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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Homeless Youth

Federal Actions to Prevent and End Youth Homelessness: Recommendations Based on Research and a National Convening of Experts and Stakeholders

Federal Actions to Prevent and End Youth Homelessness: Recommendations Based on Research and a National Convening of Experts and Stakeholders
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This policy paper from Chapin Hall is an evidence-based guide for the federal government and other stakeholders to prevent and end youth homelessness. The authors recommend a public health approach to emphasize prevention and the need for accountability across systems and society at large. This paper outlines the iterative, multistep process that involved national organizations, federal partners, and young people with lived experience of homelessness to develop 63 recommendations. The authors present these recommendations in the following areas: prevention, crisis response, stable housing, cross-cutting issues, and research and data. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25815
Authors
Morton, M.H., Horwitz, B.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Research-to-Impact
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/research/leaders-identify-recommendations-fo…

Fact Sheet: Education and Workforce Related Policies Affecting Systems-Involved Youth

Fact Sheet: Education and Workforce Related Policies Affecting Systems-Involved Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This fact sheet from the American Youth Policy Forum provides information for researchers, policymakers, and practitioners about federal legislation and grants related to systems-involved youth. In particular, the fact sheet focuses on supporting secondary, postsecondary, and workforce success among youth involved with the juvenile justice system, the child welfare system, or both. 

Accession number
25711
Type new
Brief
Organization

American Youth Policy Forum

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the AYPF website at: https://www.aypf.org/resource/fact-sheet-education-workforce-related-po…

Evidence From the Past: AI Decision Aids to Improve Housing Systems for Homeless Youth

Evidence From the Past: AI Decision Aids to Improve Housing Systems for Homeless Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This book chapter, a conference paper presented at the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence 2017 Fall Symposium, describes an initiative to create an artificial intelligence (AI) decision aid to improve current coordinated housing entry systems for homeless youth. Using data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Homelessness Management Information System (HMIS), the researchers first determined whether the current rubric used for prioritizing youth for housing assistance is an effective predictor of youths’ probabilities of success. Next, they worked to build better AI decision aids and predictive models using components of this rubric. The study analyzed the most frequently used risk/vulnerability assessment tool called the Next Step Tool (NST) for Homeless Youth. Their analysis indicated that assigning youth based on NST scores is an effective intervention for assisting high-risk youth. Moreover, the researchers believe additional predictive analytics and AI decision aids can augment assignment decisions based on NST scores. This study found much potential for effective human-machine collaboration in the context of housing allocation. The researchers plan to work with HUD and local communities to develop such systems in the future.

Accession number
25534
Authors
Chan, H., Rice, E., Vayanos, P., Tambe, M., Morton, M.
Type new
Book Chapter
Organization

University of Southern California Center for Artificial Intelligence in Society and Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
AAAI Fall Symposium Series
Year published new
2017
Availability

Full-text report available for free download at: http://teamcore.usc.edu/papers/2017/current_housing.pdf

Ending Youth Homelessness: System Planning

Ending Youth Homelessness: System Planning
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guidebook from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is designed for Continuum of Care (CoC) leaders and stakeholders to use as a direct, hands-on action plan in their efforts to prevent and end youth homelessness. It provides information about the important elements of a coordinated community approach plan. This guidebook focuses on engaging key community partners, establishing a decision-making and management structure, leveraging data across systems, and designing an organized youth housing and services array. 

Accession number
25610
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

Series
Guidebook Series
Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the HUD Exchange website at: https://www.hudexchange.info/resources/documents/Ending-Youth-Homelessn…

Ending Youth Homelessness: Promising Program Models

Ending Youth Homelessness: Promising Program Models
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guidebook from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is designed for Continuum of Care (CoC) leaders and stakeholders to use as a direct, hands-on action plan in their efforts to prevent and end youth homelessness. It provides information about emerging program models in the following areas: primary prevention, identification and engagement, emergency and crisis response, and tailored housing and services. This guidebook describes key features and promising practices of these models and potential funding sources to help CoC providers plan, develop, and improve their own youth-appropriate services.

Accession number
25611
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

Series
Guidebook Series
Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the HUD Exchange website at: https://www.hudexchange.info/resources/documents/Ending-Youth-Homelessn…

Engaging Youth Experiencing Homelessness: Core Practices and Services

Engaging Youth Experiencing Homelessness: Core Practices and Services
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report describes practices and services that health care organizations serving people who are homeless have developed to involve homeless youth with systems of care. It provides strategies used by practitioners in the field on how to establish relationships with youth, design services and arrange physical environments, and measure engagement at the individual and agency levels. The authors derived the information outlined in the report from the Engaging Homeless Youth Advisory Work Group, the 2014 National Health Care for the Homeless (HCH) Conference and Policy Symposium, a field survey, interviews with six HCH grantees, and a literature review.

Accession number
25599
Authors
Hishida, J.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

National Health Care for the Homeless Council

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available free of charge on the National Health Care for the Homeless Council website at: https://www.nhchc.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/engaging-youth-experie…

Ending Youth Homelessness: Mainstream System Collaboration

Ending Youth Homelessness: Mainstream System Collaboration
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guidebook from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is designed for Continuum of Care (CoC) leaders and stakeholders to use as a direct, hands-on action plan in their efforts to prevent and end youth homelessness. This guideline focuses on collaboration efforts by providing strategies to engage mainstream sectors such as child welfare, education, workforce development, justice systems, housing programs, health care providers, community organizations, and federal and state benefit agencies. It includes examples of successful collaboration efforts from across the country. 

Accession number
25612
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

Series
Guidebook Series
Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the HUD Exchange website at: https://www.hudexchange.info/resources/documents/Ending-Youth-Homelessn…

Ending Youth Homelessness Guidebook Series

Ending Youth Homelessness Guidebook Series
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This document provides an overview of the US Department of Housing and Human Development (HUD) Guidebook Series for Continuum of Care (CoC) leaders and partners to use as a direct, hands-on action plan in their efforts to prevent and end youth homelessness. The series includes three guidebooks: Mainstream System Collaboration, Promising Program Models, and System Planning. Each guidebook includes suggested strategies, promising practices, and considerations for immediate implementation.

Accession number
25613
Type new
Brief
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available free of charge on the HUD Exchange website at: https://www.hudexchange.info/resources/documents/Ending-Youth-Homelessn…

Employment Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Trial of Two Employment Interventions with Homeless Youth

Employment Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Trial of Two Employment Interventions with Homeless Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that examined the comparative efficacy of two employment interventions—Social Enterprise Intervention (SEI) and Individual Placement and Support (IPS)—among homeless youth with mental illness. The researchers conducted a randomized controlled trial with participants from a homeless youth agency in Los Angeles: 36 participants in the SEI group and 36 in the IPS group. Over 20 months, SEI participants received four SEI components and IPS participants received IPS services based on eight principles. The study collected data at baseline and follow-up for the primary employment outcome (paid employment) and five secondary employment outcomes. During the reporting period, 39 percent of SEI participants and 32 percent of IPS participants reported any paid employment. Across both groups, participants who reported working at baseline had nearly eight times the odds of working at follow-up. The study did not detect any statistically significant differences across the full sample or between groups on the primary or secondary employment outcomes. The author concludes that future effectiveness research is needed to compare the long-term employment outcomes of the SEI and IPS with a more heterogeneous sample of homeless youth using customized homelessness support services and more nuanced employment outcomes. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25501
Authors
Ferguson, K.M.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research

Volume new
9
Year published new
2018
Availability

Full-text article available for free download at: https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/pdfplus/10.1086/696372

Employment and Other Income Sources Among Homeless Youth

Employment and Other Income Sources Among Homeless Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that examined income sources among homeless youth who are not connected to homeless service agencies. The sample of 72 youth, ages 14 to 24, reported three months of continuous homelessness and no service connection before participating in the study. The researchers looked at changes in employment and income over time as a result of implementing the Strengths-Based Outreach and Advocacy (SBOA) approach. They define this outreach model as one that emphasizes the relationship between outreach workers and their clients and focuses on strengths rather than pathologies. The results show an increase in employment and legal income from non-survival behaviors while income from survival behaviors decreased. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25782
Authors
Slesnick, N., Zhang, J., Yilmazer, T.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

The Journal of Primary Prevention

Volume new
39
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available with journal subscription or article purchase at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10935-018-0511-1