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National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

The Impact of Transitional Programmes on Post-Transition Outcomes for Youth Leaving Out-of-Home Care: A Meta-Analysis

Heerde, J.A., Hemphill, S.A., Scholes-Balog, K.E.
Type new
Journal Article
Year published new
Journal Name

Health and Social Care in the Community

Volume new

This journal article describes a meta-analysis of internationally published literature from 1990 to 2014 investigating the impact of transitional program participation among youth ages 15 to 24. The study focused on post-transition outcomes related to housing, education, employment, mental health, and substance abuse. After conducting a comprehensive database search, the researchers found 19 studies, all from the United States, that met their inclusion criteria. They found that the most frequently described housing outcomes were living independently and homelessness. The rates of post-transition employment varied while the rates of post-secondary education were low. Furthermore, transitioning youth commonly reported depression and alcohol use. The findings from this meta-analysis indicate that attention should be given to the potential benefits of transitional program participation on outcomes such as housing, employment, and education. Further analyses showed that these benefits may differ based on study design, sample size, and sampling unit, but not for mean age or gender. Further detailed and rigorous research internationally is needed to examine the characteristics of transitional programs that produce more successful outcomes for youth, and whether these outcomes are sustained longitudinally. (author abstract modified)


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Electronically published journal article, but not part of an issue