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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Emerging Adults

Transition From Foster Care to Independent Living: Ecological Predictors Associated with Outcomes

Transition From Foster Care to Independent Living: Ecological Predictors Associated with Outcomes
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Given the poor outcomes for youth aging out of foster care, and the small body of literature on what works to improve outcomes, this study was conducted to examine the youth characteristics associated with better outcomes and to explore transitional service program characteristics correlated with outcomes. A causal comparative research design was used, employing preexisting data. The researchers collected records of 329 foster youth from an agency in a large Texas urban/suburban area from the Transition Resource Action Center (TRAC) and Children’s Protective Services databases. To determine outcomes, the researchers used both TRAC’s Self-Sufficiency Matrix and case records. TRAC’s Self-Sufficiency Matrix has five domains: Education, Employment, Employability, Financial Literacy, and Shelter. The researchers examined differences in outcomes between youth who received TRAC services before and after leaving care as well as changes in overall Self-Sufficiency Matrix scores. They also analyzed which variables were predictive of scores on the Self-Sufficiency Matrix. The results of this study indicate that TRAC is having a positive influence on the youth receiving services. Youth showed significant improvement across four of the five identified domains and maintained on the fifth domain of employment. The researchers discuss the implications of these findings for future research, practice, and policy. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25544
Authors
Scannapieco, M., Smith, M., Blakeney-Strong, A.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal

Volume new
33
Year published new
2016
Availability

Full-text article available for download at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10560-015-0426-0

The Road to Adulthood: Aligning Child Welfare Practice with Adolescent Brain Development

The Road to Adulthood: Aligning Child Welfare Practice with Adolescent Brain Development
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This paper from the Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative offers recommendations on how to work effectively with youth in or emerging from foster care in the following areas: permanence, educational attainment, economic security, stable housing, and supports for young parents. The paper presents the latest research on adolescent brain development and how to apply this research to promote healthy brain development for youth in foster care. Since 2011, the Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative has led the Success Beyond 18 campaign to raise the age of foster care to 21 years nationwide and to push for foster care that is more supportive of adolescents and emerging adults. The report is intended for child welfare caseworkers and youth service providers, judges, lawyers, caregivers, teachers, coaches, and mentors.

Accession number
25652
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Annie E. Casey Foundation

Series
Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge on the Annie E. Casey Foundation website at: https://www.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-theroadtoadulthood-2017.pdf

Predicting Homelessness Among Emerging Adults Aging Out of Foster Care

Predicting Homelessness Among Emerging Adults Aging Out of Foster Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that examines risk and protective factors associated with experiencing homelessness in the year after youth age out of foster care. Using a state?level integrated administrative database, the researchers identified 1,202 emerging adults in Washington State who exited foster care between July 2010 and June 2012. They found that parenting youth, youth who had recently experienced housing instability, or who were African American had approximately twice the odds of experiencing homelessness in the year after exiting foster care. In addition, youth who had experienced disrupted adoptions, multiple foster care placements (especially in congregate care settings), or juvenile justice system involvement were more likely to become homeless. In contrast, youth were less likely to experience homelessness if they had ever been placed with a relative while in foster care or had a high cumulative grade point average relative to their peers. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25628
Authors
Shah, M.F., Liu, Q., Eddy, J.M., Barkan, S., Marshall, D., Mancuso, D., Lucenko, B., Huber, A.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

American Journal of Community Psychology

Volume new
60
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for download via purchase or subscription at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/ajcp.12098

Fostering Youth Transitions: Using Data to Drive Policy and Practice Decisions

Fostering Youth Transitions: Using Data to Drive Policy and Practice Decisions
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Annie E. Casey Foundation draws on national and state-level data to illustrate the challenges of young people who are in the foster care system. Data indicate that half of older teens age out without reuniting or connecting with family, one-third move from home to foster care multiple times, half have multiple placements, one-third stay in group homes or institutions, and less than a quarter receive adequate transition services. This report is designed to show state policymakers and other key stakeholders the need for better policies and practices to help improve outcomes for young people in foster care.

Accession number
25654
Type new
Brief
Organization

Annie E. Casey Foundation

Series
Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the Annie E. Casey Foundation website at: https://www.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-fosteringyouthtransitions-2018…