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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

transitioning youth

Youth Subgroups who Receive John F. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program Services

Youth Subgroups who Receive John F. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program Services
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article looks at the underlying patterns of services receipt to prepare youth who are aging out of foster care. States are required to report John F. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program (CFCIP) service provision to the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD). The researchers used a population of 68,057 first-time youth who received CFCIP services in FY2011-FY2013 from the NYTD to identify underlying combinations of service receipt that may be influenced by youth-level and state-level characteristics. States could benefit from understanding existing service receipt patterns and gaps to optimize decisions on service delivery in order to meet youth needs and to identify specific services that may prepare youth aging out of foster care towards positive outcomes. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25874
Authors
Chor, K.H.B., Petras, H., Pérez, A.G.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Child and Family Studies

Volume new
27
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for download via purchase or subscription at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10826-017-1004-1

Working with Youth to Develop a Transition Plan

Working with Youth to Develop a Transition Plan
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide from the Children’s Bureau outlines the federal legislative requirements of transition plans for child welfare professionals and other providers who work with youth aging out of foster care. It provides information about the planning process that includes breaking down long term goals into incremental goals that are specific and measurable. This guide discusses how caseworkers can partner with transitioning youth to develop a strength-based plan that supports their needs over time. It includes additional resources.

Accession number
25756
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Childrens Bureau

Series
Bulletin for Professionals
Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website at: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/transitional_plan.pdf

Utilizing Coaching to Prevent Homelessness Among Transition-Age Youth with Foster Care Histories

Utilizing Coaching to Prevent Homelessness Among Transition-Age Youth with Foster Care Histories
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief provides an overview of how child welfare providers can use a coach-like engagement approach to work with at-risk youth. During Phase I, a Youth At-Risk of Homelessness (YARH) grantee in Colorado developed an intervention model to prevent and address homelessness among transition-age youth. The authors describe the Pathways to Success model as an intensive, youth-driven, case management approach designed for youth ages 14 to 21 who are currently in foster care, preparing to age out, or have already aged out and become homeless. Furthermore, the model uses a coaching method adapted from the Co-Active Life Coaching model originally designed for adult and college student populations. Now in Phase II, the grantee has implemented the program in three collaborative test sites that represent urban, suburban, and rural communities across Colorado. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25802
Authors
Prendergast, T., Davis, L.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Center for Policy Research

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Center for Policy Research website at: https://centerforpolicyresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/RB2_Coaching_Fin…

Transition From Foster Care to Independent Living: Ecological Predictors Associated with Outcomes

Transition From Foster Care to Independent Living: Ecological Predictors Associated with Outcomes
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Given the poor outcomes for youth aging out of foster care, and the small body of literature on what works to improve outcomes, this study was conducted to examine the youth characteristics associated with better outcomes and to explore transitional service program characteristics correlated with outcomes. A causal comparative research design was used, employing preexisting data. The researchers collected records of 329 foster youth from an agency in a large Texas urban/suburban area from the Transition Resource Action Center (TRAC) and Children’s Protective Services databases. To determine outcomes, the researchers used both TRAC’s Self-Sufficiency Matrix and case records. TRAC’s Self-Sufficiency Matrix has five domains: Education, Employment, Employability, Financial Literacy, and Shelter. The researchers examined differences in outcomes between youth who received TRAC services before and after leaving care as well as changes in overall Self-Sufficiency Matrix scores. They also analyzed which variables were predictive of scores on the Self-Sufficiency Matrix. The results of this study indicate that TRAC is having a positive influence on the youth receiving services. Youth showed significant improvement across four of the five identified domains and maintained on the fifth domain of employment. The researchers discuss the implications of these findings for future research, practice, and policy. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25544
Authors
Scannapieco, M., Smith, M., Blakeney-Strong, A.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal

Volume new
33
Year published new
2016
Availability

Full-text article available for download at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10560-015-0426-0

The Impact of Transitional Programmes on Post-Transition Outcomes for Youth Leaving Out-of-Home Care: A Meta-Analysis

The Impact of Transitional Programmes on Post-Transition Outcomes for Youth Leaving Out-of-Home Care: A Meta-Analysis
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article describes a meta-analysis of internationally published literature from 1990 to 2014 investigating the impact of transitional program participation among youth ages 15 to 24. The study focused on post-transition outcomes related to housing, education, employment, mental health, and substance abuse. After conducting a comprehensive database search, the researchers found 19 studies, all from the United States, that met their inclusion criteria. They found that the most frequently described housing outcomes were living independently and homelessness. The rates of post-transition employment varied while the rates of post-secondary education were low. Furthermore, transitioning youth commonly reported depression and alcohol use. The findings from this meta-analysis indicate that attention should be given to the potential benefits of transitional program participation on outcomes such as housing, employment, and education. Further analyses showed that these benefits may differ based on study design, sample size, and sampling unit, but not for mean age or gender. Further detailed and rigorous research internationally is needed to examine the characteristics of transitional programs that produce more successful outcomes for youth, and whether these outcomes are sustained longitudinally. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25545
Authors
Heerde, J.A., Hemphill, S.A., Scholes-Balog, K.E.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Health and Social Care in the Community

Volume new
26
Year published new
2018
Availability

Full-text article and supplement available for free download at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/hsc.12348

The Economic Well-Being of Youth Transitioning from Foster Care: Opportunity Passport Participant Survey Results Show Employment Helps Many Thrive

The Economic Well-Being of Youth Transitioning from Foster Care: Opportunity Passport Participant Survey Results Show Employment Helps Many Thrive
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Jim Casey Initiative’s Opportunity Passport program is a matched-savings intervention to help improve the financial capabilities of young people as they transition from foster care to adulthood. This research brief presents key findings from the survey data of program participants since 2008. The employment data includes rates, full-time status, average hours worked per week, hourly wages, and training experiences. Results indicate that Opportunity Passport participants seem to be faring well in employment. A higher proportion of Opportunity Passport participants are employed compared with young people in the general population as well as 17- and 19-year old National Youth in Transition Database respondents. However, some participants lagged behind others in employment gains, including young parents and young people in group placements.The brief provides recommendations for how policymakers and service providers should use this information to more effectively support young people. 

Accession number
25653
Type new
Brief
Organization

Annie E. Casey Foundation

Series
Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available free of charge on the Annie E. Casey website at: https://www.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-theeconomicwellbeingofyouth-201…

Supporting Young People Transitioning from Foster Care: Findings from a National Survey

Supporting Young People Transitioning from Foster Care: Findings from a National Survey
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Prepared for the Better Housing Coalition and Children’s Society of Virginia, this report from Child Trends focuses on older youth transitioning from foster care using federal outcome data and findings from a policy scan and national survey on services targeted to this population. The authors present the information in six key services areas: post-secondary education, employment/career development, financial capability, affordable housing, health/ mental health care, and permanent relationships with supportive adults. They offer the following recommendations based on the areas of strength for Virginia: keep monitoring data to inform decision making, build strong relationships across the state, and connect with similarly situated states. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25773
Authors
Fryar, G., Jordan, E., DeVooght, K
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Child Trends

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Trends website at: https://www.childtrends.org/publications/supporting-young-people-transi…

Supporting Older Youth Beyond Age 18: Examining Data and Trends in Extended Foster Care

Supporting Older Youth Beyond Age 18: Examining Data and Trends in Extended Foster Care
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report looks at the relationship between extended foster care and young adult outcomes. The researchers analyzed data from three national datasets on foster care history, independent living services, and extended foster care. They found that extended foster care is associated with better young adult outcomes and receipt of independent youth services. Despite the low rates of utilization in many states, extended foster care appears to benefit young people as they transition to adulthood. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25757
Authors
Rosenberg, R., Abbott, S.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Child Trends

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the Child Trends website at: https://www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/ExtendedFosterCa…

Strategies for Reducing Criminal and Juvenile Justice Involvement

Strategies for Reducing Criminal and Juvenile Justice Involvement
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Urban Institute published this brief as part of a series of policy recommendations from a project called Building Ladders of Opportunity for Young People in the Great Lakes. This brief describes how crime and justice involvement impact youth development and opportunity in general, and specifically in six Great Lakes states: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. The brief presents policies and practices that may help increase safety while reducing juvenile justice and criminal justice involvement and their negative effects on youth. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25642
Authors
Jannetta, J., Okeke, C.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Urban Institute

Series
Building Ladders of Opportunity for Young People in the Great Lakes States
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Urban Institute website at: https://www.urban.org/research/publication/strategies-reducing-criminal…

Strategies for Promoting Successful Transitions to Adulthood, Higher Education, and the Workforce

Strategies for Promoting Successful Transitions to Adulthood, Higher Education, and the Workforce
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Urban Institute published this brief as part of a series of policy recommendations from a project called Building Ladders of Opportunity for Young People in the Great Lakes. This brief explores why the transition to adulthood matters, the challenges transitioning youth face, and how this population predicts the future economic success of the region, which includes parts of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. The brief offers effective and promising strategies that leverage funding and partnerships to support improved outcomes for Great Lakes youth. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25641
Authors
Spaulding, S.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Urban Institute

Series
Building Ladders of Opportunity for Young People in the Great Lakes States
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Urban Institute website at: https://www.urban.org/research/publication/strategies-promoting-success…