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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Justice System

Youth Homelessness and the Juvenile Justice System: A Roadmap of What to Ask, Offer, and Expect from Referral to Reentry

Youth Homelessness and the Juvenile Justice System: A Roadmap of What to Ask, Offer, and Expect from Referral to Reentry
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide provides professionals in the fields of education, social services, and law enforcement with information to help identify and respond to youth who may be homeless. The guide recommends prosecutors, judges, and probation officers review juvenile cases for possible homelessness at each stage of the judicial process. The guide emphasizes the importance of re-entry planning with this population. The federal definition of youth homelessness is provided as well as questions professionals can ask youth to determine their housing status. 

Accession number
25459
Authors
Smoot, N.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/map_FINAL…

Youth Homeless and Juvenile Justice: Opportunities for Collaboration and Impact

Youth Homeless and Juvenile Justice: Opportunities for Collaboration and Impact
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief discusses the significant overlap between two populations—youth involved with the juvenile justice system and youth who experience homelessness. Youth who lack safe and stable housing often become involved with law enforcement and the justice system because of status offenses, public ordinance violations, or survival crimes. This brief outlines the possible long-term effects of youth homelessness and justice involvement, including physical and mental health problems and poor educational and vocational outcomes. It outlines seven areas where youth-serving organizations, including juvenile justice systems, runaway and homeless youth program, health departments, schools, community-based providers, and philanthropists, can collaborate to make an impact, including: 1) undertaking or funding research; 2) educating stakeholders; 3) investing in prevention and diversion opportunities; 4) improving re-entry planning; 5) advocating for change; 6) ensuring efforts reach youth of color and LGBTQ youth; and 7) partnering with youth and giving young people who have experienced homelessness and juvenile justice involvement leadership roles. In 2016, the Coalition for Juvenile Justice launched the Collaborating for Change: Addressing Youth Homelessness and Juvenile Justice project.  

Accession number
25439
Authors
Coalition for Juvenile Justice
Type new
Brief
Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download from the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/policy%20b…

Transformational Relationships for Youth Success

Transformational Relationships for Youth Success
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Center for the Study of Social Policy (CSSP) presents findings from more than 80 interviews with youth-serving organizations’ leaders, workers, and the youth they support. It outlines the behaviors workers and organizations exhibit that help facilitate transformational relationships with young people. The study includes interviews with youth dealing with system involvement, substance abuse, mental health problems, and homelessness, who have made major improvements in their lives. CSSP conducted this study in collaboration with the Dartington Social Research Unit in the UK. The full report is available on the CSSP website.

Accession number
25655
Type new
Brief
Organization

Center for the Study of Social Policy

Year published new
2018
Availability

The Impact of Incarceration and Mandatory Minimums on Survivors: Exploring the Impact of Criminalizing Policies on African American Women and Girls

The Impact of Incarceration and Mandatory Minimums on Survivors: Exploring the Impact of Criminalizing Policies on African American Women and Girls
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report summarizes key points and recommendations from a roundtable convened by the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Violence Against Women (OVW) in September 2015 that examined how criminalization policies impact the lives of African American women and girls. The goals of the roundtable were to: 1) review the impact of criminalization policies on African American women and girls who are survivors of domestic and sexual violence; 2)  review efforts to prevent and respond to domestic violence and sexual assault since the passage of the Violence Against Women Act; 3) discuss policy recommendations and new initiatives to reduce or eliminate the harm that domestic violence or sexual assault victims may experience in the criminal legal system, particularly survivors from African American communities; and 4) identify new initiatives, frameworks, promising practices, and policy recommendations to create a continuum of options for safety and well-being to better meet survivors needs. Among the systemic issues that impact victims of domestic violence and sexual assault are homelessness, poverty, and the role of child protective services. The roundtable discussed key gaps in the research on African American women and girls in the criminal legal system and identified areas for future research including identifying the gaps in policy development and impact on African American women survivors and developing culturally appropriate, trauma- and healing-informed responses to African American women into non-criminal justice policies and programs. 

Accession number
25411
Authors
Office of Violence Against Women Roundtable
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Office of Violence Against Women, US Department of Justice, Washington, DC

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge from the Office of Violence Against Women at https://www.justice.gov/ovw/page/file/926631/download.

Strategies for Reducing Criminal and Juvenile Justice Involvement

Strategies for Reducing Criminal and Juvenile Justice Involvement
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Urban Institute published this brief as part of a series of policy recommendations from a project called Building Ladders of Opportunity for Young People in the Great Lakes. This brief describes how crime and justice involvement impact youth development and opportunity in general, and specifically in six Great Lakes states: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. The brief presents policies and practices that may help increase safety while reducing juvenile justice and criminal justice involvement and their negative effects on youth. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25642
Authors
Jannetta, J., Okeke, C.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Urban Institute

Series
Building Ladders of Opportunity for Young People in the Great Lakes States
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Urban Institute website at: https://www.urban.org/research/publication/strategies-reducing-criminal…

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project looks at existing state criminal record relief laws for survivors of human trafficking. Many survivors have arrest records and court documents for offenses stemming from their victimization in the commercial sex industry or labor sectors. As a result, survivors face barriers that affect their independence, stability, and safety. The authors assess the effectiveness of each state’s current laws, if any, and provide recommendations for improving and implementing meaningful laws to help survivors. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25746
Authors
Marsh, E., Anthony, B., Emerson, J., Mogulescu, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/criminal-record-relief-laws-survivors-human-…

Resolution Addressing the Needs of Homeless Youth and Families in Juvenile and Family Courts

Resolution Addressing the Needs of Homeless Youth and Families in Juvenile and Family Courts
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) passed a resolution during the organization’s 80th annual conference in Washington, D.C. to address the needs and issues related to homeless youth and families involved with the juvenile and family court systems. The resolution outlines strategies for judges to better serve young people experiencing homelessness and opposes the criminalization of youth for status offenses related to their lack of safe and stable housing. Juvenile and family court judges can lead the effort within their jurisdictions to improve the outcomes of youth with safe and stable housing, substance abuse and mental health services, life skills counseling, and family reunification when deemed appropriate. The resolution provides concrete steps for judges to convene child welfare and juvenile justice system stakeholders to develop a coordinated response to effectively identify and secure housing and services for homeless youth.

Accession number
25446
Authors
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Juvenile & Family Court Journal

Volume new
69
Year published new
2018
Availability

Free access to the full-text article at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jfcj.12103

Reentry Starts Here: A Guide for Youth in Long-Term Juvenile Corrections and Treatment Programs

Reentry Starts Here: A Guide for Youth in Long-Term Juvenile Corrections and Treatment Programs
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), developed this toolkit to help young people in juvenile corrections and treatment programs prepare for successful reentry into the community. The guide provides instructions for youth to follow first while they are still in placement and second once they are released. It discusses common barriers that youth may experience upon reentry and provides action steps to address those barriers with the help of a caring adult. The guide outlines how transitioning youth can seek assistance from a parent or guardian, mentor, friend, teacher, and other key people. Topics include building a reentry team; connecting to support services; planning for school and work; and following probation, parole, and court requirements.

Accession number
25678
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the OJJDP website at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/pubs/251193.pdf

Implementing Change: The State Advisory Groups Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice

Implementing Change: The State Advisory Groups Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) developed this issue brief to help State Advisory Groups (SAGs) better understand their role in addressing the intersections between juvenile justice and youth homelessness. CJJ encourages SAGs to educate state lawmakers and local agencies about the intersection of these two issues, undertake research to improve policies and practices, and partner with organizations to reduce criminalization for unstably housed youth and prevent homelessness among system-involved youth.

Accession number
25697
Type new
Brief
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Series
Implementing Change
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/State%20Ad…

Implementing Change: State and Local Governments Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice

Implementing Change: State and Local Governments Role in Addressing the Intersection of Homelessness and Juvenile Justice
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) developed this issue brief to help state and local governments better understand their role in addressing the intersections between juvenile justice and youth homelessness. It includes principle and practice recommendations from CJJ for government leaders to help prevent young people from experiencing homelessness or being criminalized for behaviors that stem from a lack of stable housing. CJJ includes local examples from communities that demonstrate the Principles for Change.

Accession number
25698
Type new
Brief
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Series
Implementing Change
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/State%20an…