Predictors of Positive Development in Emerging Adulthood
In this study, the authors examined child and adolescent precursors of positive functioning in emerging adulthood, including individual characteristics, relationship factors, and connections to the community, using a multidimensional positive development measure at 19-20 years. The sample consisted of 511 males and 647 females who were participants in the Australian Temperament Project, a population-based longitudinal study that has followed young people's psychosocial adjustment from infancy to early adulthood. Higher levels of positive development in emerging adulthood were associated with stronger family and peer relationships, better adjustment to the school setting, higher family socioeconomic status, and better emotional control. Some significant gender differences were observed; emotional control, family relationships, and community orientation were all stronger predictors of males' than of females' positive development. The findings suggest possible targets for intervention in childhood and adolescence to promote positive development in early adulthood. Modified Author Abstract.