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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Prevention

Research Brief #2 – Support Systems for Youth: How to Maximize Youth’s Networks in Prevention Efforts.

Research Brief #2 – Support Systems for Youth: How to Maximize Youth’s Networks in Prevention Efforts.
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This research brief focuses on social network characteristics as important determinants of social and health experience and outcomes for YYA experiencing homelessness. It shares recommendations from the research to help programs work with their young people to strengthen these key relationships. (author abstract modified)

Authors
Sohn, J.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Canadian Observatory n Homelessness

Year published new
2021

Strong and Thriving Families: 2019 Prevention Resource Guide

Strong and Thriving Families: 2019 Prevention Resource Guide
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The US Department of Health and Human Services’ Children’s Bureau developed this Resource Guide to support service providers in their work with parents, caregivers, and their children to prevent child abuse and neglect and promote child and family well-being. The Resource Guide primarily targets community-based child abuse prevention professionals who work to prevent child maltreatment and promote well-being. However, other professionals, including policymakers, parent educators, family support workers, healthcare providers, program administrators, teachers, child care providers, mentors, and clergy, may also find it useful. It includes information about trauma, human trafficking, family homelessness, and youth-related issues. The guide is also available in Spanish. 

Accession number
25694
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Childrens Bureau

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/guide_2019.pdf

Responding to Youth Homelessness: A Key Strategy for Preventing Human Trafficking

Responding to Youth Homelessness: A Key Strategy for Preventing Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The National Network for Youth (NN4Y) released this white paper as a call to action to prevent youth homelessness as a key strategy to also prevent human trafficking given the high rate of co-occurrence. Multiple studies indicate that 19 to 40 percent of youth and young adults experiencing homelessness are also victims of trafficking. The author compiles and summarizes current research about the prevalence of youth homelessness and labor and sex trafficking and discusses some of the common pathways and circumstances that make youth vulnerable to both homelessness and trafficking. The paper outlines the organization’s recommendations for policymakers, educators, youth service providers, and law enforcement to prevent young people from experiencing homelessness or trafficking and specifies what vulnerable youth need to avoid being trafficked.

Accession number
25623
Authors
Pilnik, L.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Network for Youth

Year published new
2018
Availability

Full text available for free on the National Network for Youth website: https://www.nn4youth.org/wp-content/uploads/NN4Y-2018-white-paper-human…

Report of a Research to Practice Partnership to Develop Youth Housing Stability Model for Juvenile Courts

Report of a Research to Practice Partnership to Develop Youth Housing Stability Model for Juvenile Courts
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report provides key findings from a study of two juvenile justice systems, Snohomish and Kitsap counties, in Washington to develop a court-based strategy to prevent youth homelessness. The development team conducted this study in response to the high rate (75 percent) of homeless youth who have contact with police, with more than 50 percent experiencing arrest. They developed the Youth Housing Stability (YHS) model to minimize this contact while providing youth needed supports and services to remain housed. The development team designed the YHS model to address both system-wide and program-level needs to prevent housing instability for an estimated 100 to 150 youth within each jurisdiction each year. In addition, this model helps build community capacity for effective prevention through the implementation of services accessible to youth referred by non-court agencies. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25616
Authors
Walker, S., Valencia, E., Vick, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Center for the Study and Advancement of Justice Effectiveness

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the SAJE website at: https://www.sajecenter.org/publications/

Family Interventions for Youth Experiencing or at Risk of Homelessness

Family Interventions for Youth Experiencing or at Risk of Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report summarizes existing evidence on family intervention strategies for youth experiencing or at risk of homelessness. The authors conducted a systematic literature review of research since 2000 that focuses on family intervention strategies for youth ages 12 to 24 within the runaway and homeless youth, child welfare, juvenile justice, and education sectors. They also conducted key informant interviews with advocates, technical assistance providers, and service providers. Each of the 49 identified interventions was rated based on the rigor of its design and classified as evidence-based, evidence-informed, promising, emerging, or of interest. Interventions were also grouped into three categories--prevention, reunification, or reconnection--and assessed for positive effects and statistical significance. Six interventions were classified as evidence-based (Ecologically Based Family Therapy and Functional Family Therapy) or evidence-informed (Multidimensional Family Therapy, Multisystemic Therapy, Treatment Foster Care Oregon, and Support to Reunite, Involve, and Value Each Other). Results indicate that research has uncovered a few effective family intervention strategies that provide insight into what makes these strategies successful, but more research is needed to evaluate those targeted specifically to youth experiencing or at risk of homelessness. More research is also needed on how to target family interventions to key subgroups such as youth who are racial and ethnic minorities and/or LGBTQ.   

Accession number
25404
Authors
Pergamit, M., Gelatt, J., Stratford, B., Beckwith, S., Martin, M.C.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Urban Institute, Washington, DC

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available free of charge from HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation: https://aspe.hhs.gov/system/files/pdf/205401/FamilyInterventions.pdf.

Does Natural Mentoring Matter? A Multilevel Meta-analysis on the Association Between Natural Mentoring and Youth Outcomes

Does Natural Mentoring Matter? A Multilevel Meta-analysis on the Association Between Natural Mentoring and Youth Outcomes
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article presents findings from a meta-analysis on the relationship between natural mentoring and youth outcomes. The researchers contend that natural mentoring relationships foster positive youth development and buffer against negative outcomes. They conducted separate analyses on the presence of natural mentoring and the quality of the natural mentoring relationship. They found that social-emotional and academic-vocational functioning of a youth benefitted the most from a natural mentor. The researchers conclude that the presence of a natural mentor is related to positive youth outcomes and the quality of the natural mentoring relationship can increase those positive outcomes.

Accession number
25608
Authors
Van Dam, L., Smit, D., Wildschut, B., Branje, S.J.T., Rhodes, J.E., Assink, M., Stams, G.J.J.M
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

American Journal of Community Psychology

Volume new
1
Year published new
2018
Availability

A Supportive Adult May Be the Difference in Homeless Youth Not Being Trafficked

A Supportive Adult May Be the Difference in Homeless Youth Not Being Trafficked
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that explored the factors that di?erentiate homeless youth who have been trafficked from those who have not. The researchers recruited a sample of homeless youth, ages 18 to 22, who received services from the Covenant House New Jersey (CHNJ) between November 2015 and February 2017. Results from the CHNJs mandatory trafficking assessment found that 9.6 percent of the 344 youth participants had a tra?cking experience. In bivariable analysis, the researchers found a novel association between a youth having an Individualized Education Program/504 plan and having a tra?cking experience. Educators develop these plans for students whose ability to succeed in traditional educational formats is challenged by learning, social, or functional problems. In the multivariable analysis, a history of arrest was associated with being tra?cked while the presence of a supportive adult was associated with not being tra?cked. Gender was not associated with a tra?cking experience. This is the largest known study to specifically assess homeless youths demographic and social variables for associations with tra?cking experiences. Building upon these findings, the authors suggest researching the order of occurrence (e.g. did the IEP/504 plan precede, co-occur, or succeed the trafficking experience?) to identify risk factors and protective factors to contribute to evidence-based prevention efforts. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25543
Authors
Chisolm-Straker, M., Sze, J., Einbond, J., White, J., Stoklosa, H.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Children and Youth Services Review

Volume new
91
Year published new
2018
Availability

Full-text article available for free download at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190740918300434