National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

The Effect of Victimization, Mental Health, and Protective Factors on Crime and Illicit Drug Use Among Homeless Young Adults

Authors: 
Tyler, Kimberley A.,
Kort-Butler, L.A.,
Swendener, A.
Year Published: 2014
Type: 
Journal Article
Journal Name: 
Violence and Victims
Volume: 29

Issue: 2
Abstract: 

This journal article describes a study that examined the relationship between various forms of victimization, mental health, and protective factors with property and violent crime and illicit drug use among homeless young adults. Results from regression analysis indicated that running away from home more frequently, experiencing more physical victimization on the street, higher levels of self-efficacy, and more deviant beliefs were associated with greater property crime. Significant correlates of violent crime included being male, running away from home more frequently, greater sexual and physical victimization on the street, higher levels of self-efficacy, and more deviant beliefs. Greater illicit drug use was associated with being male, running away from home more frequently, greater child physical abuse and partner victimization, and more deviant beliefs. The study found that having fewer deviant beliefs was a protective factor for each of the three outcome variables. However, the researchers also found that self-efficacy was positively related to both property and violent crime, which suggests that this protective factor may not operate for homeless young adults in the same manner as it does for normative populations. (Author Abstract Modified)

Availability: 
Full-text article available for download by subscription or purchase: http://connect.springerpub.com/content/sgrvv/29/2/348