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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Emotional Development

Supporting Brain Development in Traumatized Children and Youth

Supporting Brain Development in Traumatized Children and Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This fact sheet from the Children’s Bureau provides an overview of the effects of early trauma on brain development, including abusive head trauma (ABT), and how child welfare professionals can help promote healthy brain development through supportive services. It provides information about screening for developmental delays and identifying children and youth affected by trauma in their care. Next, this fact sheet looks at treatment options for trauma-affected children and youth.

Accession number
25752
Type new
Brief
Organization

Childrens Bureau

Series
Bulletin for Professionals
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Welfare Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/braindevtrauma/

Missed Opportunities in Youth Pathways Through Homelessness

Missed Opportunities in Youth Pathways Through Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This is the sixth in a series of Research-to-Impact briefs by Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago to understand and address youth homelessness. This brief presents data from the in-depth interview component of the Voices of Youth Count report. The researchers conducted 215 interviews with youth, ages 13 to 25, from five diverse counties across the United States: Cook County, Illinois; Philadelphia County, PA; San Diego County, CA; Travis County, TX; and Walla Walla County, WA. The findings show young people who deal with housing instability experience significant adversity, family disruption, and interpersonal trauma both before and after their homelessness. This brief recommends revisions within the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Authorizing Legislation (RHYA) based on these findings.

Accession number
25840
Authors
Samuels, G.M., Cerven, C., Curry, S., Robinson, S.R., Patel, S.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Research-to-Impact Briefs
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: http://voicesofyouthcount.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/ChapinHall_VoY…

Emotional Health Among Youth Experiencing Family Homelessness

Emotional Health Among Youth Experiencing Family Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article presents a study comparing the risk of suicidality and factors that may protect against it between youth who are homeless with adult family members and non-homeless youth. The researchers used cross-sectional data, representing 62,034 eighth- to 12th-graders, to estimate the emotional distress, self-injury, suicidal ideation, and attempted suicide in the past 12 months for youth who experienced family homelessness compared with housed youth. Overall, 4% of youth in the sample were homeless with an adult family member. Among these youth, 29.1% reported self-injury, 21% reported suicidal ideation, and 9.3% reported suicide attempts. The study found that developmental assets decreased the odds of these outcomes for all youth but were less protective for homeless youth. These findings indicate youth experiencing recent family homelessness are at higher risk of suicidality than their non-homeless peers, suggesting homelessness is itself a marker of risk. The researchers discuss the need for interventions among homeless youth to address social determinants of health such as stable housing and adversity in addition to developmental assets. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25686
Authors
Barnes, A.J., Gilberston, J., Chatterjee, D.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Pediatrics

Volume new
141
Year published new
2018
Availability