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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Federal Laws

Working with Youth to Develop a Transition Plan

Working with Youth to Develop a Transition Plan
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide from the Children’s Bureau outlines the federal legislative requirements of transition plans for child welfare professionals and other providers who work with youth aging out of foster care. It provides information about the planning process that includes breaking down long term goals into incremental goals that are specific and measurable. This guide discusses how caseworkers can partner with transitioning youth to develop a strength-based plan that supports their needs over time. It includes additional resources.

Accession number
25756
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Childrens Bureau

Series
Bulletin for Professionals
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/transitional_plan.pdf

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses how the juvenile justice system has generally handled domestic child sex trafficking (DCST) cases and how victim-centered approaches are now emerging from the field. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges interviewed judges from different areas of the country, both urban and rural, who have implemented court-based reforms for DCST cases. This report presents the major themes and lessons learned from these interviews and serves as a practical guide for judges who wish to improve outcomes for the children and youth involved in their DCST cases.

Accession number
25755
Authors
Bohannan, T., Cullen, C., Devault, A., Ely, C., Siegel, G., Trescher, S.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Series
Technical Assistance Bulletin
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCJFCJ website at: https://www.ncjfcj.org/DCST-Judicial-Voices

Trends from the Field: Lessons Learned About Alternative Education

Trends from the Field: Lessons Learned About Alternative Education
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

In this brief, the American Youth Policy Forum (AYPF) summarizes how the organization collaborated with key stakeholders at the national, state, local, and institutional level to develop accountability systems for alternative education programs. AYPF outlines the seven lessons learned about what these settings do well, areas that need improvement, opportunities for innovation, and issues requiring further inquiry. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25706
Authors
Kannam, J., Anand, A.
Type new
Brief
Organization

American Youth Policy Forum

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the AYPF website at: https://www.aypf.org/resource/publication_trends-from-the-field/

Supporting the Education of Unaccompanied Students Experiencing Homelessness

Supporting the Education of Unaccompanied Students Experiencing Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the National Center for Homeless Education describes the educational challenges faced by unaccompanied youth who are experiencing homelessness and outlines the key provisions of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act related to this student population. The brief presents strategies school districts can use to support the educational success of unaccompanied youth. Additional resources are provided. 

Accession number
25660
Type new
Brief
Organization

National Center for Homeless Education

Series
McKinney-Vento Law Into Practice Brief Series
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge on the National Center for Homeless Education website at: https://nche.ed.gov/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/youth.pdf

Student Homelessness in Rural America

Student Homelessness in Rural America
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness (ICPH) presents national and state-level trends showing the highest rate of growth for student homelessness is occurring in rural communities. The U.S. Census Bureau defines rural communities as those located geographically outside of urbanized areas with fewer than 2,500 residents. ICPH found that over four school years from 2013 to 2017, the number of homeless students in rural areas increased by 11% compared with 3% nationwide. This report discusses the challenges of identifying and supporting these students and their families, federal funding levels to rural school districts, and the obstacles these students face specific to their rural environment. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25716
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness

Series
Community
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the ICPH website at: https://www.icphusa.org/reports/ruralreport/#thirty-eight-states-experi…

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project looks at existing state criminal record relief laws for survivors of human trafficking. Many survivors have arrest records and court documents for offenses stemming from their victimization in the commercial sex industry or labor sectors. As a result, survivors face barriers that affect their independence, stability, and safety. The authors assess the effectiveness of each state’s current laws, if any, and provide recommendations for improving and implementing meaningful laws to help survivors. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25746
Authors
Marsh, E., Anthony, B., Emerson, J., Mogulescu, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/criminal-record-relief-laws-survivors-human-…

State Laws on High School Graduation for Students Experiencing Homelessness

State Laws on High School Graduation for Students Experiencing Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide provides information about how the federal Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) law of 2015 focuses on high school graduation among students who experience homelessness. A list of amendments to the law related to state requirements for homeless students is included. It provides a summary of existing state laws that complement federal requirements from California, New Mexico, Texas, and Washington. 

Accession number
25453
Authors
Schoolhouse Connection
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Schoolhouse Connection website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/statec…

Runaway and Homeless Youth: Demographics and Programs

Runaway and Homeless Youth: Demographics and Programs
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses the federal response to support the runaway and homeless youth population, specifically the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness; the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program, administered by the Family and Youth Services Bureau; and other related programs. The report acknowledges that definitions of the terms “runaway” and “homeless youth” are not specified; however, both groups share the risk of having inadequate shelter and other provisions and may engage in harmful behaviors while away from a permanent home. These two groups also include “thrownaway” youth who are asked to leave their homes, as well as other vulnerable youth populations, such as current and former foster youth and youth with mental health issues. The term “unaccompanied youth” encompasses both runaways and homeless youth and is used in national data counts of the population. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25520
Authors
Fernandes-Alcantara, A.L.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Congressional Research Service

Year published new
2018
Availability

This report is available online at: https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL33785.pdf

Risk and Resilience: Differences in Risk Factors and Health Outcomes Between Homeless and Non-Homeless Students in 2017 YRBS Data

Risk and Resilience: Differences in Risk Factors and Health Outcomes Between Homeless and Non-Homeless Students in 2017 YRBS Data
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from SchoolHouse Connection presents a study that used 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) data from 17 states. Starting in 2017, YRBS included two questions related to homelessness for the first time since its inception in 1990 by the CDC. The researchers compared seven self-reported risk factors and health outcomes of high school students experiencing homelessness with their housed peers. The findings indicate youth experiencing homelessness have poorer health outcomes and exhibit higher risk behaviors. For instance, homeless youth are more likely to experience dating violence, misuse prescription pain medication, and attempt suicide. This report also includes qualitative data from interviews with 49 young people who participated in the SchoolHouse Connection’s Youth Leadership and Scholarship Program and the National Network for Youth’s National Youth Advisory Council. The researchers outline policies and practices to help school systems improve their implementation of the protections and supports provided to homeless children and youth by federal law.

Accession number
25656
Authors
Brown, K., Duffield, B., Owens, C.R.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Schoolhouse Connection

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the SchoolHouse Connection website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/risk-and-resilience-differences-i…

Responding to Youth Homelessness: A Key Strategy for Preventing Human Trafficking

Responding to Youth Homelessness: A Key Strategy for Preventing Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The National Network for Youth (NN4Y) released this white paper as a call to action to prevent youth homelessness as a key strategy to also prevent human trafficking given the high rate of co-occurrence. Multiple studies indicate that 19 to 40 percent of youth and young adults experiencing homelessness are also victims of trafficking. The author compiles and summarizes current research about the prevalence of youth homelessness and labor and sex trafficking and discusses some of the common pathways and circumstances that make youth vulnerable to both homelessness and trafficking. The paper outlines the organization’s recommendations for policymakers, educators, youth service providers, and law enforcement to prevent young people from experiencing homelessness or trafficking and specifies what vulnerable youth need to avoid being trafficked.

Accession number
25623
Authors
Pilnik, L.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Network for Youth

Year published new
2018
Availability

Full text available for free on the National Network for Youth website: https://www.nn4youth.org/wp-content/uploads/NN4Y-2018-white-paper-human…