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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Out-of-Home Placement

Understanding the Differences in How Adolescents Leave Foster Care

Understanding the Differences in How Adolescents Leave Foster Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This policy brief from Chapin Hall explores how young people leave foster care among those who first enter care between ages 13 and 17. The researchers used data from a longitudinal foster care archive of approximately 3 million children nationwide. They analyzed reasons for leaving care by age at first admission and by placement history. They found that age at entry and placement history are both linked to youth outcomes. For example, teenagers who first enter care at age 15 have the highest chance of running away and are less likely to reach permanency than those who entered care earlier in their adolescence, in part because they are more likely to reach the age of majority while in care. Similarly, the types and configuration of placements and the number of placement changes affect the chances of youth reaching permanency or running away while in foster care.

Accession number
25762
Authors
Wulczyn, F., Huhr, S., Schmits, F., Wilkins, A.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
The Center for State Child Welfare Data
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/Understanding-the-Differe…

Predictors of Running Away from Out-of-Home Care: Does County Context Matter?

Predictors of Running Away from Out-of-Home Care: Does County Context Matter?
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article presents a study that used child-level placement data from the Multistate Foster Care Data Archive (n=53,610) to examine the incidence of running away during the first out-of-home care placement among adolescents. The authors found that 17 percent who entered out-of-home care for the first time ran away at least once during their first spell. Consistent with prior research, this study shows the rate at which youth run away once in foster care varies by gender, race/ethnicity, age, and placement type. The findings suggest that county context (i.e., population density and socioeconomic disadvantage) matters, although the authors recommend additional research to better understand these relationships. In addition, they found evidence that using a screening or risk assessment process for youth entering out-of-home care may reduce the incidence of running away.

Accession number
25672
Authors
Dworsky, A., Wulczyn, F., Huang, L.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research

Journal Name

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research

Volume new
20
Year published new
2018
Availability

Entire periodical available on the HUD Office of Policy Development and Research website at: https://www.huduser.gov/portal/periodicals/cityscpe/vol20num3/Cityscape…

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This volume of the journal Cityscape from the US Department Housing and Urban Development includes a collection of peer-reviewed research on youth homelessness. The stated objective of the journal is to bring high-quality research on housing and community development issues to scholars, government officials, and practitioners. This volume covers housing and homelessness issues related to LGBTQ youth, youth service engagement, out-of-care placements, identity preservation, and coordinated housing programs for juvenile courts. Two additional articles provide information about youth homelessness in Canada and Australia.

Accession number
25665
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research

Journal Name

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research

Volume new
20
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the HUD Office of Policy Development and Research website at: https://www.huduser.gov/portal/periodicals/cityscpe/vol20num3/Cityscape…

A Growth Curve Analysis of Housing Quality among Transition-Aged Foster Youth

A Growth Curve Analysis of Housing Quality among Transition-Aged Foster Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study designed to document changes in foster youth’s housing quality during the first 24 months following their emancipation. In addition, the authors evaluated associations between changes in housing quality and youth’s sociodemographic characteristics, childhood maltreatment experiences, and out-of-home placement history. The study used data collected from 172 emancipated foster youth who were also participating in a longitudinal study and by monthly summaries of their housing since emancipation. At six months post-emancipation, parenting youth and youth with a high school degree had higher housing quality. Females and youth who emancipated at older ages had a linear increase in housing quality at the six-month point. Those participants with declining housing quality were in three categories: 1) had childhood exposure to domestic violence, 2) were older when they entered foster care, and 3) were placed with a relative just prior to emancipation. The authors discuss how these findings can inform policy and practice to support housing quality for vulnerable youth in transition. (Author Abstract Modified) 

Accession number
25471
Authors
Tyrell, F.A., Yates, T.M.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Child Youth Care Forum

Volume new
46
Year published new
2017
Availability

Full-text article available for download: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10566-016-9370-1