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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Homeless Youth

The Complex Predictors of Youth Homelessness.

The Complex Predictors of Youth Homelessness.
Abstract

In a 2018 issue of this journal, Morton and colleagues published the first national prevalence and incidence study of homelessness among youth and young adults in the U.S. A new study by DiGuiseppi et al. published in this issue provides valuable new evidence to help facilitate risk identification and prevention of homelessness among adolescents engaged in substance use treatment.

Authors
Matthew H. Morton, M.H.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Adolescent Health

Volume new
66
Issue
4
Year published new
2020

Investigating the impacts of COVID-19 among LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness.

Investigating the impacts of COVID-19 among LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness.
Abstract

"Background: LGBTQ2S youth are overrepresented among youth experiencing homelessness and experience significantly higher rates of mental health issues compared to heterosexual and cisgender youth. COVID-19 related challenges for LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness remain unknown. To address this gap, this study aimed to understand the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on LGBTQ2S youth at risk of, and experiencing, homelessness in the Greater Toronto Area, Ontario, Canada and surrounding areas.
Methods: Utilizing a mixed-methods convergent parallel design, LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness were recruited to participate in virtual surveys and in-depth one-on-one interviews. Surveys included standardized measures and were administered to measure mental health outcomes and collect information on demographic characteristics, and health service use. Survey data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and statistical tests for difference of proportions. Interviews were analyzed using an iterative thematic content approach.
Results: Sixty-one youth completed surveys and 20 youth participated in one-on-one interviews. Quantitative and qualitative data showed that youth have been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic in various ways, including experiencing poor mental health, such as suicidality, depression, anxiety, and increased substance use, and lack of access to health and social support services.
Conclusion: Our study highlights the need for LGBTQ2S inclusive and affirming health care and support services for precariously housed adolescents to address the pre-existing social and health issues that have been exacerbated by the pandemic.

Keywords
Authors
Abramovich, A., Pang, N., Moss, A., Logie, C.H., Chaiton, M., Kidd, S.A., & Hamilton, H.A.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

PLOS ONE

Volume new
16
Issue
e0257693
Year published new
2021

Fostering Inequity: How COVID-19 Amplifies Dangers for LGBTQ+ Youth in Care.

Fostering Inequity: How COVID-19 Amplifies Dangers for LGBTQ+ Youth in Care.
Abstract

This report was developed with extensive input from LGBTQ+ young people currently or formerly in foster care, LGBTQ+ young people currently or formerly experiencing homelessness, and direct service workers. We identify how the pandemic is amplifying some of the risks for LGBTQ+ youth in child welfare systems and propose practices to mitigate them. Now, more than ever, LGBTQ+ young people must be protected.

Type new
Policy Report
Organization

Children's Rights Works

Year published new
2020

Homelessness, Mental Health and Suicidality Among LGBTQ Youth Accessing Crisis Services.

Homelessness, Mental Health and Suicidality Among LGBTQ Youth Accessing Crisis Services.
Abstract

LGBTQ youth experience increased risks of homelessness, mental health disorder symptoms, and suicidality. Utilizing data from LGBTQ youth contacting a suicide crisis services organization, this study examined: (a) rates of homelessness among crisis services users, (b) the relationship between disclosure of LGBTQ identity to parents and parental rejection and homelessness, and (c) the relationship between homelessness and mental health disorder outcomes and suicidality. A nationwide sample of LGBTQ youth was recruited for a confidential online survey from an LGBTQ-focused crisis services hotline. Overall, nearly one-third of youth contacting the crisis services hotline had experienced lifetime homelessness, and those who had disclosed their LGBTQ identity to parents or experienced parental rejection because of LGBTQ status experienced higher rates of homelessness. Youth with homelessness experiences reported more symptoms of several mental health disorders and higher rates of suicidality. Suggestions for service providers are discussed.

Authors
Rhoades, H., Rusow, J.A., Bond, D., Lanteigne, A., Fulginiti, A., & Goldbach, J.T.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Child Psychiatry & Human Development

Volume new
49
Issue
4
Year published new
2018

Homeless youth shelters and services for transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) clients: Results from a nationwide survey.

Homeless youth shelters and services for transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) clients: Results from a nationwide survey.
Abstract

This study explored results from a nationwide survey conducted with homeless youth shelter directors. The research sought to further the understanding of how policy and societal changes about gender affirming access to services have affected service delivery and accommodations at homeless youth shelters for transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) youth. Results from (n = 117) youth shelters indicate the majority of those surveyed are current in implementing many of the Housing and Urban Development (HUD) gender affirming policies. Among others, recommendations include a need for shelters to incorporate TGNC safety accommodations, and to update dress code policies from a universal design perspective.

Authors
Bowers, P.H., Aguiniga, D.M., Reamer, D., & Reynolds, J.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services

Year published new
2022

Youth Mental Health & Homelessness: Looking Upstream for Solutions. Social Work Today, 22(2), 16.

Youth Mental Health & Homelessness: Looking Upstream for Solutions. Social Work Today, 22(2), 16.
Abstract

Youth homelessness may be less visible, but it occurs during an important developmental window, one in which precious energies should be committed to aspiration and growth rather than a struggle to meet basic needs for safety, food, clothing, and shelter. The authors describe missed opportunities, mental health threats, and the diverse and common characteristics of homelessness. Several US communities are currently using screening tools and programs which have had successful outcomes intervening with school-aged students in Australia. The authors explore these positive practices as well as preventive measures, and next steps for communities seeking to address youth homelessness.

Authors
Kull, M., Griffin, A.M., Alexcee, A., & Farrell, A.F.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Social Work Today

Volume new
22
Issue
2

Tackling youth homelessness with peer navigators in Cleveland.

Tackling youth homelessness with peer navigators in Cleveland.
Abstract

Two years ago, A Place 4 Me set out to house 100 youth in 100 days as part of its ongoing efforts to improve out¬comes for transition-age youth in foster care. The initiative exceeded its goal and — in the process — showed how to strengthen support systems and services for young people in foster care. Kate Lodge is the executive director and vice president of strategic initiatives at A Place 4 Me, which is the Annie E. Casey Foundation’s Cleveland-based partner in its Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative® Network. In this post, Lodge describes how Cleveland had adopted innovative practices, such as the hiring of peer navigators, to tackle youth homelessness today.

Type new
Blog
Organization

The Annie E. Casey Foundation

Year published new
2019

Interventions for youth homelessness: a systematic review of effectiveness studies.

Interventions for youth homelessness: a systematic review of effectiveness studies.
Abstract

This systematic review synthesizes effectiveness evidence on interventions to prevent and address youth homelessness. It was conducted primarily for a United States policy and practice audience but involved an international synthesis of evidence. The authors conducted an international search that included eleven major academic electronic databases, 13 additional relevant institutional web-based publication databases, and a professional outreach for published and unpublished studies of the effectiveness of programs and practices to prevent or address youth homelessness, in Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. We searched databases for studies published or completed between January 1, 2008 and March 19, 2019, and we also reviewed earlier studies synthesized in a similar past systematic review that ended its search in 2008. The review included experimental and quasi-experimental evaluation studies of youth ages 13–25. We included studies that only used pre-post comparisons and denote lower rigor designs clearly in the synthesis.

Authors
Morton, M.H., Kugley, S., Epstein, R., Farrell, A.F.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Children and Youth Services Review

Volume new
116
Source

37_Morton_2020.pdf

Year published new
2020

Research on Adolescent Predictors of Young Adult Homelessness and Food Insecurity Reveals Opportunities for Prevention. [Editorial].

Research on Adolescent Predictors of Young Adult Homelessness and Food Insecurity Reveals Opportunities for Prevention. [Editorial].
Abstract

A new study by Tucker and colleagues [1] set out to examine the adolescent predictors of homelessness and food insecurity during emerging adulthood. Researchers analyzed data from a longitudinal study of adolescents recruited from 16 middle schools in Southern California. During the 2019-20 follow-up survey, with an average age of 23, one in 13 (7.5%) young adult study participants reported some form of homelessness, and nearly one in 3 (29.3%) reported concerns or experiences with not having enough food, in the past year.

Authors
Morton, M.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

Journal of Adolescent Health

Volume new
70
Year published new
2022

LGBTIQ+ Homelessness: A Review of the Literature.

LGBTIQ+ Homelessness: A Review of the Literature.
Abstract

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex, and Queer (LGBTIQ+) people’s experiences of homelessness is an under-explored area of housing and homelessness studies, despite this group making up 20–40% of homeless populations. Despite this, much of the existing literature focuses on specific elements of LGBTIQ+ homelessness, and often does not consider the intersections of these elements, instead placing them into individual siloes. Our approach is an intersectional one; this paper identifies the key themes in the existing research, and analyses how these themes interact to reinforce the discrimination and stigma faced by LGBTIQ+ people who experience homelessness. This intersectional-systems thinking approach to LGBTIQ+ homelessness can be used to develop well-informed, culturally sensitive support programes.

Authors
Fraser, B., Pierse, N., Chisholm, E., & Cook, H.
Type new
Journal Article
Journal Name

International Journal of Environmental Research Public Health

Volume new
16
Issue
15
Year published new
2019