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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Homeless Families With Children

Well-being of Young Children after Experiencing Homelessness

Well-being of Young Children after Experiencing Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The ACF Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE) published this brief on the relationships between homelessness, enrollment in early care and education, and young children’s developmental outcomes after they leave emergency shelters. OPRE compared a sample of 925 children, ages 18 months to 59 months, 20 months after staying in emergency shelters with their same-age peers from all socioeconomic levels. The authors used nationally normative childhood developmental measures on developmental delays, school readiness, and behavioral challenges. In addition, the brief uses survey responses by parents to measure continued housing instability following a stay in emergency shelter and child care arrangements used by families during the 20-month period following the shelter stay.

Accession number
25682
Authors
Brown, S.R., Shinn, M., Khadduri, J.
Type new
Brief
Organization

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Series
Homeless Families Research Brief
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge from the ACF OPRE website: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/opre/resource/well-being-of-young-children-afte…

The Relationship Between Homelessness and Behavior Problems Among Youth in North Texas: A Brief Report

The Relationship Between Homelessness and Behavior Problems Among Youth in North Texas: A Brief Report
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

Yes

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that examined the relationship between homelessness and behavior problems in children by comparing families with children who are homeless with families with children who have never been homeless. The researchers obtained data from the Childrens Health Assessment and Planning Survey collected by the Childrens Health System of Texas. The average age of the children participating in the study was 12. By parent report, the researchers collected data on five behaviors regarding their children: arrest and trouble with the police, behavior problems at school, suspension, and suicide attempts. The study found an association between homelessness and higher rates of problem behaviors, including arrests, academic problems, and suicide attempts. Overall, children who were homeless were 36 percent more likely to experience any kind of behavior problem compared with the general population. Since families with children who are dealing with homelessness often seek medical care at emergency departments and health clinics, the authors recommend further research to determine if enhanced identification and screening of homeless youth in clinical settings would reduce the occurrence of behavioral problems in this at-risk population.

Accession number
25463
Authors
Reingle Gonzalez, J. M., Jetelina, K.K., Roberts, M., Otsuki Clutter, M., Sanders, C., Baidhya, S., Tsai, R.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

American Journal of Criminal Justice

Year published new
2017
Availability

Full-text article available by subscription or article purchase at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12103-017-9427-1

Quick Guide for Counseling Staff Working With Students Experiencing Homelessness

Quick Guide for Counseling Staff Working With Students Experiencing Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide provides information on how school counseling personnel can support students who are experiencing homelessness. It includes a list of questions to assess their immediate needs related to safety, food, health, family dynamics, transportation, employment, and school. In addition, the guide provides school counselors with action steps they can take based on the outcome of the initial assessment. A checklist for graduation planning is also included. The author discusses issues such as trauma and other barriers that school counselors should consider when working with this student population.

Accession number
25448
Authors
Hurt, Dee
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Schoolhouse Connections

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Schoohouse Connections website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/Quick-…

Predicting Repeated and Persistent Family Homelessness: Do Families Characteristics and Experiences Matter?

Predicting Repeated and Persistent Family Homelessness: Do Families Characteristics and Experiences Matter?
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the ACF Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE), looks at whether family characteristics can identify repeated or persistent experiences of homelessness before and after a shelter stay. OPRE analyzed data of 2,282 families from the larger Family Options Study to determine if practitioners in the field can identify families who will experience repeated or persistent homelessness and thus will need additional support.

Accession number
25714
Authors
Glendening, Z., Shinn, M.
Type new
Brief
Organization

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Series
Homeless Families Research Brief
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge from the ACF OPRE website: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/opre_persistent_homele…

Patterns of Benefit Receipt Among Families Who Experience Homelessness

Patterns of Benefit Receipt Among Families Who Experience Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief, from the ACF Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE), compares participation rates in benefit programs of families in the Family Options Study with those of families in poverty from the same counties using American Community survey data. The authors found that families staying in emergency shelter are connected to benefit programs at similar or higher rates than other families in poverty in the same communities. This brief presents some evidence that continued housing instability makes families susceptible to either losing or difficulty accessing public benefits.

Accession number
25719
Authors
Khadduri, J., Burt, M.R., Walton, D.
Type new
Brief
Organization

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Series
Homeless Families Research Brief
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge on the OPRE website at: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/opre_patterns_of_benef…

Integrated Data Are Key to Pay for Success

Integrated Data Are Key to Pay for Success
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief describes how one county government—Cuyahoga County, Ohio—used an integrated data system (IDS) to develop an innovative pay for success program to serve homeless mothers who have children in the child welfare system. The Cuyahoga program, called Partnering for Family Success, is the first county-level program in the United States. The brief provides background about pay for success or social impact bonds, which began in the United Kingdom in 2010. These agreements allow private and philanthropic investors to provide upfront funding to governments to operate and pilot new evidence-based social programs to save money for the government. Pay for success programs are treated as an investment rather than as traditional grants. The brief outlines the challenges faced by the program developers and how IDS helped them design and evaluate the Partnering for Family Success program. The IDS quickly identified eligible families who were involved with separate county departments. Once identified, the program helped remove housing barriers and connected mothers and their children with other resources, such as housing assistance, behavioral health services, trauma support, and case management.

Accession number
25443
Authors
The Annie E. Casey Foundation
Type new
Brief
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Annie E. Casey Foundation website at: http://www.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-integrateddataarekeytopayforsucc…

Family Options Study: 3-Year Impacts of Housing and Services Interventions for Homeless Families

Family Options Study: 3-Year Impacts of Housing and Services Interventions for Homeless Families
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) looks at the long-term effectiveness of various programs to address homelessness for families with children. The Family Options Study randomly assigned 2,282 families to four housing or services interventions between September 2010 and January 2012 across 12 sites nationwide. The interventions were 1) permanent housing subsidies, 2) community-based rapid rehousing, 3) project-based transitional housing, and 4) usual care (emergency shelter and housing or services that families can access without immediate referral to a program that would provide them with a place to live). Each family participating in the study had spent at least seven days in emergency shelter and had at least one child age 15 or younger at the point of enrollment. The study found that families offered a subsidy experienced less than half as many episodes of subsequent homelessness as well as improvements in measures related to residential stability, food security, and other non-housing domains compared with families offered the other three interventions. 

Accession number
25683
Authors
Gubits, D., Shinn, M., Wood, M., Bell, S., Dastrup, S., Solari, C.D., Brown, S.R., McInnis, D., McCall, T., Kattel, U.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on HUD User website at: https://www.huduser.gov/portal/sites/default/files/pdf/Family-Options-S…

Extracurricular Activities and Transportation for Students Experiencing Homelessness

Extracurricular Activities and Transportation for Students Experiencing Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) summarizes key provisions in the McKinney-Vento Assistance Act regarding extracurricular activities for students experiencing homelessness. This resource discusses the requirements of providing transportation to and from these activities and strategies for funding transportation.

Accession number
25703
Type new
Brief
Organization

National Center for Homeless Education

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the NCHE website at: https://nche.ed.gov/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/extra-curr-trans.pdf

Developmental Consequences of Homelessness for Young Parents and Their Children

Developmental Consequences of Homelessness for Young Parents and Their Children
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This article introduces the topic of homelessness among young people who are parenting young children. According to the data presented in this article, 12 to 27% of families who experience homelessness are headed by a parent under age 25, and most have children under age 6. The authors discuss how homelessness can interfere with the optimal health and development for both the young parents and their children. They suggest developmentally appropriate services and supports for both the parents and children that include resources to help them become economically self-sufficient. The authors discuss the two-generation approach that typically involves education, career training, and employment opportunities as well as programs for parent and child health and well-being. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25830
Authors
Kull, M.A., Dworsky, A, Horwitz, B., Farrell, A.F.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Zero to Three Journal

Volume new
39
Year published new
2019
Availability

Child Separation Among Families Experiencing Homelessness

Child Separation Among Families Experiencing Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the ACF Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE) uses data from the Family Options Study to explore how often children in homeless families were separated from their parents before, during, and after staying in emergency shelters. This analysis includes both voluntary and involuntary child separations among the 5,397 children in 2,282 families who either stayed with their families in emergency shelter or were separated from their families upon entry. The brief also describes the subsequent separation and reunification experiences of children in the 1,857 families who responded to the 20-month survey and the 1,784 families who responded to the 37-month survey. The findings show children separated from their families were older on average and most stayed with the other parent or relatives during separation.

Accession number
25718
Authors
Walton, D., Wood, M., Dunton, L.
Type new
Brief
Organization

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Series
Homeless Families Research Brief
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the OPRE website at: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/opre_child_separation_…