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Human Trafficking

What You Need to Know: Sex Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation: A Training Tool for Parents of Teens

What You Need to Know: Sex Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation: A Training Tool for Parents of Teens
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This training tool for parents of teens helps to increase awareness about sex trafficking and sexual exploitation. It describes how teens often become victims of sex trafficking and why some are more susceptible to exploitation. The authors describe how pimps, known as traffickers, lure in their victims through the three T’s of trafficking: target, trick, and traumatize. This guide tells parents how to protect their children from sex trafficking, how to keep them safe on social media, and what red flags to look for that may indicate possible trafficking. The authors provide guidance for parents who suspect their children have been victimized. The training tool includes resources on where to seek help or report suspected trafficking.

Accession number
25586
Authors
Roe-Sepowitz, D., Bayless, A.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

ASU School of Social Work Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research

Year published new
2016

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses how the juvenile justice system has generally handled domestic child sex trafficking (DCST) cases and how victim-centered approaches are now emerging from the field. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges interviewed judges from different areas of the country, both urban and rural, who have implemented court-based reforms for DCST cases. This report presents the major themes and lessons learned from these interviews and serves as a practical guide for judges who wish to improve outcomes for the children and youth involved in their DCST cases.

Accession number
25755
Authors
Bohannan, T., Cullen, C., Devault, A., Ely, C., Siegel, G., Trescher, S.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Series
Technical Assistance Bulletin
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCJFCJ website at: https://www.ncjfcj.org/DCST-Judicial-Voices

The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States

The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

To compile the largest data set on human trafficking in the United States, Polaris analyzed more than 32,000 cases of human trafficking documented between December 2007 and December 2016 through its operation of the National Human Trafficking Hotline and the BeFree Textline. From this data analysis, the researchers developed a classification system that identifies 25 types of human trafficking throughout the United States including escort services, domestic work, traveling sales crews, peddling and begging, agriculture, pornography, and commercial cleaning services, among others. Each category has its own business model, trafficker and victim profiles, recruitment strategies, and control methods that facilitate human trafficking. Using this research, stakeholders can begin to develop strategic campaigns to spur systematic action, unite disparate efforts, allocate limited resources, and facilitate effective interventions to combat this traditionally low-risk, high-profit crime. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25509
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2017
Availability

Full report available on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/sites/default/files/Polaris-Typology-of-Mode…

Strong and Thriving Families: 2019 Prevention Resource Guide

Strong and Thriving Families: 2019 Prevention Resource Guide
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The US Department of Health and Human Services’ Children’s Bureau developed this Resource Guide to support service providers in their work with parents, caregivers, and their children to prevent child abuse and neglect and promote child and family well-being. The Resource Guide primarily targets community-based child abuse prevention professionals who work to prevent child maltreatment and promote well-being. However, other professionals, including policymakers, parent educators, family support workers, healthcare providers, program administrators, teachers, child care providers, mentors, and clergy, may also find it useful. It includes information about trauma, human trafficking, family homelessness, and youth-related issues. The guide is also available in Spanish. 

Accession number
25694
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Childrens Bureau

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/guide_2019.pdf

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project looks at existing state criminal record relief laws for survivors of human trafficking. Many survivors have arrest records and court documents for offenses stemming from their victimization in the commercial sex industry or labor sectors. As a result, survivors face barriers that affect their independence, stability, and safety. The authors assess the effectiveness of each state’s current laws, if any, and provide recommendations for improving and implementing meaningful laws to help survivors. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25746
Authors
Marsh, E., Anthony, B., Emerson, J., Mogulescu, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/criminal-record-relief-laws-survivors-human-…

Screening for Human Trafficking among Homeless Young Adults

Screening for Human Trafficking among Homeless Young Adults
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop a screening tool for sex trafficking, labor trafficking, or both among homeless young adults. It also looked at whether homeless youth who have experienced trafficking have different needs than those who have not. The researchers pretested a screening tool with 307 participants, ages 18 to 22, who were receiving services from Covenant House in New Jersey. From this testing, they validated Quick Youth Indicators for Trafficking (QYIT), a user-friendly screening tool that does not require trafficking expertise to administer in the field. During this process, the researchers found that labor trafficking is a significant form of trafficking among homeless youth. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25754
Authors
Chisolm-Straker, M., Sze, J., Einbond, J., White, J., Stoklosa, H.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Children and Youth Services Review

Volume new
98
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download from journal homepage at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190740918307540?via…

Pretesting a Human Trafficking Screening Tool in the Child Welfare and Runaway and Homeless Youth Systems

Pretesting a Human Trafficking Screening Tool in the Child Welfare and Runaway and Homeless Youth Systems
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Despite the fact that youth involved in the child welfare (CW) and runaway and homeless youth (RHY) systems are particularly vulnerable to being trafficked, there is no consensus screening tool to identify trafficking experiences among such youth. In order to better serve youth trafficking victims, a Human Trafficking Screening Tool (HTST), along with a Short Form version (HTST-SF), was developed and pretested with 617 RHY- and CW-involved youth, ages 12 to 24, across 14 RHY and CW settings in New York, Texas, and Wisconsin in 2016. The survey captured their trafficking experiences as well as demographic characteristics and other life experiences related to trafficking (e.g., running away, drug abuse). Overall, the HTST and HTST-SF performed equally well at capturing trafficking experiences for most youth. Practitioners assessed the tool as easy to administer and the youths responses as truthful and indicating understanding of the questions. Responses to the HTST were correlated to known trafficking risk factors and outcomes, including running away from home, being kicked out of ones home, abusing prescription or over-the-counter drugs, trading sex for something of value on their own, being arrested, and seeking help. In addition, the HTST correctly predicted trafficking victimization. Additional testing of youth under age 18 and youth in CW settings, in addition to further validation work with a nationally representative sample of youth, is recommended. (Author Abstract Modified)  

Accession number
25402
Authors
Dank, M., Yahner, J., Yu, L., Vasquez-Noriega, C., Gelatt, J., Pergamit, M.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York, NY

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge at HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation: https://aspe.hhs.gov/system/files/pdf/257786/Pretesting.pdf.

Polyvictimization and Developmental Trauma Adaptations in Sex Trafficked Youth

Polyvictimization and Developmental Trauma Adaptations in Sex Trafficked Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article presents a qualitative study of 32 cases of young people who were sex trafficked as minors. The author reviews their cases for histories of early adversity and polyvictimization and any common coercive strategies of traffickers, including manipulation of the victims’ unmet physical and emotional needs. The study describes developmental trauma adaptations in these youth, including affect dysregulation and impulsivity; changes in attention and consciousness; interpersonal relationship issues; and impairments in self-perception and attributions. Based on these findings, the author recommends developmentally and culturally appropriate trauma-informed services for sex trafficked children and youth.

Accession number
25659
Authors
Hopper, E.K.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma

Volume new
10
Year published new
2017

On-Ramps, Intersections, and Exit Routes: A Roadmap for Systems and Industries to Prevent and Disrupt Human Trafficking

On-Ramps, Intersections, and Exit Routes: A Roadmap for Systems and Industries to Prevent and Disrupt Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project discusses how human trafficking business models attempt to intersect with and use legitimate businesses to recruit and exploit victims. These legitimate business industries include financial services, social media, hospitality, transportation, health care, and housing and homelessness systems. This report, a follow-up to The Typology of Modern Slavery, also looks at how victims can work with the same business systems to help free themselves from trafficking and begin to rebuild their lives. Polaris examines how businesses could help prevent and impede trafficking and provide aid to survivors. The report includes ideas and personal narratives shared with the authors by survivors of trafficking.

Accession number
25745
Authors
Anthony, B.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2018
Availability

Full report available for free on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/sites/default/files/A%20Roadmap%20for%20Syst…

Online Recruitment of Youth Via Social Media and the Internet

Online Recruitment of Youth Via Social Media and the Internet
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB) developed this toolkit to help its Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grantees identify and respond to social media recruitment of youth by human traffickers. It provides strategies to prevent online sex and labor trafficking and outlines red flags that indicate the possible occurrence of human trafficking. FYSB includes additional resources for youth, parents, and other youth-serving providers.

Accession number
25606
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Series
Human Trafficking and Runaway and Homeless Youth: Practical Tools for Grantees
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available on the Runaway and Homeless Youth Training and Technical Assistance Center website at: https://rhyttac.memberclicks.net/assets/docs/Resources/RHY%20HT%20Socia…