Skip to main content
National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Foster Care

Youth Subgroups who Receive John F. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program Services

Youth Subgroups who Receive John F. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program Services
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article looks at the underlying patterns of services receipt to prepare youth who are aging out of foster care. States are required to report John F. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program (CFCIP) service provision to the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD). The researchers used a population of 68,057 first-time youth who received CFCIP services in FY2011-FY2013 from the NYTD to identify underlying combinations of service receipt that may be influenced by youth-level and state-level characteristics. States could benefit from understanding existing service receipt patterns and gaps to optimize decisions on service delivery in order to meet youth needs and to identify specific services that may prepare youth aging out of foster care towards positive outcomes. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25874
Authors
Chor, K.H.B., Petras, H., Pérez, A.G.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Child and Family Studies

Volume new
27
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for download via purchase or subscription at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10826-017-1004-1

Youth Engagement in Child Welfare Service Planning

Youth Engagement in Child Welfare Service Planning
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Children’s Bureau, within the Administration for Children and Families, funded a multi-phase grant program to build the evidence base on what works to prevent homelessness among youth and young adults. This initiative is called the Youth At-Risk of Homelessness (YARH). This issue brief looks at methods YARH grantees used to engage youth in the development of new comprehensive service models intended to reduce homelessness among youth who are in or formerly in foster care. The brief provides samples of YARH grantees activities. (abstract modified)

Accession number
25732
Authors
Gothro, A., Caplan, V.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Mathematica Policy Research

Series
Youth At-Risk of Homelessness (YARH) Issue Brief
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Mathematica website at: https://www.mathematica-mpr.com/our-publications-and-findings/publicati…

Working with Youth to Develop a Transition Plan

Working with Youth to Develop a Transition Plan
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide from the Children’s Bureau outlines the federal legislative requirements of transition plans for child welfare professionals and other providers who work with youth aging out of foster care. It provides information about the planning process that includes breaking down long term goals into incremental goals that are specific and measurable. This guide discusses how caseworkers can partner with transitioning youth to develop a strength-based plan that supports their needs over time. It includes additional resources.

Accession number
25756
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Childrens Bureau

Series
Bulletin for Professionals
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/transitional_plan.pdf

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses how the juvenile justice system has generally handled domestic child sex trafficking (DCST) cases and how victim-centered approaches are now emerging from the field. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges interviewed judges from different areas of the country, both urban and rural, who have implemented court-based reforms for DCST cases. This report presents the major themes and lessons learned from these interviews and serves as a practical guide for judges who wish to improve outcomes for the children and youth involved in their DCST cases.

Accession number
25755
Authors
Bohannan, T., Cullen, C., Devault, A., Ely, C., Siegel, G., Trescher, S.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Series
Technical Assistance Bulletin
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCJFCJ website at: https://www.ncjfcj.org/DCST-Judicial-Voices

Using Case Records to Understand Client Experiences

Using Case Records to Understand Client Experiences
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Children’s Bureau, within the Administration for Children and Families (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services), funded a multi-phase grant program to build the evidence base on what works to prevent homelessness among youth and young adults who have been involved in the child welfare system. Known as Youth At-Risk of Homelessness (YARH), this program funded 18 organizations for the first phase for two years. During the planning phase, grantees conducted data analyses to help understand their local population and develop comprehensive service models to improve outcomes in housing, education and training, social well-being, and permanent connections. For the second phase, six of the 18 organizations received funding to refine and test their comprehensive service models with a three-year implementation grant. This issue brief describes the challenges, lessons learned, and next steps of one grantee—Lighthouse Youth Services in Cincinnati, Ohio. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25490
Authors
Hicks, M., Harding, J., Mecum, B.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Mathematica Policy Research

Series
Youth At-Risk of Homelessness (YARH) Lessons from the Field
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Mathematica Policy Research website at: https://www.mathematica-mpr.com/our-publications-and-findings/publicati…

Understanding the Differences in How Adolescents Leave Foster Care

Understanding the Differences in How Adolescents Leave Foster Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This policy brief from Chapin Hall explores how young people leave foster care among those who first enter care between ages 13 and 17. The researchers used data from a longitudinal foster care archive of approximately 3 million children nationwide. They analyzed reasons for leaving care by age at first admission and by placement history. They found that age at entry and placement history are both linked to youth outcomes. For example, teenagers who first enter care at age 15 have the highest chance of running away and are less likely to reach permanency than those who entered care earlier in their adolescence, in part because they are more likely to reach the age of majority while in care. Similarly, the types and configuration of placements and the number of placement changes affect the chances of youth reaching permanency or running away while in foster care.

Accession number
25762
Authors
Wulczyn, F., Huhr, S., Schmits, F., Wilkins, A.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
The Center for State Child Welfare Data
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/Understanding-the-Differe…

Transition From Foster Care to Independent Living: Ecological Predictors Associated with Outcomes

Transition From Foster Care to Independent Living: Ecological Predictors Associated with Outcomes
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Given the poor outcomes for youth aging out of foster care, and the small body of literature on what works to improve outcomes, this study was conducted to examine the youth characteristics associated with better outcomes and to explore transitional service program characteristics correlated with outcomes. A causal comparative research design was used, employing preexisting data. The researchers collected records of 329 foster youth from an agency in a large Texas urban/suburban area from the Transition Resource Action Center (TRAC) and Children’s Protective Services databases. To determine outcomes, the researchers used both TRAC’s Self-Sufficiency Matrix and case records. TRAC’s Self-Sufficiency Matrix has five domains: Education, Employment, Employability, Financial Literacy, and Shelter. The researchers examined differences in outcomes between youth who received TRAC services before and after leaving care as well as changes in overall Self-Sufficiency Matrix scores. They also analyzed which variables were predictive of scores on the Self-Sufficiency Matrix. The results of this study indicate that TRAC is having a positive influence on the youth receiving services. Youth showed significant improvement across four of the five identified domains and maintained on the fifth domain of employment. The researchers discuss the implications of these findings for future research, practice, and policy. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25544
Authors
Scannapieco, M., Smith, M., Blakeney-Strong, A.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal

Volume new
33
Year published new
2016
Availability

Full-text article available for download at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10560-015-0426-0

The Road to Adulthood: Aligning Child Welfare Practice with Adolescent Brain Development

The Road to Adulthood: Aligning Child Welfare Practice with Adolescent Brain Development
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This paper from the Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative offers recommendations on how to work effectively with youth in or emerging from foster care in the following areas: permanence, educational attainment, economic security, stable housing, and supports for young parents. The paper presents the latest research on adolescent brain development and how to apply this research to promote healthy brain development for youth in foster care. Since 2011, the Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative has led the Success Beyond 18 campaign to raise the age of foster care to 21 years nationwide and to push for foster care that is more supportive of adolescents and emerging adults. The report is intended for child welfare caseworkers and youth service providers, judges, lawyers, caregivers, teachers, coaches, and mentors.

Accession number
25652
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Annie E. Casey Foundation

Series
Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge on the Annie E. Casey Foundation website at: https://www.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-theroadtoadulthood-2017.pdf

The Relationship between State Supports and Post-Secondary Enrollment among Youth Aging Out of Foster Care: An Analysis of the National Youth in Transition Database

The Relationship between State Supports and Post-Secondary Enrollment among Youth Aging Out of Foster Care: An Analysis of the National Youth in Transition Database
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article looks at the rate in which foster care alumni (FCA) use tuition and fee waivers, scholarships, or collaborative supports to enroll in post-secondary education. The researchers used a sample of more than 9,000 FCA from the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD) to examine the effectiveness of these programs. The results show that these initiatives can increase enrollment; however, the effectiveness varies significantly by state. Overall, the study demonstrates the limitation of legislated waivers and collaboratives to ensure a large percentage of youth will access and use these programs to enroll and persist in higher education.

Accession number
25787
Authors
Watt, T.T., Kim, S., Garrison, K.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Child Welfare

Volume new
96
Year published new
2018

The Parameters of Youth Welfare

The Parameters of Youth Welfare
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Capacity Building Center for States, a collaborative funded by the Children’s Bureau, offers guidelines to child welfare agencies on how to shift from being a child-focused welfare system to a youth-focused welfare system. A child-focused system is considered reactive and case-plan driven while a youth-focused system is more proactive, developmentally framed, and normalcy oriented.  This brief outlines the transformations needed at the organization and practice levels to better meet the needs of youth in foster care.

Accession number
25675
Type new
Brief
Organization

Childrens Bureau

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the Child Welfare Gateway website at: https://library.childwelfare.gov/cwig/ws/library/docs/capacity/Blob/119…