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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Adolescent Health

Predictors of Adolescents First Episode of Homelessness Following Substance Use Treatment

Predictors of Adolescents First Episode of Homelessness Following Substance Use Treatment
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a study that sought to identify predictors of a young person’s first episode of homelessness during the 12 months after substance use treatment entry. The researchers used data from a longitudinal study of adolescents (n=17,911; aged 12 to 17 years) receiving substance use treatment throughout the U.S. The participants completed surveys at intake and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month intervals after intake. After excluding adolescents who reported previous experiences of homelessness, 5% of the study participants reported their first episode of homelessness over the 12 months after treatment intake. The final models indicate that those who were older, male, reported more victimization experiences, mental health problems, family problems, deviant peer relationships, and substance use problems (more treatment episodes and illicit drug dependence) were more likely to report experiencing homelessness. The findings show that Hispanic/Latino adolescents were less likely to experience homelessness compared with white adolescents. The results point to the important risk and protective factors that can be assessed at treatment entry to identify adolescents at greater risk of experiencing their first episode of homelessness. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25884
Authors
DiGuiseppi, G.T., Davis, J.P., Leightley, D., Rice, E.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Adolescent Health

Volume new
66
Year published new
2020
Availability

Emotional Health Among Youth Experiencing Family Homelessness

Emotional Health Among Youth Experiencing Family Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article presents a study comparing the risk of suicidality and factors that may protect against it between youth who are homeless with adult family members and non-homeless youth. The researchers used cross-sectional data, representing 62,034 eighth- to 12th-graders, to estimate the emotional distress, self-injury, suicidal ideation, and attempted suicide in the past 12 months for youth who experienced family homelessness compared with housed youth. Overall, 4% of youth in the sample were homeless with an adult family member. Among these youth, 29.1% reported self-injury, 21% reported suicidal ideation, and 9.3% reported suicide attempts. The study found that developmental assets decreased the odds of these outcomes for all youth but were less protective for homeless youth. These findings indicate youth experiencing recent family homelessness are at higher risk of suicidality than their non-homeless peers, suggesting homelessness is itself a marker of risk. The researchers discuss the need for interventions among homeless youth to address social determinants of health such as stable housing and adversity in addition to developmental assets. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25686
Authors
Barnes, A.J., Gilberston, J., Chatterjee, D.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Pediatrics

Volume new
141
Year published new
2018
Availability