Skip to main content
National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Juvenile Court

Youth Homelessness and the Juvenile Justice System: A Roadmap of What to Ask, Offer, and Expect from Referral to Reentry

Youth Homelessness and the Juvenile Justice System: A Roadmap of What to Ask, Offer, and Expect from Referral to Reentry
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide provides professionals in the fields of education, social services, and law enforcement with information to help identify and respond to youth who may be homeless. The guide recommends prosecutors, judges, and probation officers review juvenile cases for possible homelessness at each stage of the judicial process. The guide emphasizes the importance of re-entry planning with this population. The federal definition of youth homelessness is provided as well as questions professionals can ask youth to determine their housing status. 

Accession number
25459
Authors
Smoot, N.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/map_FINAL…

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses how the juvenile justice system has generally handled domestic child sex trafficking (DCST) cases and how victim-centered approaches are now emerging from the field. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges interviewed judges from different areas of the country, both urban and rural, who have implemented court-based reforms for DCST cases. This report presents the major themes and lessons learned from these interviews and serves as a practical guide for judges who wish to improve outcomes for the children and youth involved in their DCST cases.

Accession number
25755
Authors
Bohannan, T., Cullen, C., Devault, A., Ely, C., Siegel, G., Trescher, S.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Series
Technical Assistance Bulletin
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCJFCJ website at: https://www.ncjfcj.org/DCST-Judicial-Voices

Resolution Addressing the Needs of Homeless Youth and Families in Juvenile and Family Courts

Resolution Addressing the Needs of Homeless Youth and Families in Juvenile and Family Courts
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) passed a resolution during the organization’s 80th annual conference in Washington, D.C. to address the needs and issues related to homeless youth and families involved with the juvenile and family court systems. The resolution outlines strategies for judges to better serve young people experiencing homelessness and opposes the criminalization of youth for status offenses related to their lack of safe and stable housing. Juvenile and family court judges can lead the effort within their jurisdictions to improve the outcomes of youth with safe and stable housing, substance abuse and mental health services, life skills counseling, and family reunification when deemed appropriate. The resolution provides concrete steps for judges to convene child welfare and juvenile justice system stakeholders to develop a coordinated response to effectively identify and secure housing and services for homeless youth.

Accession number
25446
Authors
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Juvenile & Family Court Journal

Volume new
69
Year published new
2018
Availability

Free access to the full-text article at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jfcj.12103

Report of a Research to Practice Partnership to Develop Youth Housing Stability Model for Juvenile Courts

Report of a Research to Practice Partnership to Develop Youth Housing Stability Model for Juvenile Courts
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report provides key findings from a study of two juvenile justice systems, Snohomish and Kitsap counties, in Washington to develop a court-based strategy to prevent youth homelessness. The development team conducted this study in response to the high rate (75 percent) of homeless youth who have contact with police, with more than 50 percent experiencing arrest. They developed the Youth Housing Stability (YHS) model to minimize this contact while providing youth needed supports and services to remain housed. The development team designed the YHS model to address both system-wide and program-level needs to prevent housing instability for an estimated 100 to 150 youth within each jurisdiction each year. In addition, this model helps build community capacity for effective prevention through the implementation of services accessible to youth referred by non-court agencies. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25616
Authors
Walker, S., Valencia, E., Vick, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Center for the Study and Advancement of Justice Effectiveness

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the SAJE website at: https://www.sajecenter.org/publications/

Reentry Starts Here: A Guide for Youth in Long-Term Juvenile Corrections and Treatment Programs

Reentry Starts Here: A Guide for Youth in Long-Term Juvenile Corrections and Treatment Programs
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), developed this toolkit to help young people in juvenile corrections and treatment programs prepare for successful reentry into the community. The guide provides instructions for youth to follow first while they are still in placement and second once they are released. It discusses common barriers that youth may experience upon reentry and provides action steps to address those barriers with the help of a caring adult. The guide outlines how transitioning youth can seek assistance from a parent or guardian, mentor, friend, teacher, and other key people. Topics include building a reentry team; connecting to support services; planning for school and work; and following probation, parole, and court requirements.

Accession number
25678
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the OJJDP website at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/pubs/251193.pdf

Preventing Homelessness for System-Involved Youth

Preventing Homelessness for System-Involved Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article expounds on three of the 20 strategies presented in the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Resolution titled Addressing the Needs of Homeless Youth and Families in Juvenile and Family Courts. The first strategy discussed is the need to improve coordination between the child welfare and juvenile justice systems, particularly related to transition and re-entry planning for youth who are involved in both systems. The second strategy discussed is the need for judges to ensure youth within their jurisdictions receive high quality legal representation and that courts and counsel are aware of the increased risk of system-involved youth becoming homeless. The third strategy discussed is for an increase in sound judicial leadership to improve outcomes for youth experiencing homelessness. The authors state that juvenile and family court judges can help change the prevailing public perception that all system-involved youth are “bad kids.” The article includes an excerpt from the personal story of Keyona Cooper, MSW, who entered the child welfare system at age 10, and later experienced homelessness when she aged out of the system.  It also includes a case study about Davidson County, Tennessee, which is a system actively working to decriminalize youth homelessness. Information is provided about the concurrent efforts of the Coalition for Juvenile Justice and the American Bar Association’s Homeless Youth Legal Network to remove legal barriers and improve outcomes for youth and young adults experiencing homelessness.

Accession number
25445
Authors
Britton, L., Pilnik, L.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Juvenile & Family Court Journal

Volume new
69
Year published new
2018
Availability

Developing a Coordinated Youth Housing Stability Program for Juvenile Courts

Developing a Coordinated Youth Housing Stability Program for Juvenile Courts
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study conducted by a research-practice partnership between a university and a mid-sized county court in Washington State. The purpose of the study was to develop a model for reducing homelessness from within the juvenile justice system. Using a community-based participatory approach, the study analyzed data from local juvenile filings in 2017 (n=555), statewide juvenile court data from 2016 (n=6,791) and 2017 (n=6,866), and qualitative data from workgroup meetings. These data indicate that 20% to 50% of the youth who filed in juvenile court had at least one prior episode of running away or being kicked out of the home. The qualitative data revealed concerns related to using probation to address youth homelessness, the need for better methods of identification, and a lack of intensive family-based services to prevent housing instability. The article presents the juvenile court-based model and lessons learned from the research-practice partnership.

Accession number
25674
Authors
Walker, S.C., Valencia, E., Bishop, A., Irons, M., Gertsseva, A.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research

Journal Name

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research

Volume new
20
Year published new
2018
Availability

Entire periodical available on the HUD Office of Policy Development and Research website at: https://www.huduser.gov/portal/periodicals/cityscpe/vol20num3/Cityscape…

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This volume of the journal Cityscape from the US Department Housing and Urban Development includes a collection of peer-reviewed research on youth homelessness. The stated objective of the journal is to bring high-quality research on housing and community development issues to scholars, government officials, and practitioners. This volume covers housing and homelessness issues related to LGBTQ youth, youth service engagement, out-of-care placements, identity preservation, and coordinated housing programs for juvenile courts. Two additional articles provide information about youth homelessness in Canada and Australia.

Accession number
25665
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research

Journal Name

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research

Volume new
20
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the HUD Office of Policy Development and Research website at: https://www.huduser.gov/portal/periodicals/cityscpe/vol20num3/Cityscape…

Assessing Trauma for Juvenile and Family Courts From Development to Implementation: 2013-2017

Assessing Trauma for Juvenile and Family Courts From Development to Implementation: 2013-2017
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) collaborated with affiliates from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) and select courts to develop this trauma consultation protocol for juvenile and family court settings. The development team worked with pilot courts from a range of geographically diverse jurisdictions to explore what it means to be a trauma-informed court. The initial conceptual framework for the trauma consultations was grounded in the following key principles: (a) courts have an integral role in the healing process for the youth and families that they serve; (b) all court stakeholders should experience a sense of safety, personal agency, and connectedness when engaged with the court; and (c) court personnel, environment, practice, and policy impact all court stakeholders. (author abstract modified).

Accession number
25860
Authors
Stoffel, E., Korthase, A., Gueller, M.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCJFCJ website at: https://www.ncjfcj.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/NCJFCJ_Assessing_Trau…

Addressing the Intersections of Juvenile Justice Involvement and Youth Homelessness: Principles for Change

Addressing the Intersections of Juvenile Justice Involvement and Youth Homelessness: Principles for Change
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses the intersection between system-involved youth and runaway and homeless youth. It cites data from interviews with 656 runaway and homeless youth (ages 14 to 21) in 11 cities that show nearly 78 percent of the participants had at least one interaction with law enforcement. In addition, 7 percent of survey participants directly attributed their first homelessness experience with exiting jail or prison. In Part I of the report, the authors describe each of the 10 Principles of Change developed by the Coalition for Juvenile Justice in collaboration with the National Network for Youth and the National League of Cities Institute for Youth, Education, and Families. The principles provide a roadmap for communities to help young people avoid experiencing juvenile justice system involvement or youth homelessness. In Part II, the report gives specific resources and examples related to each Principle of Change. Appendix I outlines a case study of Davidson County, Tennessee, as a juvenile court system working to decriminalize and address youth homelessness. Appendix II describes state-level efforts in Maryland, South Carolina, and Vermont that focus on homelessness among system-involved youth. 

Accession number
25457
Authors
Pilnik, L., Bardine, D., Furr, L., Maury, M., Sickmund, M., Smoot, N., Szanyi, J,
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Year published new
2018
Availability

Full report available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/ckfinder/files/FINAL%20Pr…