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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Racial/Ethnic Disparity

Toward a System Response to Ending Youth Homelessness: New Evidence to Help Communities Strengthen Coordinated Entry, Assessment, and Support for Youth

Toward a System Response to Ending Youth Homelessness: New Evidence to Help Communities Strengthen Coordinated Entry, Assessment, and Support for Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This one-page summary from Chapin Hall presents five findings from a study designed to help communities to develop coordinated, system-level responses to youth homelessness. Using a large national data set, the researchers analyze how risk assessment scores of young people, ages 15 to 22, relate to the services they receive. The researchers provide recommendations for stakeholders regarding coordinated entry, assessment, and support for youth in their communities. 

Accession number
25735
Authors
Morton, M., Rice, E., Blondin, M., Hsu, H., Kull, M.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/1pgr_Toward-a-System-Resp…

Part II: Racial and Ethnic Equity: Disproportionality and Action Steps for Schools

Part II: Racial and Ethnic Equity: Disproportionality and Action Steps for Schools
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This research brief from SchoolHouse Connection looks at demographic and risk factor data of high school students experiencing homelessness compared with students not experiencing homelessness. It uses the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) results from 17 states during the 2016-2017 school year. These data indicate black students are 2.67 times more likely and Hispanic students are 1.68 times more likely to experience homelessness compared with white students. Based on these findings, SchoolHouse Connection urges schools to adopt a district-wide approach to overcome these racial and ethnic disparities. This brief provides action steps and additional resources for schools. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25789
Type new
Brief
Organization

Schoolhouse Connection

Series
Student Homelessness: Lessons from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the SchoolHouse Connections website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/YRBS-r…

Girlhood Interrupted: The Erasure of Black Girls Childhood

Girlhood Interrupted: The Erasure of Black Girls Childhood
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report describes a study conducted to determine whether adults assign African American girls qualities that render them more like adults--and less innocent--than their white peers. The authors surveyed a community sample of 325 adults from various racial and ethnic backgrounds and different educational levels across the U.S. Participants were predominantly white (74 percent) and female (62 percent). They each completed one of two randomly assigned questionnaires--one asking about respondents perceptions of African American girls and the other asking about white girls. Responses to the two sets of questions were compared and analyzed. Across all age ranges, participants viewed African American girls as more adult than white girls and as needing less protection and nurturing. They were also perceived by respondents as being more knowledgeable about sex than their white peers. Results indicate that African American girls are viewed as more adult than their white peers at almost all stages of childhood, beginning most significantly at the age of five. The researchers suggest that these results may be a contributing cause of demonstrated harsher treatment of African American girls conpared to white girls of the same age. That is, adultification may serve as a contributing cause of disproportionality in school discipline outcomes, harsher treatment by law enforcement, and the differentiated exercise of discretion by officials across the spectrum of the juvenile justice system.  

Accession number
25415
Authors
Epstein, R., Blake, J.J., Gonzalez, T.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Georgetown Law Center on Poverty and Inequality, Washington, DC

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge from the Georgetown Law Center on Poverty and Inequality at http://www.law.georgetown.edu/academics/centers-institutes/poverty-ineq….

Central Florida Tri-County Youth Count: Final Report

Central Florida Tri-County Youth Count: Final Report
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from Chapin Hall describes a study to provide an estimate of the size of the homeless youth population and its characteristics in three central Florida counties (Orange, Osceola, and Seminole). Information was also gathered about the types of services available to young people experiencing homelessness. Over three days, the project surveyed youth on the street and in services, which include shelters, transitional living programs, and drop-in centers. In addition, researchers examined data from the Homeless Management Information System (HMIS) and school systems. Findings include: 1) On a single night in October 2017, there was a total of 268 homeless and unstably housed youth ages 13 to 24 in the three counties. 2) Twelve percent of the surveyed homeless and unstably housed youth were 13 to 17 years old. 3) Youth in the foster care and justice systems were overrepresented in the three counties. 4) Providers in the three counties have 104 shelter, transitional living, rapid rehousing, and subsidized affordable housing slots available for youth, only 10 of which serve youth under age 18. 

Accession number
25739
Authors
Chrisler, A., Horwitz, B., Morton, M.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/research/central-florida-count-identifies-se…