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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

Youth Involvement in the Sex Trade: A National Study

Youth Involvement in the Sex Trade: A National Study
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Center for Court Innovation produced this report in collaboration with the John Jay College of Criminal Justice about a study conducted to gain a representative portrait of the lives and needs of youth who are involved in exchanging sex for money, food, housing, drugs, or other goods. Funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention within the U.S. Department of Justice, the study provides a quantitative, multi-site analysis of findings from nearly 1,000 youth interviews across six sites, official criminal justice data sources, and interviews with service providers. The researchers used state and federal data sources to develop a national population estimate range of youth under 18 years of age who are engaged in the sex trade from a low of 4,457 to a high of 20,994. To date, the study has produced six reports providing comprehensive ethnographic findings concerning the lives of youth in the sex trade in each of the research sites: Atlantic City, NJ; the Bay Area, CA; Chicago, IL; Dallas, TX; Miami, FL; and Las Vegas, NV. The researchers selected geographically diverse sites that were deemed likely to possess a relatively sizable population of youth in the sex trade. The report summarizes the four principle study methodologies and presents findings from each methodology.

Accession number
25573
Authors
Swaner, R., Labriola, M., Rempel, M., Walker, A., Spadafore, J.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Center for Court Innovation

Year published new
2016
Availability

Full report available on the Center for Court Innovation website at: https://www.courtinnovation.org/sites/default/files/documents/Youth%20I…

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses how the juvenile justice system has generally handled domestic child sex trafficking (DCST) cases and how victim-centered approaches are now emerging from the field. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges interviewed judges from different areas of the country, both urban and rural, who have implemented court-based reforms for DCST cases. This report presents the major themes and lessons learned from these interviews and serves as a practical guide for judges who wish to improve outcomes for the children and youth involved in their DCST cases.

Accession number
25755
Authors
Bohannan, T., Cullen, C., Devault, A., Ely, C., Siegel, G., Trescher, S.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Series
Technical Assistance Bulletin
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCJFCJ website at: https://www.ncjfcj.org/DCST-Judicial-Voices

Toolkit for Building Survivor-Informed Organizations

Toolkit for Building Survivor-Informed Organizations
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This toolkit from the National Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance Center (NHTTA), a service of the ACF Office on Trafficking in Persons, is a collection of new and existing resources that build organizational capacity to collaborate with and support staff, volunteers, and consultants working for survivor advocacy. This toolkit is for anti-trafficking organizations, coalitions, task forces, volunteer programs, and other organizations who support those impacted by human trafficking. NHTTA plans to expand this toolkit continually using feedback from diverse stakeholders.

Accession number
25743
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

National Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance Center

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the OTIP website at: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/otip/resource/nhttacorgtoolkit

On-Ramps, Intersections, and Exit Routes: A Roadmap for Systems and Industries to Prevent and Disrupt Human Trafficking

On-Ramps, Intersections, and Exit Routes: A Roadmap for Systems and Industries to Prevent and Disrupt Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project discusses how human trafficking business models attempt to intersect with and use legitimate businesses to recruit and exploit victims. These legitimate business industries include financial services, social media, hospitality, transportation, health care, and housing and homelessness systems. This report, a follow-up to The Typology of Modern Slavery, also looks at how victims can work with the same business systems to help free themselves from trafficking and begin to rebuild their lives. Polaris examines how businesses could help prevent and impede trafficking and provide aid to survivors. The report includes ideas and personal narratives shared with the authors by survivors of trafficking.

Accession number
25745
Authors
Anthony, B.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2018
Availability

Full report available for free on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/sites/default/files/A%20Roadmap%20for%20Syst…

Interventions That Foster Healing Among Sexually Exploited Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Interventions That Foster Healing Among Sexually Exploited Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of interventions for sexually exploited children and adolescents in fostering healing with this population. The researchers conducted a systematic search that generated 4,358 international publications of which 21 met their inclusion criteria. Based on each intervention’s objectives and delivery method, the researchers organized the programs into five categories: 1) focused health and/or social services, 2) intensive case management models, 3) psychoeducational therapy groups, 4) residential programs, and 5) other. Their review found that most programs were gender-specific, targeting girls and young women with only one designed for boys and young men. The reviewed studies reported on a range of outcomes including psychosocial outcomes, risky behaviors, trauma responses, mental health, protective factors, and public health outcomes. Despite differences in delivery, most of the interventions did, to some degree, appear to foster healing among sexually exploited children and adolescents. The researchers maintain that the findings from this review have implications for researchers, policy and program developers, and frontline practitioners who can partner together to create evidence-informed, purpose-built, and thoughtfully delivered interventions. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25556
Authors
Moynihan, M., Pitcher, C., Saewyc, E.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Child Sexual Abuse

Volume new
27
Year published new
2018
Availability

Experiences of Youth in the Sex Trade in the Bay Area

Experiences of Youth in the Sex Trade in the Bay Area
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report represents one of six site-specific reports from a national multi-site study conducted by the Center for Court Innovation in collaboration with the John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention within the U.S. Department of Justice, the study aimed to estimate the size of the population of youth in the sex trade; describe their characteristics, experiences, and health and service needs; explore what services are available; and analyze arrest patterns and prosecution and recidivism outcomes when these yourh encounter the juvenile or criminal justice system. To complement the quantitative focus of the national multi-site report, this report and the five other site-specific reports endeavor to provide a rich qualitative account that reveals and gives voice to the experiences, perceptions, and needs of the relevant population. The Bay Area researchers conducted interviews with 187 youth, from which they analyzed 136 interviews that met their validity and reliability criteria.  

Accession number
25574
Authors
Jones, N., Gamson, J., Amato, B., Cornwell, S., Fisher, S., Fucella, P., Lee, V., Zolala-Tovar, V.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Center for Court Innovation, New York, NY

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the Center for Court Innovations website at: https://www.courtinnovation.org/sites/default/files/documents/Bay%20Are…

Experiences of Youth in the Sex Trade in North Texas: Shattered Lives

Experiences of Youth in the Sex Trade in North Texas: Shattered Lives
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report represents one of six site-specific reports from a national multi-site study conducted by the Center for Court Innovation in collaboration with the John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention within the U.S. Department of Justice, the study aimed to gain a representative portrait of the lives and needs of youth who are involved in exchanging sex for money, food, housing, drugs, or other goods. To complement the quantitative focus of the national multi-site report, this report and the five other site-specific reports endeavor to provide a rich qualitative account that reveals and gives voice to the experiences, perceptions, and needs of the relevant population. The Dallas researchers conducted interviews with 80 youth, ages 13 to 24, from which they analyzed 78 interviews that met their validity and reliability criteria.  

Accession number
25578
Authors
Martin, M., Champeau, H., Ullrich, S., Johnson, A., Cardarell, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Center for Court Innovation

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the Center for Court Innovation website at: https://www.courtinnovation.org/sites/default/files/documents/Dallas_0…

Experiences of Youth in the Sex Trade in Las Vegas

Experiences of Youth in the Sex Trade in Las Vegas
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report represents one of six site-specific reports from a national multi-site study conducted by the Center for Court Innovation in collaboration with the John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention within the U.S. Department of Justice, the study aimed to gain a representative portrait of the lives and needs of youth who are involved in exchanging sex for money, food, housing, drugs, or other goods. To complement the quantitative focus of the national multi-site report, this report and the five other site-specific reports endeavor to provide a rich qualitative account that reveals and gives voice to the experiences, perceptions, and needs of the relevant population. The Las Vegas researchers interviewed and analyzed data from 171 youth respondents between the ages of 13 and 24. When presenting an overview of Las Vegas, the researchers clarified the misconception that all prostitution is legal in Nevada. Prostitution is legal only in licensed brothels, not on the street or through escort services.

Accession number
25577
Authors
Wagner, B.M., Whitmer, J.M., Spivak, A.L.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Center for Court Innovation, New York, NY

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the Center for Court Innovation website at: https://www.courtinnovation.org/sites/default/files/documents/Las%20Veg…

Experiences of Youth in the Sex Trade in Chicago: Issues in Youth Poverty and Homelessness

Experiences of Youth in the Sex Trade in Chicago: Issues in Youth Poverty and Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report represents one of six site-specific reports from a national multi-site study conducted by the Center for Court Innovation in collaboration with the John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention within the U.S. Department of Justice, the study aimed to gain a representative portrait of the lives and needs of youth who are involved in exchanging sex for money, food, housing, drugs, or other goods. To complement the quantitative focus of the national multi-site report, this report and the five other site-specific reports endeavor to provide a rich qualitative account that reveals and gives voice to the experiences, perceptions, and needs of the relevant population. The Chicago researchers conducted and analyzed interviews with 202 youth, ages 13 to 24, who self-identified as having traded sex for money or other needs during the reporting period.

Accession number
25579
Authors
Schaffner, L., Buhr, G., Lewis, D., Roc. M., Volpintesta, H.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Center for Court Innovation, New York, NY

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the Center for Court Innovation website at: https://www.courtinnovation.org/sites/default/files/documents/Chicago_0…

Experiences of Youth in the Sex Trade in Atlantic City

Experiences of Youth in the Sex Trade in Atlantic City
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report represents one of six site-specific reports from a national multi-site study conducted by the Center for Court Innovation in collaboration with the John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention within the U.S. Department of Justice, the study aimed to gain a representative portrait of the lives and needs of youth who are involved in exchanging sex for money, food, housing, drugs, or other goods. To complement the quantitative focus of the national multi-site report, this report and the five other site-specific reports endeavor to provide a rich qualitative account that reveals and gives voice to the experiences, perceptions, and needs of the relevant population. The Atlantic City researchers recruited 119 youth, from which they analyzed data from only those participants who were under age 25 (n=98).

Accession number
25575
Authors
Marcus, A., Riggs, R., Rivera, S., Curtis, R.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Center for Court Innovation, New York, NY

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the Center for Court Innovation website at: https://www.courtinnovation.org/sites/default/files/documents/Atlantic%…