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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Federal Policy

Housing Not Handcuffs: Ending the Criminalization of Homelessness in U.S. Cities

Housing Not Handcuffs: Ending the Criminalization of Homelessness in U.S. Cities
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty (the Law Center) provides an overview of criminalization measures in effect across the country and looks at trends in the criminalization of homelessness, based on an analysis of the laws in 187 cities that the Law Center has tracked since 2006. This report analyzes local trends related to the enforcement of these laws and describes the growing federal trend to oppose and discourage local criminalization policies and practices. Next, the report discusses the ineffectiveness of laws criminally or civilly punishing life-sustaining activities among those experiencing homelessness, the cost of these laws to taxpayers, and how they often violate homeless persons’ constitutional and human rights. Finally, the Law Center recommends alternative practices for federal, state, and local governments to address the problem of visible homelessness in a sensible, humane, and legal way. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25720
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Law Center on Homelessness

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Law Centers website at: https://nlchp.org//wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Housing-Not-Handcuffs.pdf

Housing for Young Adults in Extended Federally Funded Foster Care

Housing for Young Adults in Extended Federally Funded Foster Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief describes a study that looked at how state-operated extended foster care (EFFC) programs are providing young adults in EFFC with safe, stable, and developmentally appropriate housing. The authors focused on the states with the largest number of young people participating in EFFC programs: California, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, and Pennsylvania. They conducted interviews with representatives from eight of the nine state’s public child welfare agencies to gather information about housing options for EFFC programs. From these conversations, the authors suggest future research questions related to housing options and supportive services that lead to the best outcomes for young adults who participate in EFFC programs. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25781
Authors
Dworsky, A., Dasgupta, D.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Urban Institute and Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Best Practice for States
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Urban Institutes website at: https://www.urban.org/research/publication/housing-young-adults-extende…

Home, Together: The Federal Strategic Plan to Prevent and End Homelessness

Home, Together: The Federal Strategic Plan to Prevent and End Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The United States Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH), an interagency federal initiative, has developed its strategic plan to prevent and end homelessness for fiscal years 2018 through 2022. The plan identifies and describes essential federal strategies intended to help states, communities, and public and private partners to build effective, lasting systems that work toward meeting the current USICH goals and to help respond to housing instability and homelessness in the future. The plan also seeks to serve as a road map for non-federal agencies and partners, providing a detailed framework through which they can identify and implement their own strategic activities and align their efforts with federal agencies and other partners. USICH presents these strategies as the eight objectives of the Home, Together plan. 

Accession number
25580
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

United States Interagency Council on Homelessness

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness website at: https://www.usich.gov/resources/uploads/asset_library/Home-Together-Fed…

Higher Education: Action Needed to Improve Access to Federal Financial Assistance for Homeless and Foster Youth

Higher Education: Action Needed to Improve Access to Federal Financial Assistance for Homeless and Foster Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report describes the findings and recommendations of a United States Government Accountability Office (GAO) study on the college experiences of homeless youth and youth in foster homes, who are often unprepared for the transition to adulthood. GAO examined college enrollment and completion for foster and homeless youth, the extent to which challenges these youth face affect their ability to pursue college, and the extent to which program barriers hinder these youth from obtaining federal financial assistance for college. GAO developed several recommendations to the Departments of Education and Health and Human Services to improve homeless and foster youth access to financial assistance for college, including 1) centralizing college information for these youth on Educations website, 2) clarifying Educations guidance, and 3) considering legislative proposals to simplify federal requirements for homeless and foster youth. (Author Abstract Modified)   

Accession number
25391
Authors
United States Government Accountability Office
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Year published new
2016
Availability

Available free of charge from the U.S. General Accountability Office: https://www.gao.gov/assets/680/677325.pdf.

Hidden in Plain Sight: Homeless Students in Americas Public Schools

Hidden in Plain Sight: Homeless Students in Americas Public Schools
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This executive summary provides key findings from a study released by America’s Promise Alliance, a leader of the GradNation campaign, that looked at the high school graduation rates of homeless students. This study coincided with the first Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) requirement for states and local school districts to report this data. The study examined the broader issue of student homelessness by interviewing and surveying current and formerly homeless students and the federally mandated state coordinators and local liaisons assigned to work with them. In addition to providing an overview of existing research on student homelessness, this study sheds light on the challenges homeless students face and the supports they need to succeed. The researchers provide recommendations for how educators, policymakers, and community organizations can help students cope with homelessness, graduate from high school, and get on a path to adult success.

Accession number
25589
Authors
Ingram, E.S., Bridgeland, J.M., Reed, B., Atwell, M.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Civic Enterprises and Hart Research Associates

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on Americas Promise website at: http://www.americaspromise.org/report/hidden-plain-sight

Hidden in Plain Sight: Homeless Students in Americas Public Schools

Hidden in Plain Sight: Homeless Students in Americas Public Schools
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

America’s Promise Alliance, a leader of the GradNation campaign, released this research report about the high school graduation rates of homeless students. The study coincided with the first Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) requirement for states and local school districts to report this data. It provides an overview of existing research on homeless students, reveals challenges homeless students face and the supports they say they need to succeed, reports on challenges involved in helping homeless students, and recommends policy and practice changes at the school, community, state, and national levels. The research team examined the broader issue of student homelessness by interviewing and surveying current and formerly homeless students and the federally mandated state coordinators and local liaisons assigned to work with them. The researchers recommend action steps and policies for educators, policymakers, and community organizations to help students cope with homelessness, graduate from high school, and get on a path to adult success. The appendices include research methodology and endnotes, a glossary of frequently used terms, and additional information about ESSA.

Accession number
25590
Authors
Ingram, E.S., Bridgeland, J.M., Reed, B., Atwell, M.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Civic Enterprises and Hart Research Associates

Year published new
2016
Availability

Full report available for free download on Americas Promise Alliances website at: http://www.americaspromise.org/report/hidden-plain-sight

Guidelines for Designating LEA-Level and Building-Level McKinney-Vento Liaisons

Guidelines for Designating LEA-Level and Building-Level McKinney-Vento Liaisons
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide provides information about the legal requirements of the McKinney-Vento law to help school districts clarify the lines of authority and responsibility between school building-level contacts and required local education agency (LEA)-level liaisons. It includes guidelines from the U.S. Department of Education for state LEA administers when designating liaisons for their local school systems. The guide also provides the full section of the McKinney-Vento law pertaining to LEA liaisons. 

Accession number
25449
Authors
Schoolhouse Connection
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Schoolhouse Connection website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Liaiso…

Foster Care Transition Toolkit

Foster Care Transition Toolkit
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The U.S. Department of Education developed this toolkit to help youth currently in foster care and young adults formerly in foster care access the information and resources they need to begin their transition to youth adulthood. It is also a resource for caring and supportive adults, such as kinship guardians, foster and adoptive parents, guardians ad litem and court appointed special advocates, social workers, and educators. The toolkit helps youth prepare to make decisions independently, advocate for personal needs, manage financial or health issues, and secure housing and transportation. It also discusses how the transition planning process can support youth by providing information about educational opportunities, employment services, mentoring and continuing support programs, housing options, and health insurance.

Accession number
25602
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

U.S. Department of Education

Year published new
2016

Federal Policy Solutions to Prevent and End Youth and Young Adult Homelessness

Federal Policy Solutions to Prevent and End Youth and Young Adult Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This policy brief from the National Network for Youth (NN4Y) is a call to action for federal policymakers and agency staff to support the development of a comprehensive, collaborative system-based approach to address youth and young adult (YYA) homelessness. This system should be youth-centric and flexible. NN4Y urges support in the form of updated laws, policies, and priorities and offers six recommendations to the federal government to target the critical needs of the YYA homeless population. The organization has developed a proposed system that encompasses all the essential elements and principles of a coordinated national, state, and local response to youth homelessness. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25622
Type new
Brief
Organization

National Network for Youth

Series
Proposed System Series, Vol.1
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Network for Youth website at: http://www.nn4youth.org/wp-content/uploads/NN4Y-Policy-Brief-2017.pdf

Federal Actions to Prevent and End Youth Homelessness: Recommendations Based on Research and a National Convening of Experts and Stakeholders

Federal Actions to Prevent and End Youth Homelessness: Recommendations Based on Research and a National Convening of Experts and Stakeholders
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This policy paper from Chapin Hall is an evidence-based guide for the federal government and other stakeholders to prevent and end youth homelessness. The authors recommend a public health approach to emphasize prevention and the need for accountability across systems and society at large. This paper outlines the iterative, multistep process that involved national organizations, federal partners, and young people with lived experience of homelessness to develop 63 recommendations. The authors present these recommendations in the following areas: prevention, crisis response, stable housing, cross-cutting issues, and research and data. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25815
Authors
Morton, M.H., Horwitz, B.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Research-to-Impact
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/research/leaders-identify-recommendations-fo…