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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

criminal

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses how the juvenile justice system has generally handled domestic child sex trafficking (DCST) cases and how victim-centered approaches are now emerging from the field. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges interviewed judges from different areas of the country, both urban and rural, who have implemented court-based reforms for DCST cases. This report presents the major themes and lessons learned from these interviews and serves as a practical guide for judges who wish to improve outcomes for the children and youth involved in their DCST cases.

Accession number
25755
Authors
Bohannan, T., Cullen, C., Devault, A., Ely, C., Siegel, G., Trescher, S.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Series
Technical Assistance Bulletin
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCJFCJ website at: https://www.ncjfcj.org/DCST-Judicial-Voices

Strategies for Reducing Criminal and Juvenile Justice Involvement

Strategies for Reducing Criminal and Juvenile Justice Involvement
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Urban Institute published this brief as part of a series of policy recommendations from a project called Building Ladders of Opportunity for Young People in the Great Lakes. This brief describes how crime and justice involvement impact youth development and opportunity in general, and specifically in six Great Lakes states: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. The brief presents policies and practices that may help increase safety while reducing juvenile justice and criminal justice involvement and their negative effects on youth. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25642
Authors
Jannetta, J., Okeke, C.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Urban Institute

Series
Building Ladders of Opportunity for Young People in the Great Lakes States
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Urban Institute website at: https://www.urban.org/research/publication/strategies-reducing-criminal…

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project looks at existing state criminal record relief laws for survivors of human trafficking. Many survivors have arrest records and court documents for offenses stemming from their victimization in the commercial sex industry or labor sectors. As a result, survivors face barriers that affect their independence, stability, and safety. The authors assess the effectiveness of each state’s current laws, if any, and provide recommendations for improving and implementing meaningful laws to help survivors. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25746
Authors
Marsh, E., Anthony, B., Emerson, J., Mogulescu, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/criminal-record-relief-laws-survivors-human-…

On-Ramps, Intersections, and Exit Routes: A Roadmap for Systems and Industries to Prevent and Disrupt Human Trafficking

On-Ramps, Intersections, and Exit Routes: A Roadmap for Systems and Industries to Prevent and Disrupt Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project discusses how human trafficking business models attempt to intersect with and use legitimate businesses to recruit and exploit victims. These legitimate business industries include financial services, social media, hospitality, transportation, health care, and housing and homelessness systems. This report, a follow-up to The Typology of Modern Slavery, also looks at how victims can work with the same business systems to help free themselves from trafficking and begin to rebuild their lives. Polaris examines how businesses could help prevent and impede trafficking and provide aid to survivors. The report includes ideas and personal narratives shared with the authors by survivors of trafficking.

Accession number
25745
Authors
Anthony, B.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2018
Availability

Full report available for free on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/sites/default/files/A%20Roadmap%20for%20Syst…

Housing Not Handcuffs: Ending the Criminalization of Homelessness in U.S. Cities

Housing Not Handcuffs: Ending the Criminalization of Homelessness in U.S. Cities
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty (the Law Center) provides an overview of criminalization measures in effect across the country and looks at trends in the criminalization of homelessness, based on an analysis of the laws in 187 cities that the Law Center has tracked since 2006. This report analyzes local trends related to the enforcement of these laws and describes the growing federal trend to oppose and discourage local criminalization policies and practices. Next, the report discusses the ineffectiveness of laws criminally or civilly punishing life-sustaining activities among those experiencing homelessness, the cost of these laws to taxpayers, and how they often violate homeless persons’ constitutional and human rights. Finally, the Law Center recommends alternative practices for federal, state, and local governments to address the problem of visible homelessness in a sensible, humane, and legal way. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25720
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Law Center on Homelessness

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Law Centers website at: https://nlchp.org//wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Housing-Not-Handcuffs.pdf

Child Labor Trafficking in the United States: A Hidden Crime

Child Labor Trafficking in the United States: A Hidden Crime
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This article provides examples of documented cases of child labor trafficking in the United States and an overview of systemic gaps in the law, policy, data collection, research, and practice. According to this author, emerging research has brought more attention to labor trafficking in the United States; however, few efforts have been made to better understand or respond to trafficking of minors. Cases of children forced to work as domestic servants, in factories, restaurants, peddling candy or other goods, or on farms may not automatically elicit suspicion from an outside observer as compared to a child providing sexual services for money. In contrast to sex trafficking, labor trafficking is often tied to formal economies and industries, which often makes it difficult to distinguish from “legitimate” work, including among adolescents. The author maintains that the overwhelming focus on sex trafficking undermines the policy intentions of the Trafficking Protection Act of 2000, its subsequent reauthorizations, and international laws and protocols addressing human trafficking. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25479
Authors
Walts, K.K.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

Center for the Human Rights of Children

Journal Name

Social Inclusion

Volume new
5
Year published new
2017
Availability

Full-text article available for free download at: https://www.cogitatiopress.com/socialinclusion/article/view/914

Assessing Eligibility for Post-Conviction Relief for Survivors of Human Trafficking: Tips for Service Providers

Assessing Eligibility for Post-Conviction Relief for Survivors of Human Trafficking: Tips for Service Providers
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The American Bar Association (ABA) developed this tip sheet for service providers who work with survivors of human trafficking to assess their eligibility for post-conviction relief through expungement and vacatur laws. Unresolved criminal records can negatively affect survivors eligibility for services, programs, licenses, and jobs as well as their sense of empowerment and well-being. Therefore, the ABA suggests discussing with survivors the extent of their criminal legal involvement as part of their long-term support plans.

Accession number
25747
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

American Bar Association

Year published new
2018
Availability

Anti-Human Trafficking Task Force Strategy and Operations e-Guide

Anti-Human Trafficking Task Force Strategy and Operations e-Guide
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Office for Victims of Crime and the Bureau of Justice Assistance, both under the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), developed this resource to support local jurisdictions in their efforts to develop new or strengthen existing human trafficking task forces. This e-Guide provides strategies, case studies, and lessons learned from existing task forces. It also connects to other tools and resources. As a web-based publication, DOJ and its partners can periodically update the e-Guide with new resources and tools.

Accession number
25729
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

U.S. Department of Justice

Year published new
2019
Availability