School-Based Extracurricular Activity Involvement and Adolescent Self-Esteem: A Growth-Curve Analysis

Kort-Butler, L. A.,
Hagewen, K. J.
Journal Article
Year Published: 2011
Journal of Youth and Adolescence 40(5); 568-581: 2011
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

In this study, the authors investigated the influence of school-based extracurricular activity involvement on adolescent self-esteem over time. Building on prior research, they used a growth-curve analysis to examine self-esteem trajectories from adolescence (age 14) to young adulthood (age 26). Using 3 waves of data from National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n=5,399; 47.8 percent male), the analysis estimated a hierarchical growth-curve model emphasizing the effects of age and type of school-based extracurricular activity portfolio, including sports and school clubs, on self-esteem. The authors found that age had a linear relationship with self-esteem over time. Changes in both the initial level of self-esteem and the growth of self-esteem over time were significantly influenced by the type of extracurricular activity portfolio. The results suggest that young adults benefit from participation in school-based extracurricular activities during adolescence, provided that the activities in which they participate are associated with self-concepts and skill-sets that remain relevant beyond high school. Modified Author Abstract.

L. A. Kort-Butler, Department of Sociology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 711 Oldfather Hall, P.O. Box 880324, Lincoln, NE 68588-0324, USA; E-mail:; Website:
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