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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Suicidal Behavior

Firearm Violence Exposure and Suicidal Ideation Among Young Adults Experiencing Homelessness.

Firearm Violence Exposure and Suicidal Ideation Among Young Adults Experiencing Homelessness.
Abstract

"Purpose
This study aimed to explore the association between direct exposure, indirect exposure, and perpetration of gun violence and suicidal ideation among young adults experiencing homelessness (YAEH).

Methods
YAEH (n = 1,426) in seven cities across the U.S. were surveyed. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between lifetime gun violence exposure and suicidal ideation in the past 12 months.

Results
Forty-five percent (n = 641) of YAEH had experienced direct or indirect gun violence, whereas 17% (n = 247) had engaged in gun violence perpetration. Gun violence perpetration is associated with elevated suicidal ideation risk (odds ratio = 1.46; 95% confidence interval = 1.02–2.01) among YAEH.

Conclusions
A high percentage of YAEH were exposed to firearm violence. Cross-sector, multiagency collaborations are warranted to reduce firearm violence exposure among this vulnerable population. Homeless service providers should screen for gun violence exposure and suicide risk and target prevention efforts on YAEH with a history of gun violence perpetration."

Authors
Hsu, H., Fulginiti, A., Petering, R., Barman-Adhikari, A., Santa Maria, D., Shelton, J., Bender, K., Narendorf, S. & Ferguson, K.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Adolescent Health

Volume new
67
Issue
2
Year published new
2020

Heterogeneous trajectories of suicidal ideation among homeless youth: predictors and suicide-related outcomes.

Heterogeneous trajectories of suicidal ideation among homeless youth: predictors and suicide-related outcomes.
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

The current study examined heterogeneous trajectories of suicidal ideation among homeless youth experiencing suicidal ideation over 9 months in a randomized controlled intervention study. Suicidal homeless youth (N = 150) were randomly assigned to Cognitive Therapy for Suicide Prevention (CTSP) þ Treatment as Usual (TAU) or TAU alone. Youth reported their suicidal ideation four times during a 9-month period. We also assessed pretreatment mental health, demographic information and session attendance as predictors of the subgroups, as well as suicide-related factors as outcomes at the 9-month follow-up. Growth mixture models suggested three distinct trajectory groups among youth: Fast Declining (74.7%), Chronic (19.3%), and Steadily Declining (6.0%). Youth in the Chronic group used more substances at baseline than the Steadily Declining group, were more likely to be White, non-Hispanic than the Fast-Declining group, and attended more CTSP sessions than other groups. Contrastingly, youth in the Steadily Declining group all experienced childhood abuse. Finally, youth in the Chronic group showed significant higher risk for future suicide compared to those in the Fast-Declining group at 9 months. Findings support the heterogeneity of treatment responses in suicide intervention among homeless youth, with implications to improve treatment efforts in this very high-risk population.

Authors
Wu, Q., Zhang, J., Walsh, L., & Slesnick, N.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Development and Psychopathology

Source

Wu_2022.pdf

Year published new
2022

Suicidality in homeless children and adolescents: A systematic review.

Suicidality in homeless children and adolescents: A systematic review.
Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue

No

Abstract

Suicide has been found to be the leading cause of death in the homeless youth population. Mortality rates due to suicide in this cohort can be 12–40 times more elevated than those observed in the general population. Therefore, a systematic review of the literature was conducted in order to investigate potential factors associated with suicidality among homeless children and adolescents. After a thorough investigation of peer-reviewed articles from main databases in this literature (ProQuest and EBSCO), a final number of 94 articles were studied to produce the contents of this systematic review. Factors associated with suicidality were divided into two main categories, namely risk factors and protective factors. The results of this review revealed significant risk factors including gender, sexual orientation, history of abuse, mental health diagnoses, negative coping styles, duration of homelessness, and survival sex. Conversely, this review identified protective factors associated with suicidality among homeless children and adolescents, such as the role of resilience, positive coping strategies, and supportive school environment. Given the impact of suicide rates in this already at-risk population, understanding these factors becomes paramount knowledge related to long-term outcomes for the homeless youth population.

Authors
Flach, Y. & Razza, T.S.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Aggression and Violent Behavior

Volume new
64
Issue
101575
Source

Flach_2022.pdf

Year published new
2022