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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Data Collection

Youth Involvement in the Sex Trade: A National Study

Youth Involvement in the Sex Trade: A National Study
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Center for Court Innovation produced this report in collaboration with the John Jay College of Criminal Justice about a study conducted to gain a representative portrait of the lives and needs of youth who are involved in exchanging sex for money, food, housing, drugs, or other goods. Funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention within the U.S. Department of Justice, the study provides a quantitative, multi-site analysis of findings from nearly 1,000 youth interviews across six sites, official criminal justice data sources, and interviews with service providers. The researchers used state and federal data sources to develop a national population estimate range of youth under 18 years of age who are engaged in the sex trade from a low of 4,457 to a high of 20,994. To date, the study has produced six reports providing comprehensive ethnographic findings concerning the lives of youth in the sex trade in each of the research sites: Atlantic City, NJ; the Bay Area, CA; Chicago, IL; Dallas, TX; Miami, FL; and Las Vegas, NV. The researchers selected geographically diverse sites that were deemed likely to possess a relatively sizable population of youth in the sex trade. The report summarizes the four principle study methodologies and presents findings from each methodology.

Accession number
25573
Authors
Swaner, R., Labriola, M., Rempel, M., Walker, A., Spadafore, J.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Center for Court Innovation

Year published new
2016
Availability

Full report available on the Center for Court Innovation website at: https://www.courtinnovation.org/sites/default/files/documents/Youth%20I…

Youth Engagement in Child Welfare Service Planning

Youth Engagement in Child Welfare Service Planning
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Children’s Bureau, within the Administration for Children and Families, funded a multi-phase grant program to build the evidence base on what works to prevent homelessness among youth and young adults. This initiative is called the Youth At-Risk of Homelessness (YARH). This issue brief looks at methods YARH grantees used to engage youth in the development of new comprehensive service models intended to reduce homelessness among youth who are in or formerly in foster care. The brief provides samples of YARH grantees activities. (abstract modified)

Accession number
25732
Authors
Gothro, A., Caplan, V.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Mathematica Policy Research

Series
Youth At-Risk of Homelessness (YARH) Issue Brief
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Mathematica website at: https://www.mathematica-mpr.com/our-publications-and-findings/publicati…

Toward a System Response to Ending Youth Homelessness: New Evidence to Help Communities Strengthen Coordinated Entry, Assessment, and Support for Youth

Toward a System Response to Ending Youth Homelessness: New Evidence to Help Communities Strengthen Coordinated Entry, Assessment, and Support for Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This one-page summary from Chapin Hall presents five findings from a study designed to help communities to develop coordinated, system-level responses to youth homelessness. Using a large national data set, the researchers analyze how risk assessment scores of young people, ages 15 to 22, relate to the services they receive. The researchers provide recommendations for stakeholders regarding coordinated entry, assessment, and support for youth in their communities. 

Accession number
25735
Authors
Morton, M., Rice, E., Blondin, M., Hsu, H., Kull, M.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/1pgr_Toward-a-System-Resp…

The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States

The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

To compile the largest data set on human trafficking in the United States, Polaris analyzed more than 32,000 cases of human trafficking documented between December 2007 and December 2016 through its operation of the National Human Trafficking Hotline and the BeFree Textline. From this data analysis, the researchers developed a classification system that identifies 25 types of human trafficking throughout the United States including escort services, domestic work, traveling sales crews, peddling and begging, agriculture, pornography, and commercial cleaning services, among others. Each category has its own business model, trafficker and victim profiles, recruitment strategies, and control methods that facilitate human trafficking. Using this research, stakeholders can begin to develop strategic campaigns to spur systematic action, unite disparate efforts, allocate limited resources, and facilitate effective interventions to combat this traditionally low-risk, high-profit crime. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25509
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2017
Availability

Full report available on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/sites/default/files/Polaris-Typology-of-Mode…

Supporting Young People Transitioning from Foster Care: Findings from a National Survey

Supporting Young People Transitioning from Foster Care: Findings from a National Survey
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Prepared for the Better Housing Coalition and Children’s Society of Virginia, this report from Child Trends focuses on older youth transitioning from foster care using federal outcome data and findings from a policy scan and national survey on services targeted to this population. The authors present the information in six key services areas: post-secondary education, employment/career development, financial capability, affordable housing, health/ mental health care, and permanent relationships with supportive adults. They offer the following recommendations based on the areas of strength for Virginia: keep monitoring data to inform decision making, build strong relationships across the state, and connect with similarly situated states. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25773
Authors
Fryar, G., Jordan, E., DeVooght, K
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Child Trends

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Trends website at: https://www.childtrends.org/publications/supporting-young-people-transi…

Putting Equity at the Center: The Opportunity Youth Forum

Putting Equity at the Center: The Opportunity Youth Forum
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Aspen Institute discusses how the Opportunity Youth Forum emphasizes the role of equity when working with cross-sector, cross-system collaborative initiatives. Across the U.S., these initiatives focus on building and deepening the education and employment opportunities for opportunity youth, who are 16- to 24-year-olds out of work and school. The authors discuss four strategies to focus on equity: create a culture of equity across the local community; use disaggregated data to document and track disparities; focus on priority populations (such as foster-care youth or boys and men of color) to address the effects of structural inequity; and challenge existing institutionalized barriers. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25872
Authors
Miles, M., Nemoy, Y.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

The Aspen Institute

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Aspen Institute website at: https://aspencommunitysolutions.org/report/putting-equity-at-the-center/

Missed Opportunities: Youth Homelessness in America: National Estimates

Missed Opportunities: Youth Homelessness in America: National Estimates
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This is the first in a series of Research-to-Impact briefs by Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago on understanding and addressing youth homelessness. This brief provides information from the Voices of Youth Count national survey on unaccompanied youth homelessness in America. The study captures youth homelessness broadly, including sleeping on the streets, in shelters, running away, being kicked out, and couch surfing. Overall, findings show 1 in 10 young adults ages 18 to 25, and at least 1 in 30 adolescents ages 13 to 17, experience some form of homelessness unaccompanied by a parent or guardian over the course of a year. In this brief, the researchers outline key findings and recommendations on how all young people can reach their full potential and contribute to stronger communities and economies across the country.  (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25517
Authors
Morton, M.H., Samuels, G.M., Dworsky, A., Patel, S.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Research-to-Impact Briefs
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Voices of Youth Count website at: http://voicesofyouthcount.org/brief/national-estimates-of-youth-homeles…

Missed Opportunities: Pregnant and Parenting Youth Experiencing Homelessness in America

Missed Opportunities: Pregnant and Parenting Youth Experiencing Homelessness in America
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This is a third in a series of Research-to-Impact briefs by Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago on understanding and addressing youth homelessness. This brief details the unique challenges faced by young people experiencing homelessness who are pregnant or parenting. The findings from this research indicate that the number of youth who are homeless and pregnant or parenting is substantial, which stands in stark contrast to the national decline in pregnancy and birth rates among both adolescents and young adults during the past two decades. Furthermore, many of these young parents are homeless with their children. These young people and their families are a particularly vulnerable population. Supporting this population is critical to ending homelessness among youth in the United States. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25519
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Research-to-Impact Briefs
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Voices of Youth Count website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/VoYC-PP-Brief-FINAL.pdf

Missed Opportunities: Counting Youth Experiencing Homelessness in America

Missed Opportunities: Counting Youth Experiencing Homelessness in America
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This is the fourth in a series of Research-to-Impact briefs by Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago on understanding and addressing youth homelessness. This brief describes key lessons learned from the Voices of Youth Count that involved point-in-time youth counts in 22 diverse counties across the United States. The brief summarizes the benefits of conducting youth counts for communities to gather information about the number and characteristics, including identifying any over-represented subgroups, of their local homeless youth population. Youth counts provide opportunities to connect youth to services, develop collaborative partnerships, and engage community members, including young people who have experienced homelessness, in the counting process.

Accession number
25583
Authors
Dworsky, A.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Research-to-Impact Briefs
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the Voices of Youth website at: http://voicesofyouthcount.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/VoYC-Youth-Cou…

Memo from CalYOUTH: Early Findings on the Impact of Extended Foster Care on Foster Youths Postsecondary Education Enrollment and Persistence

Memo from CalYOUTH: Early Findings on the Impact of Extended Foster Care on Foster Youths Postsecondary Education Enrollment and Persistence
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from Chapin Hall presents a study using data from a large sample of youth from California child welfare records to estimate the impact of extended foster care on postsecondary education outcomes. The sample includes youth who were in the child welfare system before and after the state of California extended foster care to age 21. The study looks at three outcomes: enrollment by age 21, persistence by age 21, and the number of semesters completed by age 21. The researchers found that extended foster care increases the likelihood that youth under supervised care will enroll in postsecondary education before turning 21 but does not increase the rates of persistence or the number of semesters completed among this youth population. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25736
Authors
Okpych, N.J., Park, S., Courtney, M.E.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/CalYouth-College-Enrollme…