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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Comparison Study

Well-being of Young Children after Experiencing Homelessness

Well-being of Young Children after Experiencing Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The ACF Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE) published this brief on the relationships between homelessness, enrollment in early care and education, and young children’s developmental outcomes after they leave emergency shelters. OPRE compared a sample of 925 children, ages 18 months to 59 months, 20 months after staying in emergency shelters with their same-age peers from all socioeconomic levels. The authors used nationally normative childhood developmental measures on developmental delays, school readiness, and behavioral challenges. In addition, the brief uses survey responses by parents to measure continued housing instability following a stay in emergency shelter and child care arrangements used by families during the 20-month period following the shelter stay.

Accession number
25682
Authors
Brown, S.R., Shinn, M., Khadduri, J.
Type new
Brief
Organization

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Series
Homeless Families Research Brief
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge from the ACF OPRE website: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/opre/resource/well-being-of-young-children-afte…

Patterns of Benefit Receipt Among Families Who Experience Homelessness

Patterns of Benefit Receipt Among Families Who Experience Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief, from the ACF Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE), compares participation rates in benefit programs of families in the Family Options Study with those of families in poverty from the same counties using American Community survey data. The authors found that families staying in emergency shelter are connected to benefit programs at similar or higher rates than other families in poverty in the same communities. This brief presents some evidence that continued housing instability makes families susceptible to either losing or difficulty accessing public benefits.

Accession number
25719
Authors
Khadduri, J., Burt, M.R., Walton, D.
Type new
Brief
Organization

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Series
Homeless Families Research Brief
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge on the OPRE website at: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/opre_patterns_of_benef…

Homeless Adolescents Perceptions of Positive Development: A Comparative Study

Homeless Adolescents Perceptions of Positive Development: A Comparative Study
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that used an inductive approach to examine adolescents’ views on positive development and their personal strengths and well-being. The study investigated the qualitative differences in perspective from two youth samples: youth who were homeless and youth participating in a residential 4-H program. The study recruited 38 young people from homeless shelters and a 4-H program to participate in focus groups. After conducting a content analysis of the narrative responses, the researchers found differences between these two groups in the areas of happiness, family support, identity, personal strengths, and risk avoidance. The findings indicate that homeless youth adapt to limiting ecologies, such as non-supportive parents, by seeking supportive relationships elsewhere as well as adjusting their views of happiness. The homeless youth also demonstrated more internal self-awareness compared with the 4-H adolescents. The authors conclude that by recognizing and capitalizing on the unique perspectives and strengths of adolescents from divergent environments, positive youth development and strengths-based programs and theory can more effectively benefit youth from diverse backgrounds. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25522
Authors
Dolenc Nott, B., Vuchinich, S.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Child and Youth Care Forum

Volume new
45
Year published new
2016
Availability

Full-text article available for download at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10566-016-9361-2