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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Policy

Support for homeless young people under 16 years old: Towards a new paradigm

Support for homeless young people under 16 years old: Towards a new paradigm
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Young people who become homeless before the age of 16 years face particular problems finding appropriate services that address their needs. This has been acknowledged in Australia and internationally, but successful system-wide resolution has not been achieved. The purpose of this study was to find out what would be required to improve policy in this area. The study set out to establish both the nature of the problem, and the nature of the changes needed to improve outcomes for young people. The research documented young people’ experiences of early homelessness, and service provider’s perspectives on the adequacy of existing services. These were compared with the theoretical models and assumptions that informed the design of policy and service delivery. The study found that existing policy left some homeless 12-15 year olds with fewer options and in much riskier circumstances than homeless young people aged 16-17 years. This perverse outcome occurred because the theoretical assumptions that informed policy did not align with either the reality of service delivery or with young people’s capabilities and aspirations. The study concluded that a new paradigm was required to improve outcomes. More varied types of accommodation are required for homeless young people under 16 years, and, where developmentally appropriate, young people aged 12-15 years should be treated as mature minors, and assistance should be provided through supported youth accommodation services.

Authors
Cooper, T., & Brooker, M. R.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Applied Youth Studies, 3, 43-64.

Volume new
3
Year published new
2020

Young, Alone, and Homeless in the Lone Star State: Policy Solutions to End Youth Homelessness in Texas

Young, Alone, and Homeless in the Lone Star State: Policy Solutions to End Youth Homelessness in Texas
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report provides information on a study conducted in Texas to identify multi-system policy solutions that could prevent youth homelessness or provide for better interventions to ensure youth who encounter homelessness get back on their feet quickly. For this study, researchers interviewed more than 100 young people who had experienced or were experiencing homelessness in Texas, along with more than 50 school homeless liaisons, juvenile justice stakeholders, members of law enforcement, foster care stakeholders, and service providers. In addition, the researchers requested data from Texas agencies that serve youth or have responsibilities on issues related to youth homelessness and conducted research on existing programs and best practices. The study found that young people who encounter homelessness are at high risk of poor outcomes, including educational failure, juvenile or criminal justice involvement, victimization, and health and mental health problems. The report provides recommendations for the various agencies and policy arenas involved in youth homelessness (education, juvenile justice, foster care, and physical and behavioral health) as well as overarching, cross-system recommendations to improve service provision to and outcomes of youth who have experienced homelessness. 

Accession number
25408
Authors
Fowler, D., McDonald, G., Stone, E., Johnson, K., Eby, E., Pulman, H. , Gendron, C., OToole, L., Nowicki, J.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Texas Appleseed, Austin, TX.

Year published new
2017
Availability

Fostering Youth Transitions: Using Data to Drive Policy and Practice Decisions

Fostering Youth Transitions: Using Data to Drive Policy and Practice Decisions
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Annie E. Casey Foundation draws on national and state-level data to illustrate the challenges of young people who are in the foster care system. Data indicate that half of older teens age out without reuniting or connecting with family, one-third move from home to foster care multiple times, half have multiple placements, one-third stay in group homes or institutions, and less than a quarter receive adequate transition services. This report is designed to show state policymakers and other key stakeholders the need for better policies and practices to help improve outcomes for young people in foster care.

Accession number
25654
Type new
Brief
Organization

Annie E. Casey Foundation

Series
Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the Annie E. Casey Foundation website at: https://www.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-fosteringyouthtransitions-2018…

Federal Actions to Prevent and End Youth Homelessness: Recommendations Based on Research and a National Convening of Experts and Stakeholders

Federal Actions to Prevent and End Youth Homelessness: Recommendations Based on Research and a National Convening of Experts and Stakeholders
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This policy paper from Chapin Hall is an evidence-based guide for the federal government and other stakeholders to prevent and end youth homelessness. The authors recommend a public health approach to emphasize prevention and the need for accountability across systems and society at large. This paper outlines the iterative, multistep process that involved national organizations, federal partners, and young people with lived experience of homelessness to develop 63 recommendations. The authors present these recommendations in the following areas: prevention, crisis response, stable housing, cross-cutting issues, and research and data. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25815
Authors
Morton, M.H., Horwitz, B.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Research-to-Impact
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/research/leaders-identify-recommendations-fo…

Engage, Streamline, and Advocate: The Continued Response of Higher Education Professionals to Homelessness Among College Students

Engage, Streamline, and Advocate: The Continued Response of Higher Education Professionals to Homelessness Among College Students
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article looks at the role of higher education professionals in responding to homelessness among college students to improve the wellbeing of both students and the institutions they attend. Using data collected from case studies of community colleges and universities, the author proposes three specific recommendations for how to address the basic needs of students on campus. These recommendations involve engaging human resources, streamlining partnerships, and advocating for policy change. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25832
Authors
Canton, J.M.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Applied Research in the Community College

Volume new
26
Year published new
2019
Availability

Advice to Young Adults From Young Adults: Helpful Hints for Policy Change in the Mental Health System

Advice to Young Adults From Young Adults: Helpful Hints for Policy Change in the Mental Health System
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This tip sheet is designed for use by youth- and young-adult-led organizations that include young people with lived experience in the mental health system in their membership. The recommendations and quotes came from a series of interviews with young adult leaders from advocacy groups that focus on mental health challenges or living in foster care. The action steps for achieving policy change relayed by the interviewees include: 1) Develop a clear focus; 2) Seek information; 3) Establish partnerships; 4) Find champions; 5) Emphasize lived experience; and 6) Never give up. 

Accession number
25420
Authors
Koroloff, N.M., Friesen, B.J., Buekea, N.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Pathways Research and Training Center, Portland State University, Portland, OR

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for download free of charge from Pathways to Positive Futures, Portland State University at https://www.pathwaysrtc.pdx.edu/pdf/proj-4-SPAC-advice-to-youth-from-yo….