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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Adverse Childhood Experiences

The Prevalence of Safe, Stable, Nurturing Relationships Among Children and Adolescents

The Prevalence of Safe, Stable, Nurturing Relationships Among Children and Adolescents
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This article describes the study of safe, stable, nurturing relationships (SSNRs) among children and youth in the U.S. using a nationally representative sample of 4,503 children and youth ages 1 month to 17 years. The National Survey of Childrens Exposure to Violence II was designed to obtain up-to-date incidence and prevalence estimates of a wide range of childhood victimizations and information about parenting practices, social support, and stressful life events. To encourage healthy development in children and youth, a better understanding is needed of how exposure to violence and victimization is situated within broader risk contexts as well as those that may be protective or encourage resilience. The authors provide a comprehensive assessment of SSNR factors; examine interrelationships among different indicators of SSNRs; and investigate the consequences of SSNRs for child and adolescent mental health. Results of this study indicate that almost 25 percent of children and adolescents ages 5 to 15 lived in family environments with only moderate levels of safety, stability, and nurturance, while about 1 in 15 had consistently low levels across multiple domains. Lack of SSNRs appears to most heavily burden older adolescents and children living in nontraditional family structures. (Author Abstract-Modified) 

Accession number
25413
Authors
Turner, H.A., Merrick, M.T., Finkelhor, D., Hamby, S., Shattuck, A., Henly, M.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH

Journal Name

Juvenile Justice Bulletin

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention website at https://www.ojjdp.gov/pubs/249197.pdf

Screening for Adverse Childhood Experiences and Trauma

Screening for Adverse Childhood Experiences and Trauma
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Center for Health Care Strategies produced this brief as a technical assistance tool to help providers screen for exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and trauma among adult and pediatric patients. The brief draws from the findings of a multi-site demonstration pilot study called Advancing Trauma-Informed Care (ATC). The ATC study sought to identify trauma-informed methods for the health care sector. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25741
Authors
Schulman, M., Maul, A.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Center for Health Strategies

Series
Technical Assistance Tool
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the CHCS website at: https://www.chcs.org/resource/screening-for-adverse-childhood-experienc…

Laying the Groundwork for Trauma-Informed Care

Laying the Groundwork for Trauma-Informed Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the Center for Health Care Strategies outlines practical recommendations for health care organizations that would like to become more trauma informed. Using data from the pilot study sites of the Advancing Trauma-Informed Care national initiative, this brief offers a starting point for health care organizations to generate buy-in for trauma-informed care, educate staff about secondary traumatic stress, improve hiring practices, and enhance the physical, social, and emotional environments for patients with histories of trauma. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25742
Authors
Schulman, M., Menschner, C.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Center for Health Strategies

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the CHCS website at: https://www.chcs.org/resource/laying-groundwork-trauma-informed-care/

Key Ingredients for Successful Trauma-Informed Care Implementation

Key Ingredients for Successful Trauma-Informed Care Implementation
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief describes how to establish a trauma-informed approach at the organizational and clinical levels. It is a product of the multi-site demonstration project called Advancing Trauma-Informed Care, which is led by the Center for Health Care Strategies. The authors look at opportunities for improving care, reducing health care costs for patients with histories of trauma, and incorporating trauma-informed principles, which can lead to improved patient engagement, health outcomes, and provider and staff wellness. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25827
Authors
Menschner, C., Maul, A.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Center for Health Care Strategies

Year published new
2016
Availability

Human Trafficking of Minors and Childhood Adversity in Florida

Human Trafficking of Minors and Childhood Adversity in Florida
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study examining the link between human trafficking of minors and childhood adversity. The authors compared the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and cumulative childhood adversity (ACE score) among a sample of 913 juvenile justice-involved boys and girls in Florida for whom the Florida child abuse hotline accepted human trafficking abuse reports between 2009 and 2015 with those of a matched sample. ACE composite scores were higher and a score of 6 ACEs indicative of child maltreatment was more prevalent among youths who had human trafficking abuse reports. Sexual abuse was the strongest predictor of human trafficking: the odds of human trafficking were 2.52 times greater for girls and 8.21 times greater for boys who had histories of sexual abuse. Maltreated youths are more susceptible to exploitation in human trafficking. Sexual abuse in connection with high ACE scores may serve as a key predictor of exploitation in human trafficking for both boys and girls. (Author Abstract Modified)

Accession number
25395
Authors
Reid, J.A., Baglivio, M.T., Piquero, A.R., Greenwald, M.A., Epps, N.
Type new
Journal Article
Organization

Criminology Program, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL.

Journal Name

American Journal of Public Health

Volume new
107
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available by subscription or purchase at the journal website: http://ajph.aphapublications.org/toc/ajph/107/2.

Harnessing the Learning Community Model to Integrate Trauma-Informed Care Principles in Service Organizations

Harnessing the Learning Community Model to Integrate Trauma-Informed Care Principles in Service Organizations
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report presents findings from the Learning Community Model for Implementation, a project of the McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research at New York University Silver School of Social Work, in partnership with the National Council for Behavioral Health, to develop a promising methodology to help service organizations adopt and sustain the practices and principles of Trauma-Informed Care (TIC). The Learning Community enrolled 32 behavioral health organizations to determine their readiness to meet the seven TIC domains (listed in this report). By the end of the yearlong project, 92 percent of the participating organizations had implemented TIC in at least six of the seven domains. The authors define the TIC approach as well as the prevalence and effects of trauma, including Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs). 

Accession number
25528
Authors
Morrison, L., Alcantara, A., Conover, K., Salerno, A., Cleek, A., Parker, G., McKay, M., Sharp, C., Ligenza, L.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research, New York University Silver School of Social Work; National Council for Behavioral Health

Year published new
2016
Availability

Full report available for free download on the McSilver Institutes website at: http://mcsilver.nyu.edu/sites/default/files/reports/TIC-Implementation-…

Early Adopters of Trauma-Informed Care: An Implementation Analysis of the Advancing Trauma-Informed Care Grantees

Early Adopters of Trauma-Informed Care: An Implementation Analysis of the Advancing Trauma-Informed Care Grantees
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Urban Institute describes a pilot demonstration of six organizations as part of the Advancing Trauma-Informed Care (ACT) initiative of the Center for Health Care Strategies. Through this initiative, six organizations participated in a two-year pilot demonstration aimed at understanding how the health care sector can practically implement trauma-informed approaches. The pilot sites share their perspectives on adopting a trauma-informed organizational culture, training and hiring staff, promoting staff self-care, screening for trauma, delivering trauma-specific services, and involving patients in these efforts. The report looks at barriers and facilitators the organizations encountered as they implemented a trauma-informed approach.

Accession number
25849
Authors
Dubay, L., Burton, R.A., Epstein, M.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Urban Institute

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Urban Institute website at: https://www.urban.org/research/publication/early-adopters-trauma-inform…

Barriers to Success: Moving Toward a Deeper Understanding of Adversitys Effects on Adolescents

Barriers to Success: Moving Toward a Deeper Understanding of Adversitys Effects on Adolescents
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Center for Promise presents findings from four studies on adversity among youth and their primary caregivers. This report refers to Adverse Life Experience (ALE) to describe the multitude of severe challenges youth may face throughout their adolescence, which goes beyond the definition of Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE). Collectively, the studies found a high rate of ALEs among young people with disparities in exposure by income, maternal education, and race and ethnicity. Furthermore, the studies indicate that relationships could mitigate the effects of ALEs for youth and their caregivers. The authors offer recommendations for practitioners and policymakers to help lessen the negative outcomes of multiple adversities on the lives of America’s youth.

Accession number
25650
Authors
Porche, M.V., Zaff, J.F., Pan, J.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Americas Promise Alliance

Series
Center for Promise
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge on Americas Promise Alliance website at: http://www.americaspromise.org/report/barriers-success

Adverse Community Experiences and Resilience: A Framework for Addressing and Preventing Community Trauma

Adverse Community Experiences and Resilience: A Framework for Addressing and Preventing Community Trauma
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report looks at the relationship between community trauma and negative health and wellness outcomes at both individual and community levels, especially in areas that experience higher rates of violence. It outlines strategies to address and prevent community trauma and increase resilience by enlisting the help of those with lived experience in neighborhoods with high rates of violence. The report discusses how young people are affected by community trauma and ways to help them overcome these barriers and improve their outcomes.

Accession number
25852
Authors
Davis, R., Pinderhughes, H., Williams, M.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Prevention Institute

Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download on the Prevention Institute website at: https://www.preventioninstitute.org/publications/adverse-community-expe…

ACEs: Adverse Childhood Experiences/Trauma Pediatric Healthcare Toolkit

ACEs: Adverse Childhood Experiences/Trauma Pediatric Healthcare Toolkit
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This toolkit, intended for healthcare providers and their teams, provides information and resources on adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and the developmental and physical harms they may cause. One in four children in Maine experience two or more ACEs, including household dysfunction (parental substance abuse, witnessing domestic violence, loss of a parent), abuse (physical, sexual, and mental), neglect, and neighborhood violence. Children exposed to multiple ACEs have significantly higher rates of developmental delays, anxiety, depression, and other behavioral concerns. This toolkit provides background on ACEs, screening and treatment resources, tools for implementing the Survey of Well-being of Young Children (SWYC) developmental screening, and supporting research. Also included are printable factsheets from the American Academy of Pediatrics Resilience Project. 

Accession number
25392
Authors
MaineHealth, Maine Behavioral Healthcare, City of Portland Public Health Division
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Year published new
2017
Availability