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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Disparities

Student Homelessness in Rural America

Student Homelessness in Rural America
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness (ICPH) presents national and state-level trends showing the highest rate of growth for student homelessness is occurring in rural communities. The U.S. Census Bureau defines rural communities as those located geographically outside of urbanized areas with fewer than 2,500 residents. ICPH found that over four school years from 2013 to 2017, the number of homeless students in rural areas increased by 11% compared with 3% nationwide. This report discusses the challenges of identifying and supporting these students and their families, federal funding levels to rural school districts, and the obstacles these students face specific to their rural environment. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25716
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness

Series
Community
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the ICPH website at: https://www.icphusa.org/reports/ruralreport/#thirty-eight-states-experi…

Student Homelessness in New York City: Disparities in Academic Achievement

Student Homelessness in New York City: Disparities in Academic Achievement
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness (ICPH) is part of its Student Homelessness in New York City series. In this report, ICPH looks at the disparities in academic performance between students who have experienced homelessness and their housed peers using data from state-mandated English Language Arts (ELA) and math exams. Homeless students were more likely to score at the lowest performance level on state assessments. ICPH determined that attendance and school instability are two of the strongest factors correlated with student performance. This disparity in academic performance leaves homeless students at a disadvantage to prepare adequately for future coursework and eventually graduate from high school. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25858
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Institute for Children, Poverty & Homelessness

Series
Student Homelessness in New York City
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the ICPH website at: https://www.icphusa.org/reports/disparities-in-academic-achievement/

Putting Equity at the Center: The Opportunity Youth Forum

Putting Equity at the Center: The Opportunity Youth Forum
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Aspen Institute discusses how the Opportunity Youth Forum emphasizes the role of equity when working with cross-sector, cross-system collaborative initiatives. Across the U.S., these initiatives focus on building and deepening the education and employment opportunities for opportunity youth, who are 16- to 24-year-olds out of work and school. The authors discuss four strategies to focus on equity: create a culture of equity across the local community; use disaggregated data to document and track disparities; focus on priority populations (such as foster-care youth or boys and men of color) to address the effects of structural inequity; and challenge existing institutionalized barriers. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25872
Authors
Miles, M., Nemoy, Y.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

The Aspen Institute

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Aspen Institute website at: https://aspencommunitysolutions.org/report/putting-equity-at-the-center/

Part II: Racial and Ethnic Equity: Disproportionality and Action Steps for Schools

Part II: Racial and Ethnic Equity: Disproportionality and Action Steps for Schools
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This research brief from SchoolHouse Connection looks at demographic and risk factor data of high school students experiencing homelessness compared with students not experiencing homelessness. It uses the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) results from 17 states during the 2016-2017 school year. These data indicate black students are 2.67 times more likely and Hispanic students are 1.68 times more likely to experience homelessness compared with white students. Based on these findings, SchoolHouse Connection urges schools to adopt a district-wide approach to overcome these racial and ethnic disparities. This brief provides action steps and additional resources for schools. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25789
Type new
Brief
Organization

Schoolhouse Connection

Series
Student Homelessness: Lessons from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the SchoolHouse Connections website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/YRBS-r…

Barriers to Success: Moving Toward a Deeper Understanding of Adversitys Effects on Adolescents

Barriers to Success: Moving Toward a Deeper Understanding of Adversitys Effects on Adolescents
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Center for Promise presents findings from four studies on adversity among youth and their primary caregivers. This report refers to Adverse Life Experience (ALE) to describe the multitude of severe challenges youth may face throughout their adolescence, which goes beyond the definition of Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE). Collectively, the studies found a high rate of ALEs among young people with disparities in exposure by income, maternal education, and race and ethnicity. Furthermore, the studies indicate that relationships could mitigate the effects of ALEs for youth and their caregivers. The authors offer recommendations for practitioners and policymakers to help lessen the negative outcomes of multiple adversities on the lives of America’s youth.

Accession number
25650
Authors
Porche, M.V., Zaff, J.F., Pan, J.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Americas Promise Alliance

Series
Center for Promise
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge on Americas Promise Alliance website at: http://www.americaspromise.org/report/barriers-success

Asthma Prevalence and Access to Care Among Homeless High School Students

Asthma Prevalence and Access to Care Among Homeless High School Students
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness (ICPH) presents three key findings from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) related to asthma and students experiencing homelessness. First, homeless students report higher rates of asthma compared with their housed peers across all racial and ethnic groups and locations (i.e., urban, suburban, and rural). Second, homeless students are three times as likely to be unsure of whether they have asthma. This disparity in diagnoses rates inhibits homeless students from managing their asthma. Third, once diagnosed, homeless students are less likely to have a school health center to help monitor their treatment and reduce missed school days and emergency room visits due to asthma attacks.

Accession number
25793
Type new
Brief
Organization

Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness

Series
Health and Well-Being
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the ICPH website at: https://www.icphusa.org/reports/asthma-prevalence-access-to-care-among-…