Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000: Fact Sheet
This fact sheet provides an overview of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA). Prior to October 2000, when the TVPA was enacted, no comprehensive Federal law existed to protect victims of trafficking or to prosecute their traffickers. The goals of the TVPA are to (1) prevent human trafficking overseas, (2) protect victims and help them rebuild their lives in the U.S. with Federal and state support, and (3) prosecute traffickers of persons under stiff Federal penalties. Protection and assistance for victims of trafficking under the law including making housing, educational, health care, job training, and other Federally-funded social service programs available to help victims rebuild their lives. The law also established the T visa, which allows victims of trafficking to become temporary residents of the U.S. In 2003, the Bush Administration authorized more than $200 million to combat human trafficking through the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003 (TVPRA). The TVPRA renews and strengthens the nation's commitment to identifying and assisting victims exploited through labor and sex trafficking in the U.S.