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Interventions That Foster Healing Among Sexually Exploited Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Interventions That Foster Healing Among Sexually Exploited Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of interventions for sexually exploited children and adolescents in fostering healing with this population. The researchers conducted a systematic search that generated 4,358 international publications of which 21 met their inclusion criteria. Based on each intervention’s objectives and delivery method, the researchers organized the programs into five categories: 1) focused health and/or social services, 2) intensive case management models, 3) psychoeducational therapy groups, 4) residential programs, and 5) other. Their review found that most programs were gender-specific, targeting girls and young women with only one designed for boys and young men. The reviewed studies reported on a range of outcomes including psychosocial outcomes, risky behaviors, trauma responses, mental health, protective factors, and public health outcomes. Despite differences in delivery, most of the interventions did, to some degree, appear to foster healing among sexually exploited children and adolescents. The researchers maintain that the findings from this review have implications for researchers, policy and program developers, and frontline practitioners who can partner together to create evidence-informed, purpose-built, and thoughtfully delivered interventions. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25556
Authors
Moynihan, M., Pitcher, C., Saewyc, E.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Child Sexual Abuse

Volume new
27
Year published new
2018
Availability

Global Homelessness in a Post-Recession World

Global Homelessness in a Post-Recession World
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study of the global impact of the Great Recession of the late 2000s and early 2010s on trends for unsheltered homelessness in twenty of the largest municipalities in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The authors hypothesized a direct relationship between the recession and the level of homelessness. The Great Recession resulted in changes in homeless populations throughout the world. This economic crisis impacted economies in ways that put severe pressures on housing, particularly at lower-income brackets. The recession was generated by a housing bubble, which then constricted capital markets for housing. After the immediate crisis, economic stabilization was followed by stagflation or deflation with flat or decreasing wages in middle- to low-income brackets and high unemployment. Many governments responded with austerity measures to decrease public spending. The researchers focused on the roofless population (i.e., those without shelter of any kind, sleeping rough). In addition to affecting adults and families, the recession also affected unaccompanied youth. One 2012 study found that 75 percent of high school principals in California reported that the number of houseless or living insecure had increased among their students, even in schools within affluent neighborhoods. Results indicate no clear correlation between levels of homelessness and the Great Recession in most cities. While some cities experienced large increases in their identified homeless populations (e.g., London, Vienna, Berlin, Stockholm, Auckland, and Madrid), homelessness declined in other locations following the recession (e.g., Sydney, Budapest, and Tokyo). The authors conclude that there is a relationship between housing crises/recessions and street homelessness that is, however, mediated by factors such as policies, culture, demographics, and migration.   

Accession number
25424
Authors
Bainbridge, J., Carrizales, T.J.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

Marist College, Poughkeepsie, NY

Journal Name

Journal of Public Management and Social Policy

Volume new
24
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for download through the journal website at https://digitalscholarship.tsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1074&con….