The Longitudinal Relationships Between Rural Adolescents' Prosocial Behaviors and Young Adult Substance Use

Carlo, G.,
Crockett, L. J.,
Wilkinson, J. L.,
Beal, S. J.
Journal Article
Year Published: 2011
J Youth Adolescence (2011) 40:1192?1202
APR 000933-01 and contract 282-90-0047 to Judith R. Vicary from the Office of Adolescent Pregnancy Programs and by 1R01AA009678-01A2 to Lisa Crockett from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

While many adolescents and young adults experiment with substances, recent research suggests that rural youth and young adults may be more at risk for substance use than their urban counterparts. These authors examined the longitudinal relationships between rural adolescents' prosocial behaviors and substance use in young adulthood. They also examined the potential mediating effects of adolescent substance use, academic investment, and delinquency. The sample consisted of 531 rural youth who were surveyed in grades 10-12 (M age of 16.17 at Time 1) and again in early adulthood (Time 2). Measures of prosocial behaviors, substance use, academic investment, and deviant activities were assessed at Time 1. At Time 2, measures of marijuana use, cigarette smoking, and getting drunk were administered. Overall, the findings show that rural adolescents with higher levels of prosocial behaviors are less likely to engage in substance use in young adulthood than those who exhibit relatively low levels of prosocial behaviors. Modified Author Abstract.

Correspondence to: Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 320 Burnett Hall, Lincoln 68588-0308, NE, USA e-mail:
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