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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

juvenile justice

Youth Involvement in the Sex Trade: A National Study

Youth Involvement in the Sex Trade: A National Study
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Center for Court Innovation produced this report in collaboration with the John Jay College of Criminal Justice about a study conducted to gain a representative portrait of the lives and needs of youth who are involved in exchanging sex for money, food, housing, drugs, or other goods. Funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention within the U.S. Department of Justice, the study provides a quantitative, multi-site analysis of findings from nearly 1,000 youth interviews across six sites, official criminal justice data sources, and interviews with service providers. The researchers used state and federal data sources to develop a national population estimate range of youth under 18 years of age who are engaged in the sex trade from a low of 4,457 to a high of 20,994. To date, the study has produced six reports providing comprehensive ethnographic findings concerning the lives of youth in the sex trade in each of the research sites: Atlantic City, NJ; the Bay Area, CA; Chicago, IL; Dallas, TX; Miami, FL; and Las Vegas, NV. The researchers selected geographically diverse sites that were deemed likely to possess a relatively sizable population of youth in the sex trade. The report summarizes the four principle study methodologies and presents findings from each methodology.

Accession number
25573
Authors
Swaner, R., Labriola, M., Rempel, M., Walker, A., Spadafore, J.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

Center for Court Innovation

Year published new
2016
Availability

Full report available on the Center for Court Innovation website at: https://www.courtinnovation.org/sites/default/files/documents/Youth%20I…

Youth Homelessness and the Juvenile Justice System: A Roadmap of What to Ask, Offer, and Expect from Referral to Reentry

Youth Homelessness and the Juvenile Justice System: A Roadmap of What to Ask, Offer, and Expect from Referral to Reentry
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This guide provides professionals in the fields of education, social services, and law enforcement with information to help identify and respond to youth who may be homeless. The guide recommends prosecutors, judges, and probation officers review juvenile cases for possible homelessness at each stage of the judicial process. The guide emphasizes the importance of re-entry planning with this population. The federal definition of youth homelessness is provided as well as questions professionals can ask youth to determine their housing status. 

Accession number
25459
Authors
Smoot, N.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available for free download on the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/map_FINAL…

Youth Homeless and Juvenile Justice: Opportunities for Collaboration and Impact

Youth Homeless and Juvenile Justice: Opportunities for Collaboration and Impact
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief discusses the significant overlap between two populations—youth involved with the juvenile justice system and youth who experience homelessness. Youth who lack safe and stable housing often become involved with law enforcement and the justice system because of status offenses, public ordinance violations, or survival crimes. This brief outlines the possible long-term effects of youth homelessness and justice involvement, including physical and mental health problems and poor educational and vocational outcomes. It outlines seven areas where youth-serving organizations, including juvenile justice systems, runaway and homeless youth program, health departments, schools, community-based providers, and philanthropists, can collaborate to make an impact, including: 1) undertaking or funding research; 2) educating stakeholders; 3) investing in prevention and diversion opportunities; 4) improving re-entry planning; 5) advocating for change; 6) ensuring efforts reach youth of color and LGBTQ youth; and 7) partnering with youth and giving young people who have experienced homelessness and juvenile justice involvement leadership roles. In 2016, the Coalition for Juvenile Justice launched the Collaborating for Change: Addressing Youth Homelessness and Juvenile Justice project.  

Accession number
25439
Authors
Coalition for Juvenile Justice
Type new
Brief
Year published new
2016
Availability

Available for free download from the Coalition for Juvenile Justice website at: http://www.juvjustice.org/sites/default/files/resource-files/policy%20b…

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases

Voices from the Bench: Judicial Perspectives on Handling Child Sex Trafficking Cases
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This report discusses how the juvenile justice system has generally handled domestic child sex trafficking (DCST) cases and how victim-centered approaches are now emerging from the field. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges interviewed judges from different areas of the country, both urban and rural, who have implemented court-based reforms for DCST cases. This report presents the major themes and lessons learned from these interviews and serves as a practical guide for judges who wish to improve outcomes for the children and youth involved in their DCST cases.

Accession number
25755
Authors
Bohannan, T., Cullen, C., Devault, A., Ely, C., Siegel, G., Trescher, S.
Type new
Paper/Research Report
Organization

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Series
Technical Assistance Bulletin
Year published new
2019
Availability

Available for free download on the NCJFCJ website at: https://www.ncjfcj.org/DCST-Judicial-Voices

Trends from the Field: Lessons Learned About Alternative Education

Trends from the Field: Lessons Learned About Alternative Education
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

In this brief, the American Youth Policy Forum (AYPF) summarizes how the organization collaborated with key stakeholders at the national, state, local, and institutional level to develop accountability systems for alternative education programs. AYPF outlines the seven lessons learned about what these settings do well, areas that need improvement, opportunities for innovation, and issues requiring further inquiry. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25706
Authors
Kannam, J., Anand, A.
Type new
Brief
Organization

American Youth Policy Forum

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the AYPF website at: https://www.aypf.org/resource/publication_trends-from-the-field/

Supporting Pathways to Long-Term Success for Systems-Involved Youth: Lessons Learned

Supporting Pathways to Long-Term Success for Systems-Involved Youth: Lessons Learned
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the American Youth Policy Forum (AYPF) presents three key lessons the organization has identified as critical to promoting pathways to postsecondary education, training, and careers for youth involved in the juvenile justice system, foster care, or both. These three lessons are leveraging authentic youth voice, providing youth with a wide range of comprehensive supports and transitional services, and strategically aligning youth-serving systems and policies. The brief includes best practice spotlights for each of the lessons learned.

Accession number
25710
Type new
Brief
Organization

American Youth Policy Forum

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the AYPF website at: https://www.aypf.org/resource/supporting-pathways-to-long-term-success/

Strategies for Reducing Criminal and Juvenile Justice Involvement

Strategies for Reducing Criminal and Juvenile Justice Involvement
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The Urban Institute published this brief as part of a series of policy recommendations from a project called Building Ladders of Opportunity for Young People in the Great Lakes. This brief describes how crime and justice involvement impact youth development and opportunity in general, and specifically in six Great Lakes states: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. The brief presents policies and practices that may help increase safety while reducing juvenile justice and criminal justice involvement and their negative effects on youth. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25642
Authors
Jannetta, J., Okeke, C.
Type new
Brief
Organization

Urban Institute

Series
Building Ladders of Opportunity for Young People in the Great Lakes States
Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the Urban Institute website at: https://www.urban.org/research/publication/strategies-reducing-criminal…

State Index on Youth Homelessness

State Index on Youth Homelessness
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

In partnership with the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty, the True Colors Fund developed the State Index on Youth Homelessness (the Index) as a summary of some of the legal, systemic, and environmental barriers youth experiencing homelessness face. The Index looks at 61 metrics in all 50 states and District of Columbia. The metrics evaluate each state’s laws and policies, systems, and environments that affect youth experiencing homelessness and influence state policy and program implementation. The Index provides recommendations for each state on how to better protect the safety, development, health, and dignity of youth experiencing homelessness.

Accession number
25677
Authors
Rush, J., Santos, M.
Type new
Guide/Toolkit
Organization

True Colors Fund and the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty

Year published new
2018
Availability

Available free of charge on the True Colors Fund website at: https://truecolorsfund.org/index/

Social and Emotional Learning and Traditionally Underserved Populations

Social and Emotional Learning and Traditionally Underserved Populations
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

This brief from the American Youth Policy Forum focuses on social and emotional learning (SEL) programs for three traditionally underserved groups: students with disabilities, English language learners, and youth involved in the juvenile justice system.  The risk factors and consequences experienced by system-involved youth often create barriers to their social and emotional development. In addition to reviewing current research and practice related to SEL for these three student populations, the author explores possible applications of SEL programs to better prepare these students for success in school and life. (author abstract modified)

Accession number
25709
Authors
Beyer, L.N.
Type new
Brief
Organization

American Youth Policy Forum

Year published new
2017
Availability

Available for free download on the AYPF website at: https://www.aypf.org/resource/sel-special-populations/

Resolution Addressing the Needs of Homeless Youth and Families in Juvenile and Family Courts

Resolution Addressing the Needs of Homeless Youth and Families in Juvenile and Family Courts
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) passed a resolution during the organization’s 80th annual conference in Washington, D.C. to address the needs and issues related to homeless youth and families involved with the juvenile and family court systems. The resolution outlines strategies for judges to better serve young people experiencing homelessness and opposes the criminalization of youth for status offenses related to their lack of safe and stable housing. Juvenile and family court judges can lead the effort within their jurisdictions to improve the outcomes of youth with safe and stable housing, substance abuse and mental health services, life skills counseling, and family reunification when deemed appropriate. The resolution provides concrete steps for judges to convene child welfare and juvenile justice system stakeholders to develop a coordinated response to effectively identify and secure housing and services for homeless youth.

Accession number
25446
Authors
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Juvenile & Family Court Journal

Volume new
69
Year published new
2018
Availability

Free access to the full-text article at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jfcj.12103