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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Economic Aspects

On the fringes: How youth experiencing homelessness conceptualize social and economic inequality-A Photovoice study

On the fringes: How youth experiencing homelessness conceptualize social and economic inequality-A Photovoice study
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This article describes a study that uses an innovative method to translate how youth experience homelessness and view social inequality. This study used Photovoice methods with young adults experiencing homelessness to collaboratively identify issues that are of greatest importance in an open‐ended, exploratory, and inductive manner. Participants selected two concepts to focus their inquiry: freedom and prosperity. Within these concepts, participants discussed nature as a source of inspiration, a desire to better themselves and to change their situations, and passion for contributing to social change by exposing economic inequality and raising awareness about homelessness. (author abstract modified)

Authors
Barman-Adhikari, A., DeChants, J. P., D, M. B., Portillo, A., Bender, K.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Community Psychology

Volume new
47
Issue
4
Year published new
2019

Two Futures: The Economic Case for Keeping Youth on Track

Two Futures: The Economic Case for Keeping Youth on Track
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report is the sixth in the Disconnection Youth series from Measure of America (MOA), a nonpartisan project of the Social Science Research Council, which began calculating the youth disconnection rate and analyzing its causes and implications for human development in 2012. The project defines disconnected youth, also known as opportunity youth, as teenagers and young adults between the ages of 16 and 24 who are neither in school nor working. This report presents key findings from a study of the life trajectories of individuals at approximately 5, 10, and 15 years after their period of youth disconnection. The researchers looked at the effects of the duration of disconnection by assessing the differences among individuals who were disconnected for one, two, or three or more years. They also estimate the future costs of disconnection, both for the young people who experience it and for the communities in which they live.

Accession number
25638
Authors
Lewis, K., Gluskin, R.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Social Science Research Council

Series
Measure of Americas Disconnected Youth Series
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Measure of America website at: https://ssrc-static.s3.amazonaws.com/moa/PSID2018_FINAL.pdf

Global Homelessness in a Post-Recession World

Global Homelessness in a Post-Recession World
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study of the global impact of the Great Recession of the late 2000s and early 2010s on trends for unsheltered homelessness in twenty of the largest municipalities in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The authors hypothesized a direct relationship between the recession and the level of homelessness. The Great Recession resulted in changes in homeless populations throughout the world. This economic crisis impacted economies in ways that put severe pressures on housing, particularly at lower-income brackets. The recession was generated by a housing bubble, which then constricted capital markets for housing. After the immediate crisis, economic stabilization was followed by stagflation or deflation with flat or decreasing wages in middle- to low-income brackets and high unemployment. Many governments responded with austerity measures to decrease public spending. The researchers focused on the roofless population (i.e., those without shelter of any kind, sleeping rough). In addition to affecting adults and families, the recession also affected unaccompanied youth. One 2012 study found that 75 percent of high school principals in California reported that the number of houseless or living insecure had increased among their students, even in schools within affluent neighborhoods. Results indicate no clear correlation between levels of homelessness and the Great Recession in most cities. While some cities experienced large increases in their identified homeless populations (e.g., London, Vienna, Berlin, Stockholm, Auckland, and Madrid), homelessness declined in other locations following the recession (e.g., Sydney, Budapest, and Tokyo). The authors conclude that there is a relationship between housing crises/recessions and street homelessness that is, however, mediated by factors such as policies, culture, demographics, and migration.   

Accession number
25424
Authors
Bainbridge, J., Carrizales, T.J.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

Marist College, Poughkeepsie, NY

Journal Name

Journal of Public Management and Social Policy

Volume new
24
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for download through the journal website at https://digitalscholarship.tsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1074&con….

Creating Entrepreneurship Pathways for Opportunity Youth: Experiences from the Youth Entrepreneurship Fund Grantees

Creating Entrepreneurship Pathways for Opportunity Youth: Experiences from the Youth Entrepreneurship Fund Grantees
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Aspen Institute explores the potential for using entrepreneurship to engage and create pathways for opportunity youth, by examining existing entrepreneurship programs and sharing emerging models for creating and adapting entrepreneurship programming targeted to the specific needs and aspirations of opportunity youth. The authors profile three sites (Del Norte County, California; Philadelphia; and San Francisco), which are part of the Youth Entrepreneurship Fund. This fund supports collaborative approaches to explore entrepreneurship as a pathway to economic self-determination and economic equity. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25869
Authors
Klein, J.A., Nemoy, Y.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

The Aspen Institute

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Aspen Institutes website at: https://www.aspeninstitute.org/publications/creating-entrepreneurship-p…