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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Demographic Factors/Variation

Student Homelessness in Rural America

Student Homelessness in Rural America
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness (ICPH) presents national and state-level trends showing the highest rate of growth for student homelessness is occurring in rural communities. The U.S. Census Bureau defines rural communities as those located geographically outside of urbanized areas with fewer than 2,500 residents. ICPH found that over four school years from 2013 to 2017, the number of homeless students in rural areas increased by 11% compared with 3% nationwide. This report discusses the challenges of identifying and supporting these students and their families, federal funding levels to rural school districts, and the obstacles these students face specific to their rural environment. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25716
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness

Series
Community
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the ICPH website at: https://www.icphusa.org/reports/ruralreport/#thirty-eight-states-experi…

Promising Gains, Persistent Gaps

Promising Gains, Persistent Gaps
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report is the fourth in the Disconnection Youth series from Measure of America (MOA), a nonpartisan project of the Social Science Research Council, which began calculating the youth disconnection rate and analyzing its causes and implications for human development in 2012. The project defines disconnected youth, also known as opportunity youth, as teenagers and young adults between the ages of 16 and 24 who are neither in school nor working. The report includes youth disconnection data for the United States by state, metro area, county, as well as by gender, race, and ethnicity. In addition, this report explores how youth disconnection differs in rural, suburban, and urban communities. This research is intended for policymakers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to target and tailor their youth-focused interventions and to assess the effectiveness of their efforts.

Accession number
25637
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Social Science Research Council

Series
Measure of Americas Disconnected Youth Series
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Measure of America website at: http://www.measureofamerica.org/youth-disconnection-2017/

Predictors of Running Away from Out-of-Home Care: Does County Context Matter?

Predictors of Running Away from Out-of-Home Care: Does County Context Matter?
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article presents a study that used child-level placement data from the Multistate Foster Care Data Archive (n=53,610) to examine the incidence of running away during the first out-of-home care placement among adolescents. The authors found that 17 percent who entered out-of-home care for the first time ran away at least once during their first spell. Consistent with prior research, this study shows the rate at which youth run away once in foster care varies by gender, race/ethnicity, age, and placement type. The findings suggest that county context (i.e., population density and socioeconomic disadvantage) matters, although the authors recommend additional research to better understand these relationships. In addition, they found evidence that using a screening or risk assessment process for youth entering out-of-home care may reduce the incidence of running away.

Accession number
25672
Authors
Dworsky, A., Wulczyn, F., Huang, L.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research

Journal Name

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research

Volume new
20
Year published new
2018
Availability

Entire periodical available on the HUD Office of Policy Development and Research website at: https://www.huduser.gov/portal/periodicals/cityscpe/vol20num3/Cityscape…

Patterns of Benefit Receipt Among Families Who Experience Homelessness

Patterns of Benefit Receipt Among Families Who Experience Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief, from the ACF Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE), compares participation rates in benefit programs of families in the Family Options Study with those of families in poverty from the same counties using American Community survey data. The authors found that families staying in emergency shelter are connected to benefit programs at similar or higher rates than other families in poverty in the same communities. This brief presents some evidence that continued housing instability makes families susceptible to either losing or difficulty accessing public benefits.

Accession number
25719
Authors
Khadduri, J., Burt, M.R., Walton, D.
Type new
Brief
Organization

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Series
Homeless Families Research Brief
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge on the OPRE website at: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/opre_patterns_of_benef…

Part IV: Vulnerability of Different Homeless Situations

Part IV: Vulnerability of Different Homeless Situations
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This research brief from SchoolHouse Connection looks at demographic and risk factor data of high school students experiencing homelessness compared with students not experiencing homelessness. It uses the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) results from 17 states during the 2016-2017 school year. The survey breaks down where students reported sleeping during the past 30 days. SchoolHouse Connections analyzed these data to determine the vulnerability of youth in different homeless living situations to health risk behaviors. Across the different categories, students were vulnerable to violence, suicide, substance abuse, hunger, bullying, and sleep deprivation. This brief provides action steps and additional resources for schools. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25791
Type new
Brief
Organization

Schoolhouse Connection

Series
Student Homelessness: Lessons from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the SchoolHouse Connection website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/YRBS-l…

Part II: Racial and Ethnic Equity: Disproportionality and Action Steps for Schools

Part II: Racial and Ethnic Equity: Disproportionality and Action Steps for Schools
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This research brief from SchoolHouse Connection looks at demographic and risk factor data of high school students experiencing homelessness compared with students not experiencing homelessness. It uses the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) results from 17 states during the 2016-2017 school year. These data indicate black students are 2.67 times more likely and Hispanic students are 1.68 times more likely to experience homelessness compared with white students. Based on these findings, SchoolHouse Connection urges schools to adopt a district-wide approach to overcome these racial and ethnic disparities. This brief provides action steps and additional resources for schools. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25789
Type new
Brief
Organization

Schoolhouse Connection

Series
Student Homelessness: Lessons from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the SchoolHouse Connections website at: https://www.schoolhouseconnection.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/YRBS-r…

National Trends on Youth in Crisis in the United States: An Analysis of Trends in Crisis Connections to the National Runaway Safeline over the Past Decade (2007-2017)

National Trends on Youth in Crisis in the United States: An Analysis of Trends in Crisis Connections to the National Runaway Safeline over the Past Decade (2007-2017)
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the National Runaway Safeline (NRS) looks at the qualities and characteristics of youth in crisis over the ten-year period from 2007 to 2017. NRS presents information about the gender, age, and race and ethnicity of the young people who contact the safeline. The report also includes data in the following areas: current crisis situation of youth, length of time on the street, whereabouts when contacting NRS, means of survival, and issues raised when reaching out for help.

Accession number
25651
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Runaway Safeline

Year published new
2018
Availability

Missed Opportunities: Youth Homelessness in Rural America

Missed Opportunities: Youth Homelessness in Rural America
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This is the fifth in a series of Research-to-Impact briefs by Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago to understand and address youth homelessness. This brief presents new evidence on the distinctive issues of youth homelessness in rural communities nationwide. Limitations in the data about youth homelessness in rural America have kept this issue somewhat hidden compared with urban communities; however, research shows that youth homelessness is as common in rural counties as it is in nonrural counties. This brief outlines the key findings of what youth homelessness looks like in rural areas and offers recommendations for policymakers, local stakeholders, and practitioners to improve the services and supports for this often-underserved youth population.

Accession number
25624
Authors
Morton, M.H., Dworsky, A., Samuels, G.M., Patel, S.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Research-to-Impact Briefs
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/Youth-Homelessness-in-Rur…

Linking Homelessness Vulnerability Assessments to Housing Placements and Outcomes of Youth

Linking Homelessness Vulnerability Assessments to Housing Placements and Outcomes of Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes an evaluation of the Transition Age Youth-Vulnerability Index-Service Prioritization Decision Assistance Tool (TAY-VI-SPDAT): Next Step Tool (NST) for homeless youth. The authors looked at connections between NST vulnerability scores, housing placements, and the stability of housing outcomes for youth using data from the Homeless Management Information System (HMIS) collected between 2015 and 2017 from 16 communities. They analyzed to what extent communities use NST recommendations when placing youth into housing programs and whether scores effectively differentiate between permanent supportive housing (PSH) and rapid rehousing (RRH) interventions based on need. They found youth with higher vulnerability scores at intake had higher odds of continued homelessness without housing intervention. This suggests the tool successfully prioritizes which youth need housing services in the context of limited resources. Furthermore, they found most youth with low scores returned home or otherwise overcame their homelessness. Youth in PSH had low recorded returns to homelessness, regardless of their initial NST scores. Youth in RRH with vulnerability scores up to 10 also had low returns to homelessness, but success was more variable for higher-scoring youth. (author abstract modified) 

Accession number
25668
Authors
Rice, E., Holquin, M., Hsu, H., Morton, M., Vayanos, P., Tambe, M., Chan, H.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research

Journal Name

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research

Volume new
20
Year published new
2018
Availability

Entire journal issue available free of charge on the HUD Office of Policy Development and Research website at: https://www.huduser.gov/portal/periodicals/cityscpe/vol20num3/Cityscape…

Homelessness in America: Focus on Youth

Homelessness in America: Focus on Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH) provides information about the scope of youth homelessness and the risks associated with young people becoming homeless. It also looks at what is known about unaccompanied youth who experience homelessness and patterns of homelessness that exist among this population. This brief outlines the areas USICH indicates still have significant gaps in available data. 

Accession number
25663
Type new
Brief
Organization

United States Interagency Council on Homelessness

Series
Homelessness in America
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the USICH website at: https://www.usich.gov/resources/uploads/asset_library/Homelessness_in_A…