Integrative Literature Review of Adolescent Risk and Health Compromising Behaviors Guided by the Problem Behavior Theory
Twenty percent of the world's population is adolescents. Although generally healthy, risky behaviors result in premature death from injury and establish lifestyles and habits that lead to poor health and disability during adult life. In this integrative review, the author presents the state of the literature related to adolescent health risk behaviors as framed by the problem behavior theory. The key word search using the databases of ERIC, CINAHL Plus with full text, PsycARTICLES, and PsycINFO yielded an internationally representative group of articles consistent with the guiding framework. Fifteen articles related to risk factors, protective factors, risk behaviors, and health-compromising behaviors of adolescents were retained from the past five years. Most of the studies support the theory by findings consistent with and predicted by the model. In general, risk factors are associated with risk behaviors or risk outcomes, and protective factors result in decreased participation and improved risk outcomes. Additionally, risk factors exert a greater effect than protective factors, and protective factors mediate risk factors. Modified Author Abstract.