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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Chafee Foster Care Independence Program

Youth Subgroups who Receive John F. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program Services

Youth Subgroups who Receive John F. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program Services
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article looks at the underlying patterns of services receipt to prepare youth who are aging out of foster care. States are required to report John F. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program (CFCIP) service provision to the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD). The researchers used a population of 68,057 first-time youth who received CFCIP services in FY2011-FY2013 from the NYTD to identify underlying combinations of service receipt that may be influenced by youth-level and state-level characteristics. States could benefit from understanding existing service receipt patterns and gaps to optimize decisions on service delivery in order to meet youth needs and to identify specific services that may prepare youth aging out of foster care towards positive outcomes. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25874
Authors
Chor, K.H.B., Petras, H., Pérez, A.G.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Child and Family Studies

Volume new
27
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for download via purchase or subscription at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10826-017-1004-1

The Relationship between State Supports and Post-Secondary Enrollment among Youth Aging Out of Foster Care: An Analysis of the National Youth in Transition Database

The Relationship between State Supports and Post-Secondary Enrollment among Youth Aging Out of Foster Care: An Analysis of the National Youth in Transition Database
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article looks at the rate in which foster care alumni (FCA) use tuition and fee waivers, scholarships, or collaborative supports to enroll in post-secondary education. The researchers used a sample of more than 9,000 FCA from the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD) to examine the effectiveness of these programs. The results show that these initiatives can increase enrollment; however, the effectiveness varies significantly by state. Overall, the study demonstrates the limitation of legislated waivers and collaboratives to ensure a large percentage of youth will access and use these programs to enroll and persist in higher education.

Accession number
25787
Authors
Watt, T.T., Kim, S., Garrison, K.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Child Welfare

Volume new
96
Year published new
2018

The Parameters of Youth Welfare

The Parameters of Youth Welfare
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Capacity Building Center for States, a collaborative funded by the Children’s Bureau, offers guidelines to child welfare agencies on how to shift from being a child-focused welfare system to a youth-focused welfare system. A child-focused system is considered reactive and case-plan driven while a youth-focused system is more proactive, developmentally framed, and normalcy oriented.  This brief outlines the transformations needed at the organization and practice levels to better meet the needs of youth in foster care.

Accession number
25675
Type new
Brief
Organization

Childrens Bureau

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the Child Welfare Gateway website at: https://library.childwelfare.gov/cwig/ws/library/docs/capacity/Blob/119…

Specialized Case Management for Young Adults in Extended Federal Foster Care

Specialized Case Management for Young Adults in Extended Federal Foster Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Urban Institute highlights the types of challenges and emerging program and policy practices child welfare agencies and other providers and stakeholders are dealing with to address the needs of transition-age youth in extended foster care. Furthermore, it poses recommendations for creating a responsive child welfare system for young adults since many states have extended foster care eligibility to age 21, and some provide supportive services through age 23. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25863
Authors
McDaniel, M., Dasgupta, D., Park, Y.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Urban Institute

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Urban Institutes website at: https://www.urban.org/research/publication/specialized-case-management-…

Promoting Permanency for Older Youth in Out-of-Home Care

Promoting Permanency for Older Youth in Out-of-Home Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Children’s Bureau provides information for child welfare professionals about the importance of permanency planning for youth. This planning should include both legal permanency, such as decisions about reunification versus adoption, and relational permanency, such as identifying caring adults in the youth’s life. These adults may provide long-term support that can help youth transition to adulthood and may become a legal permanent option. The brief covers current federal legislation that supports youth permanency as well as strategies for permanency planning with youth. These include involving youth in permanency planning, strengthening reunification services, and helping youth maintain or establish relationships with kin.

Accession number
25844
Type new
Brief
Organization

Childrens Bureau

Series
Bulletin for Professionals
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free on the Child Welfare Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/bulletins_permanency.pdf

Promising Program Models for Extended Foster Care and Transition Services

Promising Program Models for Extended Foster Care and Transition Services
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This publication reviews how states are implementing extended foster care under the federal Title IV-E foster care program or comparable state programs. It covers the following programmatic elements: eligibility, placement settings, case management models, case review, and transition services. The authors discuss policy implications the Family First Prevention Services Act will likely have on extended foster care programs. The goal of this report is to help child welfare leaders continue to improve the design of extended care programs and better support the unique needs of older youth. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25785
Authors
Gaughen, K., Langford, B.H.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Annie E. Casey Foundation

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the AECF website at: https://www.aecf.org/resources/promising-program-models-for-extended-fo…

Older Youth Need Support Transitioning from Foster Care to Adulthood

Older Youth Need Support Transitioning from Foster Care to Adulthood
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This fact sheet from Child Trends uses infographics to show the experiences of older youth in foster care since the inception of the John H. Chafee Foster Care Independence Act in 1999. It also provides a brief overview of outcomes associated with participation in extended foster care and a policy timeline that highlights child welfare policies involving older youth. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25768
Authors
Rosenberg, R., Abbott, S., Sepulveda, K.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Child Trends

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Trends website at: https://www.childtrends.org/publications/fact-sheet-older-youth-need-su…

Missed Opportunities: Pathways from Foster Care to Youth Homelessness in America

Missed Opportunities: Pathways from Foster Care to Youth Homelessness in America
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This is the seventh in a series of Research-to-Impact briefs by Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago to understand and address youth homelessness. This brief highlights actions that child welfare systems, public systems, and nonprofit organizations can take to prevent young people who have experienced foster care from becoming homeless. It outlines the implications of four key child welfare policies and presents eight recommendations for policymakers, public system leaders, and practitioners to start discussing how to change laws, regulations, systems, and programs to prevent youth homelessness. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25776
Authors
Dworsky, A., Gitlow, E., Horwitz, B., Samuels, G.M.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Series
Research-to-Impact Briefs
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Chapin Hall website at: https://www.chapinhall.org/wp-content/uploads/Chapin-Hall_VoYC_Child-We…

Improving the Postsecondary Educational Attainment of Youth in Foster Care

Improving the Postsecondary Educational Attainment of Youth in Foster Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

In this chapter, the author examines what is known about the disparity in postsecondary educational attainment between youth in foster care and their non-foster care peers, the reasons for it, and existing federal, state, and institutional policies and programs that address this disparity. The author also discusses the unique role that community colleges can play in reducing this disparity and presents findings and recommendations from research on this topic. The chapter includes information about statewide initiatives in California and Virginia developed to address the specific needs of this student population.

Accession number
25552
Authors
Dworsky, A.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

New Directions for Community Colleges

Series
Enrolling and Supporting Foster Youth
Volume new
2018
Year published new
2018
Availability

Fact Sheet: Education and Workforce Related Policies Affecting Systems-Involved Youth

Fact Sheet: Education and Workforce Related Policies Affecting Systems-Involved Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This fact sheet from the American Youth Policy Forum provides information for researchers, policymakers, and practitioners about federal legislation and grants related to systems-involved youth. In particular, the fact sheet focuses on supporting secondary, postsecondary, and workforce success among youth involved with the juvenile justice system, the child welfare system, or both. 

Accession number
25711
Type new
Brief
Organization

American Youth Policy Forum

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the AYPF website at: https://www.aypf.org/resource/fact-sheet-education-workforce-related-po…