Promotes Resilience Among Homeless Youth

Adolescent Connectedness With Parents Promotes Resilience Among Homeless Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that compared internal assets, including social competence and positive self-identity, between homeless and housed youth and examined whether connectedness with parents moderates the association between homelessness and internal assets. Using data from a large population-based survey of middle- and high-school students, the researchers found that homelessness was associated with lower levels of internal assets and parent connectedness compared with non-homeless youth. However, the study also found that homeless and housed youth who had higher connections with a parent had higher developmental assets than youth who reported low parent connectedness. These findings suggest that high connectedness can partially ameliorate the disparity in internal assets for homeless youth and provide a potential pathway of resilience for these young people. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25603
Authors
Aggerbeck Kessler, K.M., Chatterjee, D., Shlafer, R., Barnes, A.J.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Children

Volume new
5
Year published new
2018
Availability

The full-text article is available online at: http://www.mdpi.com/2227-9067/5/7/96