Health insurance access and counseling receipt and their association with later depressive and suicidial symptoms
Mental health disorders that begin in adolescence often persist into early adulthood. One reason for this continuance of mental health problems may be the limited use of mental health services in adolescence and young adulthood. In this Research Brief, the authors analyze panel data from a baseline sample of 9,969 young people participating in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (ADD Health), to assess whether the receipt of supportive counseling and access to health insurance in adolescence are related to the persistence of adolescent depression and/or suicidality in young adulthood. Results indicate that teens reporting symptoms of depression or suicidality in adolescence are 2.8 times more likely than asymptomatic teens to report these symptoms in young adulthood. The effects of receiving counseling and having health insurance during adolescence on later symptoms of depression or suicidality varied, depending on the severity of symptoms reported during adolescence. Modified Author Abstract.