Skip to main content
National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

sex trafficking

Youth Involvement in the Sex Trade: A National Study

Youth Involvement in the Sex Trade: A National Study
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Center for Court Innovation produced this report in collaboration with the John Jay College of Criminal Justice about a study conducted to gain a representative portrait of the lives and needs of youth who are involved in exchanging sex for money, food, housing, drugs, or other goods. Funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention within the U.S. Department of Justice, the study provides a quantitative, multi-site analysis of findings from nearly 1,000 youth interviews across six sites, official criminal justice data sources, and interviews with service providers. The researchers used state and federal data sources to develop a national population estimate range of youth under 18 years of age who are engaged in the sex trade from a low of 4,457 to a high of 20,994. To date, the study has produced six reports providing comprehensive ethnographic findings concerning the lives of youth in the sex trade in each of the research sites: Atlantic City, NJ; the Bay Area, CA; Chicago, IL; Dallas, TX; Miami, FL; and Las Vegas, NV. The researchers selected geographically diverse sites that were deemed likely to possess a relatively sizable population of youth in the sex trade. The report summarizes the four principle study methodologies and presents findings from each methodology.

Accession number
25573
Authors
Swaner, R., Labriola, M., Rempel, M., Walker, A., Spadafore, J.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Center for Court Innovation

Year published new
2016
Availability

Full report available on the Center for Court Innovation website at: https://www.courtinnovation.org/sites/default/files/documents/Youth%20I…

What You Need to Know: Sex Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation: A Training Tool for Parents of Teens

What You Need to Know: Sex Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation: A Training Tool for Parents of Teens
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This training tool for parents of teens helps to increase awareness about sex trafficking and sexual exploitation. It describes how teens often become victims of sex trafficking and why some are more susceptible to exploitation. The authors describe how pimps, known as traffickers, lure in their victims through the three T’s of trafficking: target, trick, and traumatize. This guide tells parents how to protect their children from sex trafficking, how to keep them safe on social media, and what red flags to look for that may indicate possible trafficking. The authors provide guidance for parents who suspect their children have been victimized. The training tool includes resources on where to seek help or report suspected trafficking.

Accession number
25586
Authors
Roe-Sepowitz, D., Bayless, A.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

ASU School of Social Work Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research

Year published new
2016

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses how the juvenile justice system has generally handled domestic child sex trafficking (DCST) cases and how victim-centered approaches are now emerging from the field. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges interviewed judges from different areas of the country, both urban and rural, who have implemented court-based reforms for DCST cases. This report presents the major themes and lessons learned from these interviews and serves as a practical guide for judges who wish to improve outcomes for the children and youth involved in their DCST cases.

Accession number
25755
Authors
Bohannan, T., Cullen, C., Devault, A., Ely, C., Siegel, G., Trescher, S.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Series
Technical Assistance Bulletin
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCJFCJ website at: https://www.ncjfcj.org/DCST-Judicial-Voices

Understanding and Addressing Trauma and Child Sex Trafficking

Understanding and Addressing Trauma and Child Sex Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This policy brief provides information on child sex trafficking in the U.S. and around the world. It gives the Trafficking Victims Protection Acts definition of child sex trafficking and describes risk factors and potential consequences to the individual of experiencing trafficking. It notes that child sex trafficking can lead to sexual, physical, and emotional injuries and severe lifelong health, social, educational, legal, and economic problems for survivors. Also discussed are actions that can address child sex trafficking and services the National Child Traumatic Stress Network can provide.  

Accession number
25418
Authors
National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Type new
Brief
Series
NCTSN Policy Briefs
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for download free of charge from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network at http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/understanding_and_….

Toolkit for Building Survivor-Informed Organizations

Toolkit for Building Survivor-Informed Organizations
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This toolkit from the National Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance Center (NHTTA), a service of the ACF Office on Trafficking in Persons, is a collection of new and existing resources that build organizational capacity to collaborate with and support staff, volunteers, and consultants working for survivor advocacy. This toolkit is for anti-trafficking organizations, coalitions, task forces, volunteer programs, and other organizations who support those impacted by human trafficking. NHTTA plans to expand this toolkit continually using feedback from diverse stakeholders.

Accession number
25743
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

National Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance Center

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the OTIP website at: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/otip/resource/nhttacorgtoolkit

The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States

The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

To compile the largest data set on human trafficking in the United States, Polaris analyzed more than 32,000 cases of human trafficking documented between December 2007 and December 2016 through its operation of the National Human Trafficking Hotline and the BeFree Textline. From this data analysis, the researchers developed a classification system that identifies 25 types of human trafficking throughout the United States including escort services, domestic work, traveling sales crews, peddling and begging, agriculture, pornography, and commercial cleaning services, among others. Each category has its own business model, trafficker and victim profiles, recruitment strategies, and control methods that facilitate human trafficking. Using this research, stakeholders can begin to develop strategic campaigns to spur systematic action, unite disparate efforts, allocate limited resources, and facilitate effective interventions to combat this traditionally low-risk, high-profit crime. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25509
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2017
Availability

Full report available on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/sites/default/files/Polaris-Typology-of-Mode…

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking

State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report from the Polaris Project looks at existing state criminal record relief laws for survivors of human trafficking. Many survivors have arrest records and court documents for offenses stemming from their victimization in the commercial sex industry or labor sectors. As a result, survivors face barriers that affect their independence, stability, and safety. The authors assess the effectiveness of each state’s current laws, if any, and provide recommendations for improving and implementing meaningful laws to help survivors. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25746
Authors
Marsh, E., Anthony, B., Emerson, J., Mogulescu, K.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Polaris Project

Year published new
2019
Availability

Available free of charge on the Polaris Project website at: https://polarisproject.org/criminal-record-relief-laws-survivors-human-…

Screening for Human Trafficking among Homeless Young Adults

Screening for Human Trafficking among Homeless Young Adults
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop a screening tool for sex trafficking, labor trafficking, or both among homeless young adults. It also looked at whether homeless youth who have experienced trafficking have different needs than those who have not. The researchers pretested a screening tool with 307 participants, ages 18 to 22, who were receiving services from Covenant House in New Jersey. From this testing, they validated Quick Youth Indicators for Trafficking (QYIT), a user-friendly screening tool that does not require trafficking expertise to administer in the field. During this process, the researchers found that labor trafficking is a significant form of trafficking among homeless youth. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25754
Authors
Chisolm-Straker, M., Sze, J., Einbond, J., White, J., Stoklosa, H.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Children and Youth Services Review

Volume new
98
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download from journal homepage at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190740918307540?via…

Responding to Youth Homelessness: A Key Strategy for Preventing Human Trafficking

Responding to Youth Homelessness: A Key Strategy for Preventing Human Trafficking
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The National Network for Youth (NN4Y) released this white paper as a call to action to prevent youth homelessness as a key strategy to also prevent human trafficking given the high rate of co-occurrence. Multiple studies indicate that 19 to 40 percent of youth and young adults experiencing homelessness are also victims of trafficking. The author compiles and summarizes current research about the prevalence of youth homelessness and labor and sex trafficking and discusses some of the common pathways and circumstances that make youth vulnerable to both homelessness and trafficking. The paper outlines the organization’s recommendations for policymakers, educators, youth service providers, and law enforcement to prevent young people from experiencing homelessness or trafficking and specifies what vulnerable youth need to avoid being trafficked.

Accession number
25623
Authors
Pilnik, L.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Network for Youth

Year published new
2018
Availability

Full text available for free on the National Network for Youth website: https://www.nn4youth.org/wp-content/uploads/NN4Y-2018-white-paper-human…

Polyvictimization and Developmental Trauma Adaptations in Sex Trafficked Youth

Polyvictimization and Developmental Trauma Adaptations in Sex Trafficked Youth
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This journal article presents a qualitative study of 32 cases of young people who were sex trafficked as minors. The author reviews their cases for histories of early adversity and polyvictimization and any common coercive strategies of traffickers, including manipulation of the victims’ unmet physical and emotional needs. The study describes developmental trauma adaptations in these youth, including affect dysregulation and impulsivity; changes in attention and consciousness; interpersonal relationship issues; and impairments in self-perception and attributions. Based on these findings, the author recommends developmentally and culturally appropriate trauma-informed services for sex trafficked children and youth.

Accession number
25659
Authors
Hopper, E.K.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma

Volume new
10
Year published new
2017