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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Legal Aspects

Youth Homelessness and the Juvenile Justice System: A Roadmap of What to Ask, Offer, and Expect from Referral to Reentry

Youth Homelessness and the Juvenile Justice System: A Roadmap of What to Ask, Offer, and Expect from Referral to Reentry
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide provides professionals in the fields of education, social services, and law enforcement with information to help identify and respond to youth who may be homeless. The guide recommends prosecutors, judges, and probation officers review juvenile cases for possible homelessness at each stage of the judicial process. The guide emphasizes the importance of re-entry planning with this population. The federal definition of youth homelessness is provided as well as questions professionals can ask youth to determine their housing status. 

Accession number
25459
Authors
Smoot, N.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/map_FINAL…

Understanding Youth Rights: Helping Providers Navigate the Laws and Policies Affecting Unaccompanied Homeless Youth

Understanding Youth Rights: Helping Providers Navigate the Laws and Policies Affecting Unaccompanied Homeless Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide provides information about key applicable Texas and federal laws on emergency shelter/housing, emancipation, public education, medical treatment, and eligibility for state and federal benefits and how they apply to runaway, homeless, and unaccompanied youth. It also identifies how providers can empower youth voices and help youth understand their rights and responsibilities, as well as appreciate and uinderstand the cultural diversity among homeless youth. The last chapter identifies the benefits of collaborative relationships between youth service agencies and law enforcement and juvenile justice systems. Each section contains answers to freqently asked questions related to each subject and offers general guidelines for most situations. Also included are definitions of common terms and phrases used in the law and by government organizations. (Author Abstract Modified)

Accession number
25422
Authors
Texas Network of Youth Services
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for download free of charge on the Texas Network of Youth Services website at http://tnoys.org/wp-content/uploads/Youth-Rights-Guide_New-Version-2.pdf.

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project looks at existing state criminal record relief laws for survivors of human trafficking. Many survivors have arrest records and court documents for offenses stemming from their victimization in the commercial sex industry or labor sectors. As a result, survivors face barriers that affect their independence, stability, and safety. The authors assess the effectiveness of each state’s current laws, if any, and provide recommendations for improving and implementing meaningful laws to help survivors. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25746
Authors
Marsh, E., Anthony, B., Emerson, J., Mogulescu, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/criminal-record-relief-laws-survivors-human-…

Resolution Addressing the Needs of Homeless Youth and Families in Juvenile and Family Courts

Resolution Addressing the Needs of Homeless Youth and Families in Juvenile and Family Courts
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) passed a resolution during the organization’s 80th annual conference in Washington, D.C. to address the needs and issues related to homeless youth and families involved with the juvenile and family court systems. The resolution outlines strategies for judges to better serve young people experiencing homelessness and opposes the criminalization of youth for status offenses related to their lack of safe and stable housing. Juvenile and family court judges can lead the effort within their jurisdictions to improve the outcomes of youth with safe and stable housing, substance abuse and mental health services, life skills counseling, and family reunification when deemed appropriate. The resolution provides concrete steps for judges to convene child welfare and juvenile justice system stakeholders to develop a coordinated response to effectively identify and secure housing and services for homeless youth.

Accession number
25446
Authors
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Juvenile & Family Court Journal

Volume new
69
Year published new
2018
Availability

Free access to the full-text article at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jfcj.12103

Promoting Permanency for Older Youth in Out-of-Home Care

Promoting Permanency for Older Youth in Out-of-Home Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Children’s Bureau provides information for child welfare professionals about the importance of permanency planning for youth. This planning should include both legal permanency, such as decisions about reunification versus adoption, and relational permanency, such as identifying caring adults in the youth’s life. These adults may provide long-term support that can help youth transition to adulthood and may become a legal permanent option. The brief covers current federal legislation that supports youth permanency as well as strategies for permanency planning with youth. These include involving youth in permanency planning, strengthening reunification services, and helping youth maintain or establish relationships with kin.

Accession number
25844
Type new
Brief
Organization

Childrens Bureau

Series
Bulletin for Professionals
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free on the Child Welfare Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/bulletins_permanency.pdf

Preventing Homelessness for System-Involved Youth

Preventing Homelessness for System-Involved Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article expounds on three of the 20 strategies presented in the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Resolution titled Addressing the Needs of Homeless Youth and Families in Juvenile and Family Courts. The first strategy discussed is the need to improve coordination between the child welfare and juvenile justice systems, particularly related to transition and re-entry planning for youth who are involved in both systems. The second strategy discussed is the need for judges to ensure youth within their jurisdictions receive high quality legal representation and that courts and counsel are aware of the increased risk of system-involved youth becoming homeless. The third strategy discussed is for an increase in sound judicial leadership to improve outcomes for youth experiencing homelessness. The authors state that juvenile and family court judges can help change the prevailing public perception that all system-involved youth are “bad kids.” The article includes an excerpt from the personal story of Keyona Cooper, MSW, who entered the child welfare system at age 10, and later experienced homelessness when she aged out of the system.  It also includes a case study about Davidson County, Tennessee, which is a system actively working to decriminalize youth homelessness. Information is provided about the concurrent efforts of the Coalition for Juvenile Justice and the American Bar Association’s Homeless Youth Legal Network to remove legal barriers and improve outcomes for youth and young adults experiencing homelessness.

Accession number
25445
Authors
Britton, L., Pilnik, L.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Juvenile & Family Court Journal

Volume new
69
Year published new
2018
Availability

Pay for Success Project Assessment Tool

Pay for Success Project Assessment Tool
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Urban Institute designed this toolkit for individuals, governments, and organizations currently working on a pay for success (PFS) project or considering initiating a PFS project. This assessment tool describes the core elements of PFS projects and explains the importance of each core element. It also provides stakeholders with a scoring system to help distinguish the strengths and weaknesses of a proposed project and generates recommendations for remedying any weaknesses. Stakeholders can use this tool at any stage of project development. Completing this assessment also helps build the business case for a proposed project that scores well in each area.

Accession number
25689
Authors
Milner, J., Eldridge, M., Walsh, K., Roman, J.K.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Urban Institute

Series
Pay for Success Initiative
Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the Urban Institute website at: https://pfs.urban.org/library/pfs-guidance-briefs-and-reports/content/p…

Pay for Success Feasibility Tool Kit: Considerations for State and Local Leaders

Pay for Success Feasibility Tool Kit: Considerations for State and Local Leaders
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This toolkit from the US Department of Education provides general information about Pay for Success (PFS) projects, which are projects that support evidence-based approaches by leveraging private investment to address societal problems and challenges while typically using government funds only when a project meets measurable, positive outcomes. This toolkit is an introductory guide for state and local governments and other stakeholders interested in exploring the possibility of a PFS project for education or related societal issues. It provides information to support stakeholders in determining if PFS is a viable financing strategy for them, lays out steps usually involved in conducting a feasibility study, and highlights critical questions and important safeguards to consider in using PFS. The Appendix includes tools that may be useful for PFS projects, including definitions of terms used throughout the document.

Accession number
25688
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the US Department of Education website at: https://www2.ed.gov/about/inits/ed/pay-for-success/pay-for-success-tool…

On-Ramps, Intersections, and Exit Routes: A Roadmap for Systems and Industries to Prevent and Disrupt Human Trafficking

On-Ramps, Intersections, and Exit Routes: A Roadmap for Systems and Industries to Prevent and Disrupt Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project discusses how human trafficking business models attempt to intersect with and use legitimate businesses to recruit and exploit victims. These legitimate business industries include financial services, social media, hospitality, transportation, health care, and housing and homelessness systems. This report, a follow-up to The Typology of Modern Slavery, also looks at how victims can work with the same business systems to help free themselves from trafficking and begin to rebuild their lives. Polaris examines how businesses could help prevent and impede trafficking and provide aid to survivors. The report includes ideas and personal narratives shared with the authors by survivors of trafficking.

Accession number
25745
Authors
Anthony, B.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2018
Availability

Full report available for free on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/sites/default/files/A%20Roadmap%20for%20Syst…

No Barriers: A Legal Advocates Guide to Ensuring Compliance with the Education Program of the McKinney-Vento Law

No Barriers: A Legal Advocates Guide to Ensuring Compliance with the Education Program of the McKinney-Vento Law
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This manual provides legal advocates an understanding of the relevant provisions of the McKinney-Vento Act and the tools needed to implement these legal protections for homeless children and youth. The first section summarizes the key concepts and provisions of McKinney-Vento as well as the appellate process for homeless students who receive adverse determinations from their school systems. In addition, the manual delineates the responsibilities of state educational agencies (SEAs) and local educational agencies (LEAs). The second section covers other federal and state education laws, initiatives, and resources that are relevant to helping homeless children and youth succeed in school. The third section focuses on specific populations of homeless children and youth who may face additional barriers to their education. The fourth section outlines challenges to implementing, enforcing, and complying with McKinney-Vento. The criminalization of youth homelessness is also addressed. The fifth section is a compliance list of dos and don’ts to avoid expensive and time-consuming litigation. The last section on lessons learned from previous litigation presents case summaries related to procedural and substantive issues. 

Accession number
25466
Authors
National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Year published new
2016
Availability

The full document is available for free download on the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty website at: https://www.nlchp.org/documents/NoBarriers