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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

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Using a Predictive Risk Model to Identify Youth at Risk for Homelessness

Using a Predictive Risk Model to Identify Youth at Risk for Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Children’s Bureau, within the Administration for Children and Families (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services), funded a multi-phase grant program to build the evidence base on what works to prevent homelessness among youth and young adults who have been involved in the child welfare system. Known as Youth At-Risk of Homelessness (YARH), this program funded 18 organizations for the first phase for two years. During the planning phase, grantees conducted data analyses to help understand their local population and develop comprehensive service models to improve outcomes in housing, education and training, social well-being, and permanent connections. For the second phase, six of the 18 organizations received funding to refine and test their comprehensive service models with a three-year implementation grant. This issue brief describes the challenges, lessons learned, and next steps of one grantee—United Way of King County in Washington. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25489
Authors
Noble, C.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Mathematica Policy Research

Series
Youth At-Risk of Homelessness (YARH) Lessons from the Field
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Mathematica Policy Research website at:https://www.mathematica-mpr.com/our-publications-and-findings/publicati…

The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States

The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

To compile the largest data set on human trafficking in the United States, Polaris analyzed more than 32,000 cases of human trafficking documented between December 2007 and December 2016 through its operation of the National Human Trafficking Hotline and the BeFree Textline. From this data analysis, the researchers developed a classification system that identifies 25 types of human trafficking throughout the United States including escort services, domestic work, traveling sales crews, peddling and begging, agriculture, pornography, and commercial cleaning services, among others. Each category has its own business model, trafficker and victim profiles, recruitment strategies, and control methods that facilitate human trafficking. Using this research, stakeholders can begin to develop strategic campaigns to spur systematic action, unite disparate efforts, allocate limited resources, and facilitate effective interventions to combat this traditionally low-risk, high-profit crime. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25509
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2017
Availability

Full report available on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/sites/default/files/Polaris-Typology-of-Mode…

Supporting Young People Transitioning from Foster Care: Findings from a National Survey

Supporting Young People Transitioning from Foster Care: Findings from a National Survey
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Prepared for the Better Housing Coalition and Children’s Society of Virginia, this report from Child Trends focuses on older youth transitioning from foster care using federal outcome data and findings from a policy scan and national survey on services targeted to this population. The authors present the information in six key services areas: post-secondary education, employment/career development, financial capability, affordable housing, health/ mental health care, and permanent relationships with supportive adults. They offer the following recommendations based on the areas of strength for Virginia: keep monitoring data to inform decision making, build strong relationships across the state, and connect with similarly situated states. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25773
Authors
Fryar, G., Jordan, E., DeVooght, K
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Child Trends

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Trends website at: https://www.childtrends.org/publications/supporting-young-people-transi…

Suicide and Homelessness: Data Trends in Suicide and Mental Health Among Homeless Populations

Suicide and Homelessness: Data Trends in Suicide and Mental Health Among Homeless Populations
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This factsheet provides data on the prevalence of suicide in the United States and information about common risk factors for the general population and the increased risks among homeless populations. The National Health Care for the Homeless (HCH) Council developed this factsheet as part of a series related to emerging issues in the HCH field.  It includes data from a 2017 study that found school-age children and youth who are homeless are three times more likely to attempt suicide than their housed peers. The factsheet provides resources for additional information and support, including the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline. A list of references for the data sources is also provided. 

Accession number
25549
Authors
Poe, B.
Type new
Brief
Organization

National Health Care for the Homeless Council

Year published new
2018

Missed Opportunities: Youth Homelessness in Rural America

Missed Opportunities: Youth Homelessness in Rural America
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This is the fifth in a series of Research-to-Impact briefs by Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago to understand and address youth homelessness. This brief presents new evidence on the distinctive issues of youth homelessness in rural communities nationwide. Limitations in the data about youth homelessness in rural America have kept this issue somewhat hidden compared with urban communities; however, research shows that youth homelessness is as common in rural counties as it is in nonrural counties. This brief outlines the key findings of what youth homelessness looks like in rural areas and offers recommendations for policymakers, local stakeholders, and practitioners to improve the services and supports for this often-underserved youth population.

Accession number
25624
Authors
Morton, M.H., Dworsky, A., Samuels, G.M., Patel, S.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Research-to-Impact Briefs
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/Youth-Homelessness-in-Rur…

Missed Opportunities in Youth Pathways Through Homelessness

Missed Opportunities in Youth Pathways Through Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This is the sixth in a series of Research-to-Impact briefs by Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago to understand and address youth homelessness. This brief presents data from the in-depth interview component of the Voices of Youth Count report. The researchers conducted 215 interviews with youth, ages 13 to 25, from five diverse counties across the United States: Cook County, Illinois; Philadelphia County, PA; San Diego County, CA; Travis County, TX; and Walla Walla County, WA. The findings show young people who deal with housing instability experience significant adversity, family disruption, and interpersonal trauma both before and after their homelessness. This brief recommends revisions within the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Authorizing Legislation (RHYA) based on these findings.

Accession number
25840
Authors
Samuels, G.M., Cerven, C., Curry, S., Robinson, S.R., Patel, S.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Research-to-Impact Briefs
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: http://voicesofyouthcount.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/ChapinHall_VoY…

Integrated Data Are Key to Pay for Success

Integrated Data Are Key to Pay for Success
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief describes how one county government—Cuyahoga County, Ohio—used an integrated data system (IDS) to develop an innovative pay for success program to serve homeless mothers who have children in the child welfare system. The Cuyahoga program, called Partnering for Family Success, is the first county-level program in the United States. The brief provides background about pay for success or social impact bonds, which began in the United Kingdom in 2010. These agreements allow private and philanthropic investors to provide upfront funding to governments to operate and pilot new evidence-based social programs to save money for the government. Pay for success programs are treated as an investment rather than as traditional grants. The brief outlines the challenges faced by the program developers and how IDS helped them design and evaluate the Partnering for Family Success program. The IDS quickly identified eligible families who were involved with separate county departments. Once identified, the program helped remove housing barriers and connected mothers and their children with other resources, such as housing assistance, behavioral health services, trauma support, and case management.

Accession number
25443
Authors
The Annie E. Casey Foundation
Type new
Brief
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Annie E. Casey Foundation website at: http://www.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-integrateddataarekeytopayforsucc…

Homelessness in America: Focus on Youth

Homelessness in America: Focus on Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH) provides information about the scope of youth homelessness and the risks associated with young people becoming homeless. It also looks at what is known about unaccompanied youth who experience homelessness and patterns of homelessness that exist among this population. This brief outlines the areas USICH indicates still have significant gaps in available data. 

Accession number
25663
Type new
Brief
Organization

United States Interagency Council on Homelessness

Series
Homelessness in America
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the USICH website at: https://www.usich.gov/resources/uploads/asset_library/Homelessness_in_A…

From Evidence to Outcomes: Using Evidence to Inform Pay for Success Project Design

From Evidence to Outcomes: Using Evidence to Inform Pay for Success Project Design
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Urban Institute describes the need for understanding and interpreting evidence for pay for success (PFS) projects and in broader public decision-making. The authors discuss the growing body of social science research showing the importance of strong evidence to determine which projects will work. This brief defines evidence, why it matters to PFS projects, how to assess the quality of existing evidence, and what to do when only limited evidence is available. The authors contend that using evidence to make public welfare decisions improves government effectiveness and drives better outcomes for society.

Accession number
25690
Authors
Milner, J., Eldridge, M.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Urban Institute

Series
Pay for Success Initiative
Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the Urban Institute website at: https://pfs.urban.org/evaluation-toolkit/content/evidence-outcomes-usin…

Equity Counts: Tracking Opportunity Youth Outcomes

Equity Counts: Tracking Opportunity Youth Outcomes
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

In partnership with the Aspen Institute Forum for Community Solutions, Equal Measure worked on the Equity Counts initiative to develop a method to track opportunity youth outcomes across communities. In this report, Equal Measure discusses the importance of creating common measures for tracking opportunity youth outcomes, describes the greatest challenges associated with these efforts, and introduces a set of Common Measures that utilizes publicly available data to capture community-wide progress in connecting 16- to 24-year-olds to high school, post-secondary education, and the workforce. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25870
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

The Aspen Institute Forum for Community Solutions

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on Aspen Institutes website at: https://aspencommunitysolutions.org/report/equity-counts-tracking-oppor…