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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Cognitive Development

Heterogeneous trajectories of suicidal ideation among homeless youth: predictors and suicide-related outcomes.

Heterogeneous trajectories of suicidal ideation among homeless youth: predictors and suicide-related outcomes.
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The current study examined heterogeneous trajectories of suicidal ideation among homeless youth experiencing suicidal ideation over 9 months in a randomized controlled intervention study. Suicidal homeless youth (N = 150) were randomly assigned to Cognitive Therapy for Suicide Prevention (CTSP) þ Treatment as Usual (TAU) or TAU alone. Youth reported their suicidal ideation four times during a 9-month period. We also assessed pretreatment mental health, demographic information and session attendance as predictors of the subgroups, as well as suicide-related factors as outcomes at the 9-month follow-up. Growth mixture models suggested three distinct trajectory groups among youth: Fast Declining (74.7%), Chronic (19.3%), and Steadily Declining (6.0%). Youth in the Chronic group used more substances at baseline than the Steadily Declining group, were more likely to be White, non-Hispanic than the Fast-Declining group, and attended more CTSP sessions than other groups. Contrastingly, youth in the Steadily Declining group all experienced childhood abuse. Finally, youth in the Chronic group showed significant higher risk for future suicide compared to those in the Fast-Declining group at 9 months. Findings support the heterogeneity of treatment responses in suicide intervention among homeless youth, with implications to improve treatment efforts in this very high-risk population.

Authors
Wu, Q., Zhang, J., Walsh, L., & Slesnick, N.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Development and Psychopathology

Source

Wu_2022.pdf

Year published new
2022

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Therapy: A Primer for Child Welfare Professionals

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Therapy: A Primer for Child Welfare Professionals
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This fact sheet from the Children’s Bureau defines trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) as a treatment that combines elements of cognitive therapy, behavioral therapy, family therapy, attachment theory, and developmental neurobiology to help clients overcome trauma-related difficulties, including child maltreatment. TF-CBT may be an appropriate treatment for children and youth ages 3 to 18 who have experienced trauma or traumatic loss and present with post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, behavioral problems, and other related symptoms.

Accession number
25753
Type new
Brief
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/trauma/

Supporting Brain Development in Traumatized Children and Youth

Supporting Brain Development in Traumatized Children and Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This fact sheet from the Children’s Bureau provides an overview of the effects of early trauma on brain development, including abusive head trauma (ABT), and how child welfare professionals can help promote healthy brain development through supportive services. It provides information about screening for developmental delays and identifying children and youth affected by trauma in their care. Next, this fact sheet looks at treatment options for trauma-affected children and youth.

Accession number
25752
Type new
Brief
Organization

Childrens Bureau

Series
Bulletin for Professionals
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Welfare Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/braindevtrauma/