The Longitudinal Relationships Between Rural Adolescents' Prosocial Behaviors and Young Adult Substance Use
While many adolescents and young adults experiment with substances, recent research suggests that rural youth and young adults may be more at risk for substance use than their urban counterparts. These authors examined the longitudinal relationships between rural adolescents' prosocial behaviors and substance use in young adulthood. They also examined the potential mediating effects of adolescent substance use, academic investment, and delinquency. The sample consisted of 531 rural youth who were surveyed in grades 10-12 (M age of 16.17 at Time 1) and again in early adulthood (Time 2). Measures of prosocial behaviors, substance use, academic investment, and deviant activities were assessed at Time 1. At Time 2, measures of marijuana use, cigarette smoking, and getting drunk were administered. Overall, the findings show that rural adolescents with higher levels of prosocial behaviors are less likely to engage in substance use in young adulthood than those who exhibit relatively low levels of prosocial behaviors. Modified Author Abstract.